Affirmative form

Pronoun Auxiliary Infinitive I You He She Will phone the doctor It We They We can use the contraction : ( ‘ ll ) We form the future simple with will and the base form of the main verb.

AFFIRMATIVE Long form Short Form I will go I’ll go You will go You’ll go He will go He’ll go She will go She’ll go It will go It’ll go We will go We’ll go You will go You’ll go They will go They’ll go

We use the future simple. a) For predictions about the future, usually with the verbs hope , think, believe, expect, imagine, etc, the expresions I’m sure, I’m afraid, etc and the adverbs probably, perhaps, etc. Examples: I think she’ll get very angry . I expect the weather will be fine tomorrow . He’ll probably stay in bed today.

b) For promises. I won’t tell anybody. I promise. I’ll call you . I promise c) For on the spot – decisions. I’m bored here . I’ll go to the cinema. Someone is knocking the door. I’ll open it. d) For threats. Stop talking or I’ll punish you.

Negative form :
Pronoun Auxiliary Infinitive I You He will not She Won’t phone the doctor It We They We form negations but putting not after will. The short form of will not is won’t. Ex. He will not / won’t come to the meeting.


negative Long form Short Form I will notgo I won’t go You will not go You won’t go He will not go He won’t go She will not go She won’t go It will not go It won’t go We will not go We won’t go You will not go You won’t go They will not go They won’t go

Interrogative form :
Auxiliary Pronoun Infinitive I You He Will She phone the doctor ? It We They We form questions by putting will before the subject. Ex. Will he come to the meeting?

SHORT ANSWERS POSITIVE NEGATIVE Yes, I will No, I won’t. Yes, You will No, You won’t. Yes, He will No, He won’t. Yes, She will No,She won’t. Yes, It will No, It won’t . Yes, We will No, We won’t. Yes, you will No, You won’t. Yes, they will No, They won’t.

Time expressions used with the future simple.
• • • • • • Tomorrow The day after tomorrow Next week / month / year Tonight Soon In a week / month / year.

• Will • Read the sentences below and mark them as A, B, C according to what they express. A For prediction about the future based on what we think B Promise C On the spot- decision

1.- I’m hungry. I’ll make myself a snack. ( ) 2.- I think I’ll go to Spain next year.( ) 3.- I’ll call you as soon as I arrive home. ( ) 4.- People will wear breathing masks in the year 2200. ( ) 5.- I’ll be careful, I promise. 6.- The phone is ringing . I’ll answer it. 7.- I’m sure I’ll enjoy the film . 8.- Vanessa will probably come to the party.

9.-There is no coke left. I’ll go and buy some . ( ) 10.- People will probably live longer in 2100. ( ) 11.- I’m sorry I shouted at you . I won’t do it again. ( ) 12.- I’m a bit tired. I’ll go to bed early tonight.

Fill in the gaps using WILL OR ‘LL 1. I’m sure he _______(be) late. 2. Jhon ________( phone ) your office for you. 3. Don’t worry . I _______( pay ) for the damage to your car. 4. What’s the matter ? I ______( phone ) the doctor . 5. I’m certain he ______(do ) a good job. 6. Just a moment .I ________( help ) you with the bags. 7. I think It ________(rain ) tomorrow.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Put in order these sentences

be back/ she/ tomorrow/ won’t pick / you / up/ I/ at seven / will be/ he/ late/ not / today / will will / I/ phone / her/ now arrive/ will/ They / at six o’ clock Drive / will / I/ promise / I / well He / ? / next / will / buy / tickets/ for / month/ the festival 8. evening/?/you /a film/watch/will/tomorrow

• Answer the questions about yourself using I think, I hope, I believe, I expect, I’m sure, probably, perhaps. 1.- Where will you be at 9 o’clock tomorrow morning? 2.- What will you do for your summer holiday? 3.- Where will you go on Saturday evening? 4.- How will you spend next month’s pocket money? 5.- What will you buy your mother for mother’s day?


Pronouns I

Examples I am going to speak

you / we / they You are going to speak.

he / she / it

He is going to speak

• Use We use be going to : a) To talk about our future plans and intentions. He’s going to play tennis tomorrow morning. (= He’s planning to …) b) To make predictions based on what you see or know. It’s going to rain . There are dark clouds in the sky. ( I can see the clouds.)

BUT We use will to make predictions based on what we think or imagine. I think he’ll pass his second English practice.


Verb to be /Pronoun /Auxiliar / main verb / Complement? Am I Are you/we /they

going to visit my friends?

Is he / she / it

Short Form Yes , I am / No, I’m not. Yes, You are / No, You aren’t Yes, He is / No, He isn’t. Yes, She is / No, She isn’t Yes, It is / No , It isn’t Yes, We are / No, We aren’t Yes,You are / No, you aren’t Yes, They are / No, They aren’t

Going to Short answers


Pronouns / Verb To- be / Auxiliar / main verb / Complement. Examples I I am not going to speak

you / we / they
he / she / it

You are not going to play soccer.
He isn’t going to travel to Trujillo.

Write the correct form of be going to 1. Look at the sky ! It ________( rain ) 2. He’s very angry . He _______( complain ) to the doctor. 3. The patient is very ill .he __________( die ) 4. Watch the baby ! She _________( fall off ) the bed. 5. She _________( visit ) her family next Sunday . 6. My teacher __________( take ) an exam on Thursday .

• Fill in the correct form (“be going to” or future simple “Will”) 1.- A: Oh dear! We’ve run out off eggs. B: Don’t worry. I ____ (go ) and buy some. 2.- A: What are your plans for the weekend? B: I _________ (spend) it up on the mountains. 3.- A: You have to do the washing up. B : I know . I _____ ( do ) it now.

4.- A: Miguel is very creative. B : Yes. He says he _______ (be ) artist. 5.- A: Will Janet visit her grandmother this afternoon? B : I don’t know. I ______ (ask ) her when she comes home. 6.- A : It’s dark in here. B : You’re right. I______ ( switch) on the lights.