Burma-U.S.

Relationship
Eliran Gazala Global Studies 11-28-12

Brief History
• Was under British and then Japanese occupation before independence (1824-1937, 1942-1947) • 1948- U Nu is first PM • 1960- military is angry at U Nu • 1962- military-led state
– Nationalized economy, Socialist Programme Party, ban on all independent newspapers

• 1974- new const. comes into affect
– Transfers power to People’s Assembly (Ne Win)

• 1981- Ne Win hands power over to San Yu

Riots and Repression
• 1987- Currency devaluation wipes out many people’s savings
– Start of anti-govt. riots

• 1988-State Law and Order Restoration Council formed • 8888 Uprising- demanded democracy
– Left thousands killed (guns were not to shoot upwards)

• 1989- Slorc declares martial law and arrest advocates of democracy and human rights.
– Burma is renamed to Myanmar (Yangon is now capital)

Reform Era
• 2001- Thai relations reform
– Chinese Pres. Jiang Zemin visits, urges economic reform

• 2002- Aung San Suu Kyi released from house arrest after 20 months • 2003- Khin Nyunt becomes PM and new constitution to be written in 2004 • 2004- Jan. starts with convention stopped in July

Regression
• 2004-Oct.-PM placed under house arrest (power struggle) • 2005-Feb.-Const. Convention resumes but ends in Jan. 2006 with no outcomes

What Does the U.S. want?
• U.S supports peaceful, prosperous, and democratic Burma
– Respecting all human rights

What Does the U.S. do?
• Place sanctions on Burma
– Economic, financial, and travel

• Support UN to put into attention the human rights situation

Reform (Again)!!
• March 2011- U.S. relations begin to improve
– Pres. Thein Sein elected
• Showed reform
– Released political prisoners, signed ceasefire agreements with ethnic groups, Aung San Suu Kyi made a political leader

Improving Relations
• Dec. 2011- Secretary Clinton travels to Burma
– First in 50 yrs.

• U.S. is also re-establishing an in-country U.S. Agency for International Development mission
– Enables U.S. to pursue nonporfit activities (democracy building to health and education)

Signs of Improving Relations
• U.S. ease sanctions on Burma
– Pres. Barack Obama said “…significant progress alon the path to democracy, and the government has continued to make important and economic reforms…” “…reforms remain unfinished…”

• What Sanctions
– Burmese goods to be imported into U.S.
• “More opportunities for your people to sell their goods into our market.” (Sec. Clinton)
– Leads to economic rise

• Smith, Christopher. "8888 Uprising History | ABITSU - All Burma I.T Students Union." ABITSU All Burma IT Students Union RSS. ABITSU, 09 Aug. 2007. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.abitsu.org/?p=32>. • Staff, CNN Wire. "U.S. Eases Sanctions on Myanmar - CNN.com." CNN. Cable News Network, 01 Jan. 1970. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.cnn.com/2012/07/11/world/asia/us-myanmar-easingsactions/index.html>. • "Timeline: Burma A Chronology of Key Events." Timeline: Burma A Chronology of Key Events. BBC, Jan. 2007. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Burma/Timeline_Burma.html>. • "U.S. Relations With Burma." U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State, 01 Aug. 2012. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35910.htm>. • York, Associated Press in New. "US to Ease Economic Sanctions on Burma in Response to Reforms." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 27 Sept. 2012. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/sep/27/us-eases-burmasanctions-clinton-sein>.

Work Cited