Overview Selina

History of Child care
Childcare Support System Availability & Accessibility Philosophy Program Structure & Training

Nazneen Alex Cindy Rhonda

• Sweden’s officially name is Kingdom of Sweden. • Capital city –Stockholm. • 3rd largest country in the Europe and 55th largest country in the world. • Sweden’s climate is warm summers and cold winters, so children go outside more in the summer but they cannot go outside more in the winter.

Sweden Child Care Ages Children Participates pre-school 1-5 338 000 Leisure-time centres 6 82 000 Family day-care homes 1-12 300 000 Open pre-school 1-5 1 000 Source: Ministry of Education and Science, 1999

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Infant schools began in 1836. In 1854, Sweden opened the first infant creches now called daycares. In 1890, Sweden began the part-time kindergartens, based on Frobelina theory. In 1968, National Commission on Childcare was created how pedagogical (educational), social and supervisory elements were included in childcare. In 1983, Social Democrat party passed that funding was not for commercial childcare, only for parent cooperatives or non-profit centres. In 202, Swedish government brought rules for maximum fees with the difference in funding covered by the central government. In 2003, 4 to 5 year olds were allowed 525 free hours of childcare a year.

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Sweden has an exclusive childcare system All children have a right to a spot in a childcare place. Childcare is important to Swedish welfare, as well as family’s lives. In 1998, the government takes liability for childcare. ECEC has an important part of the Swedish family support system. The National Commission on Childcare is now the National Curriculum for Pre-school. Some parental co-operatives are alternatives in Swedish ECEC. The total costs for Swedish ECEC system in 1999 was SEK 40,000 million. ECEC is not only afforable but profitable for individuals and society.

Availability & Accessibility
•Preschool- Age -1-5

•Preschool class- Age-6
•Primary school- 7-16 •All are run by the Municipal Government


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Play and learn inspire through Reggio Emila approach. Continues learning and development. Create a rich and supporting environment. Children learning through by doing hands on.

Program Structure & Training
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There are two staff categories Playful learning in the classroom come from the children’s descriptions of the teachers’ attitudes. 2010 preschool curriculum emphasises the significance of play for children’s development and learning. More like the Reggio Emila approach Earlier preschools, play and learning were separated. Childcare centres use GPS to keep track of children.


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References l_curriculum_play_and_learning_with_fundamental_values_in_focus.html