Industrial training East Central Railway, Mughalsarai

BY PRERANA ROLL NO-1013331908 B.TECH (ECE)FINAL YEAR N.I.E.T. GR.NOIDA(U.P.)

Mughalsarai Division
ECR Network

CONTENTS
Structure of GSM.

Introduction of Indian railway.
Introduction to GSM.

Specification of GSM. GSM Application. Conclusion .

Advantage & disadvantage of GSM.

Introduction of Indian railway
Railways were first introduced to India in 1853

from Mumbai to Thane. Indian Railways is the world's fourth largest commercial or utility employer, by number of employees, with over 1.4 million employees.  There are a total of sixty-eight divisions. Each of the sixteen zones is headed by a General Manager .
Mughalsarai enjoyed the position of the largest

railway marshalling yard of Asia.

Introduction to GSM

Stand for “GLOBAL SYSTEM FOR MOBILE

COMMUNICATION”. Develop by conference of European post telecommunication(CEPT). There are 36 GSM network in 22 countries.
 Frequency band

Uplink Downlink

890 - 915 MHz 935 - 960MHz

GSM-R features (Railways Environment)

• Railway Emergency Call
 • • • •

Voice Broadcast Call Voice Group Call Pre emption Functional Addressing Location Dependent Addressing

GSM Structure

Detail of GSM diagram
It is divided into three parts. The first part is MOBILE SECTION. The second part is known as the base station sub

system. The third part is network subsystem.

MOBILE SECTION
information to activate the phone.

 SIM [subscriber identity module]  Protected by a password or PIN.  Can be moved from phone to phone –contains key
 The SIM contains subscriber information and International Mobile

Subscriber Identity (IMSI). It contains elementary files specific for GSM-R in addition to normal GSM files

 ME [mobile equipment]. Two types of Mobile Equipments:

i) Operational Purpose Handheld(OPH) ii) General purpose Handheld(GPH) OPH has additional dedicated button for Railway emergency call. OPH for drivers and guards of train. GPH for trackside maintenance and administrative personnel

Base Station Sub system (BSS)
BTS [base transreceiver station].  Communicate with mobile station and BSC.

 Consists of transceivers

BSC [base station controller].  Handover for each MS.  Radio power control.  It communicate with MSC and BTS.

NETWORK SUBSYSTEM
 HLR [home location register].

 Permanent database about mobile subscribers in a large service area

(generally one per GSM network operator).  VLR [visitor location register ]  Control those mobiles roaming in its area.  MSC [mobile service switching center].  Heart of network call routing.  EIR [equipment identity register].  Made up of three sub classes :the write list ,the black list and grey list.
 AUC [authentication center].

Advantage of GSM

Better voice quality and low cost alternative to making

calls. International roaming. Delivering mobile data. Offering greater network capacity.

GSM Application
Mobile telephony. GSM-R.

Telemetry system..

Value added services.

Emergency by Controller

Emergency! OK

Emergency!

Controller
Emergency! OK

OK

conclusion
till 2012.

GSM is making our life easy .

Long distance call charges to fall further.

High growth in mobile internet & broad band foreseen