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The Republic of Kenya

Flag of Kenya

Symbol of Kenyan Flag
• The Kenyan flag is based on that of Kenya African National Union. The colors symbolize black majority, red for the blood shed during the struggle for freedom, and green for Land; the white fimbriation was added later and symbolizes peace. The black, red, and white traditional Maasai shield and two spears symbolize the defense of all the things mentioned above.

Geography
Location:
• Eastern Africa, which is between Somalia and Tanzania • Geographic coordinates : 1°00′N 38°00′E

Area: • Total: 580,367 km² • Land: 559,140 km² • Water: 11,227 km²

Climate
• Kenya enjoys a tropical climate. It is hot and humid at the coast, temperate inland and very dry in the north and northeast parts of the country. • The long rains occur from April to June and short rains from October to December. The rainfall is sometimes heavy and when it does come it often falls in the afternoons and evenings. The hottest period is from February to March and coldest in July to August. • Average Temperature of main cities:
Mombasa - 30.30 Celsius max. and 22.40 Celsius min. Nairobi - 25.20 Celsius max. and 13.60 Celsius min. Eldoret - 23.60 Celsius max. and 9.50 Celsius min.

Politics
• Kenya is a democratic republic • The country gained independence from the United Kingdom on Dec. 12, 1963, and was ruled by the Kenya African National Union until 2002. • Independent Kenya's first multi-party democratic election was held in 1992, but the 2002 elections marked the first time the presidency and the parliamentary majority changed hands. • The executive branch is made up of an elected president and an appointed vice president and cabinet. • The president, who is the chief of state, head of government and the commander in chief of the armed forces, is elected to a five-year term by a direct popular vote and is eligible for two terms. • A presidential candidate needs to win the absolute majority of votes, as well as win 25 percent or more of the vote in at least five of Kenya's provinces. • President Mwai Kibaki, of the Party of National Unity, was elected for his second term as president in highly contested elections on Dec. 27, 2007.

Mwai Kibaki
3rd President of Kenya

Kenyan Currency

1 Kenyan shilling = 0.01207 U.S. dollars

Tourism
• The tourism sector which contributes about 63 percent of GDP, has exhibited steady growth in most years since independence and by the late 1980s had become the country's principal source of foreign exchange. Tourists, the largest number from Germany and the United Kingdom, are attracted mainly to the coastal beaches and the game reserves, notably, the expansive Tsavo National Park (20,808 square kilometers) in the southeast.

Tsavo National Park

Mombasa Beach

Lake Turkana

Mt. Kenya

Other Industries

• Agriculture is the backbone of Kenya’s economy, providing food for the citizens as well as for export • Approximately 75 % of the country’s people are employed in agriculture • Primary crops that are exported include tea, flowers and sugar

Education

• The basic school system for education in Kenya is the same as in many other western countries, including the United States. • It's referred to as an 8-4-4 system of education. In Kenya, the first primary school level lasts for 8 years, then there is 4 years of secondary school. After that, there may be 4 years of college or university for those who can afford it, and have high enough grades. Enrollment levels drop dramatically after the primary level.

Famous Personalities

Barack Hussein Obama II President: USA

Famous Personalities
Wincatherine Nyambura Ndereba Atheletics World Champion Silver Medalist 2004 and 2008 Olympics

Famous Personalities

Mohamed "Mo" Amin World-Renowned cameraman World Class Photographer

Kenyan Foods
Ugali (Cornmeal Porridge) being considered the national dish.

Kenyan Foods
Irio (Mashed Peas and Potato Mix)

Kenyan Foods

Githeri (Beans and Corn)

Literature

Author of the book: Weep Not, Child

Literature
Author of The In-Between World of Vikram Lall Giller Prize winner in 2003.