SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE

What is the global warming and climate change? How does it relate to SWM?

.CLIMATE CHANGE Is any long term change in the patterns of average weather of a specific region. It is the result of the global warming of the planet.

.Climate change results from too much concentration of pollutants in the atmosphere which results to global warming and thus affecting our normal weather patterns.

.Improper waste management and unabated burning of garbage and agricultural waste leads to global warming and climate change. Thus the call for proper waste management.

THE Ozone Layer .

IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE Extreme heat and drought in some places While sea level rising and flooding in other areas. .

Extreme drought increasing . Heavier rainfall cause flooding in many regions 6.EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE 1. 2. Sea level rising Arctic sea is melting Glaciers are melting Sea-surface temperatures are warming 5. 3. 4.

Ecosystems are changing 8.EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE 7. Warmer temperatures affect human health 11. More frequent heat waves 10. Hurricane have changed in frequency and strength 9. Seawater is becoming more acidic .

consequences .

.Manila Will Sink • JUST LIKE OTHER MAJOR ASIAN CITIES: Manila. while a mega. • Source: Philippine Daily Inquirer. but low-lying city like Manila is vulnerable to more disasters. Philippines—Coastal communities in the Philippines are under threat from sea level rise. 23 Sep 08 MANILA. according to a World Vision report. coastal villages under threat from sea-level rise ( By TJ Burgonio).

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IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AGRICULTURE 1. 2. Drought Flood Extreme or erratic rainfall Soil erosion Farm sedimentation Pests infestation Loss of biodiversity . 3. 6. 5. 7. 4.

Migration or displacement of farming communities 8. Low agricultural activity 7.IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AGRICULTURE 5. Intrusion of sea water (due to sea level rise) . Infrastructure damage (includes pre & post harvest facilities) 6.

IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON COASTAL COMMUNITIES 1. 8. 6. 5. 9. 7. 4. 2. 3. Diminishing fish catch Coral bleaching Mangrove loss due to sea level rise Ocean acidification Extinction of species Migration of species Storm surges Coastal beach erosion Infrastructure damage .

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GLOBAL WARMING • It is the increase in the average temperature of the earth’s nearsurface air and ocean • It is the rising global temperature (more heat trapped in the atmosphere which alters weather conditions) .

.CAUSE • Increase in the atmospheric GHG (Greenhouse Gases) concentration Note: Largest contributing source of GHG is the burning of fossil fuels leading to the emission of carbon dioxide.

cement production • Methane – fossil fuel. land use conversion (deforestation). industrial processes.Where do these GHGs come from? • Carbon dioxide – fossil combustion fuel (coal. gas). combustion . oil. ride paddy (seeds and fertilizers) • Nitrous oxide – fertilizers.

Where do these GHGs come from? • • • • Chlorofluorocarbon – liquid coolants. foam Hexa – liquid coolants Perfluorocarbon – production of aluminum Sulfur hexa fluoride – production of aluminum .

DEFORESTATION .RELEASES CO2 .

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TSP levels above the standards by as much as 200% Adverse health impacts .

Air pollution 80-90% of air polluton is from cars-motor vehicles Water disaster 31 Jan 2006. 1002 hrs: .

So Leyte.Earth’s FEVER Intense and Erratic Supertyphoons Unprecedented heavy downpour (Ormoc (1991) Cherry Hills. Flooding (recently in Iloilo) Earthquakes .

Ondoy Pictures .

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ORMOC FLASHFLOOD PICS Flood waters rose to as high as 10 feet at Bonifacio street .

Letter written in 2070 Quadrangle and parking area of Pongos Hotel (Floodwater 10 ft high) .

in spite of all its weaknesses it is only the Human species who has in his power to determine what impact his actions today will have in the future. .All is not hopeless… Of all the creatures on this earth.