# Chapter 19: Flexible Machine Elements

Scientists study the world as it is; engineers create the world that has never been. Theodore von Karmen

Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements

Flat Belt

Figure 19.1 Dimensions, angles of contact, and center distance of open flat belt.
Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements

Weighted Idler Figure 19. Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .2 Weighted idler used to maintain desired belt tension.

belt. Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .Synchronous Belt Figure 19.3 Synchronous. or timing.

V-Belt in Groove Figure 19.4 V-belt in sheave groove. Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .

1 Overload service factors f1 for various types of driven unit. Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .Overload Service Factors Table 19.

2 Recommended minimum pitch diameters of pulley for three belt sizes. Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .Pulley Design Considerations Table 19.3 Recommended pulley dimensions in inches for three electric motor sizes. Table 19.

4 Arc correction factor for various angle of loss in arc of contact. Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .Arc Correction Factor Table 19.

Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .Power Ratings for V-Belts Table 19.5 Power ratings for light-duty V-belts. (a) 2L section with wt = 1/4 in and ht=1/8 in.

5 Power ratings for light-duty V-belts.Power Ratings for V-Belts (cont.) Table 19. Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements . (b) 3L section with wt = 3/8 in and ht=1/4 in.

) Table 19.5 Power ratings for light-duty V-belts. (c) 4L section with wt = 1/2 in and ht=9/32 in.Power Ratings for V-Belts (cont. Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .

Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .6 Center distances for various pitch diameters of driver and driven pulleys. (a) 3L type of V-Belt.Center Distance for V-Belts Table 19.

6 Center distances for various pitch diameters of driver and driven pulleys. (b) 4L type of V-Belt. Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .Center Distance for V-Belts (cont.) Table 19.

Wire Rope Figure 19. Figure 19.6 Two lays of wire rope.5 Cross-section of wire rope. (b) regular. Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements . (a) Lang.

Wire Rope Data Table 19.7 Wire rope data. Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .

Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .8 Minimum safety factors for a variety of wire rope applications.Minimum Safety Factors Table 19.

Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements . Figure 19.7 Percent strength loss in wire rope for different D/d ratios.8 Service life for different D/d ratios.Effect of D/d Ratio Figure 19.

Allowable Bearing Pressures Table 19. Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .9 Maximum allowable bearing pressures for various sleeve materials and types of rope.

Rolling Chains Figure 19. Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements . Figure 19.10 Chordal rise in rolling chains.9 Various parts of rolling chain.

10 Standard sizes and strengths of rolling chains. Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .Strength of Rolling Chains Table 19.

Chain Power Ratings Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .

Rolling Chain Data Table 19.12 Service factors for rolling chains. Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .

11 Typical dragline.Dragline Figure 19. Hamrock • Fundamentals of Machine Elements .