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Blu-Ray Disc

Manisha Nain 5508410 IT-8th Sem.

Introduction
Blu-ray Disc (also known as Blu-ray or BD) is a new optical disc storage media format. Its main uses are high-definition video and data storage. The disc has the same dimensions as a standard DVD or CD.

The Name
The Blu-ray name is a combination of blue, for the color of the laser that is used for reading data and ray for optical ray. The e in blue was purposefully left off, according to the manufacturers, because an everyday word cannot be a trademark.

Features Of BD

The sleek design helps in skipping from any part of the disc to the other. Multiple programs like using the same disc for watching a video as well as recording on it can be done at the same time. Watch HD in its maximum quality with very little loss. The programs present on the disc can be re-ordered in any way you like. Use of subtitles is possible for movies.

History

1st GENERATION:
Compact disc (CD): --- 650/700 MB It is with us for over 20 years. Wavelength of laser which reads data: 780 nm Color of laser: Red

2nd GENERATION:
Digital versatile disc (DVD): --- 4.7 GB It offers high quality sound and video than CD. Wavelength of laser which reads data: 650 nm Color of laser: Red

History cont..

3rd GENERATION:

Blu-ray disc (BD): --- 25/50 GB


Next generation optical disc format. Developed by blu-ray disc association (which includes Apple, Hitachi, HP, LG, Panasonic, Pioneer, Philips, Samsung, Sharp, Sony) Wavelength of laser which reads data: 405 nm Color of laser: Blue-violet which was developed by

SHUJI NAKAMURA at NICHIA CORPORATION

Format Of BD
It comes in four different formats: BD-ROM (read only) : for reading recorded
content.

BD-R (recordable) : for PC data storage. BD-RW (rewritable) : for PC data storage. BD-RE (rewritable) : for HDTV (high definition

television) recording.

Types Of BD
Single Layer : - Can hold data up to 25/27 GB that means 2 hrs of HD video or about 13 hrs of standard video. Double Layer : - Can hold data up to 50 GB that means 4.5 hrs of HD video or more than 20 hrs of standard video.

Working of Blu-ray Disc


Discs store digitally encoded video and audio

Information in pits , spiral grooves that run from the center of the disc to its edges .

A laser reads the other side of these pits to play the movie or program that is stored on the disc.

The more data that is contained on a disc, the smaller and more closely packed the pits must be.

The smaller beam focuses more precisely, enabling it to read information recorded in pits that are not only 0.15 microns long this is more than twice as small as the pits on a DVD.

Construction

Comparison
BD

DVD

Data is placed on top of a 1.1 mm thick polycarbonate layer Doesnt suffer from

Data is sandwiched b/w two polycarbonate layers, each 0.6 mm thick Suffer from

BIREFRINGENCE

BIREFRINGENCE

Doesnt suffer from DISC

TILT

Suffer from DISC TILT No such hard coating is placed

Hard coating is placed outside to protect from scratches or fingerprints

Blu-ray Player

Blu-ray players are the digital video players that play Blu-ray discs. Blu-ray players are compatible with standard DVDs so, you can play all your disks on it and not have to use to different players.

VIDEO:
Blu-ray players are widely regarded as producing superior image quality to DVD players. Blu-ray players are able to play movies and other videos at the highest possible resolution, meaning you get to enjoy the best image available to you on your home television.

AUDIO:
Blu-ray players create a more detailed and clear sound for viewers than DVD players. More soundtrack formats are available for Blu-ray technology.

Blu-ray s Durability Advantage


Various hard coating technologies make Blu ray disc most durable and family -friendly. Hard-coating technology provides resistance to: - Finger prints - Marks - Scratches - Dust Much more ROBUST than todays polycarbonate-based CD/DVDs (and HD DVDs)

Blu-rays Density Advantage

Higher density enables better data seek times. Shorter to travel for same amount of data results in faster data seek. Better for random access of data.

On Guard
Blu-ray discs are better armed than current DVDs. They come equipped with a secure encryption system a unique ID that protects against video piracy and copyright infringement.

Disadvantages

Blue Ray Discs are more expensive than conventional DVDs. Blu-ray movie titles cost more than DVD titles and there are only a few titles for Blu-ray. Blu-ray is hard to produce than DVD. Blu-Ray uses hardware which may be replaced with flash memory.

Conclusion

Blu-ray is a digital media format for optical disks that uses blue laser diode due to its narrow focus point. Blu-ray has become the industrys new preferred format over HD DVD. Businesses will be able to use Blu-ray drives in computer and laptops for more data storage and backup.

The future is Blu-ray

Thank You