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Background of the study With the increasing impact of natural disasters brought by climate change, there is an increasing need for a disaster-resistant housing especially in those countries that are located in the pacific region which is usually stricken by natural disaster just like the Philippines
with the sudden increase in population that results for a greater demand for housing. therefore there is a need to look for an alternative way to construct buildings using another kind of building material that is very common . it leads to a depletion of resources in housing materials. houses are easily prone to destruction which is one of the main problems of the people.And in these countries. Moreover.
protective barriers and for flood control. . It have long been used for creating strong. Earthbag is an innovative building technology being built increasingly around the world.Earthbags are a potential solution to these problems.
. and immune to rotting. They are made out of polypropylene. And the fill materials is considered to be very common and easy to find. which makes them resistant to degradation over time.The same reasons that make them useful for these applications carry over to creating housing.
Therefore it is in the above regard that this study will be conducted to investigate the properties of polypropylene earthbags. and evaluate their potential as an alternative building material for sustainable structure and possible disaster relief housing. .Statement of the Problem One of the greatest needs in the world is disaster-resistant housing and an alternative building material for sustainable structure.
Specifically. . the study intends to: 1. 2. Determine the tensile strength of the polypropylene earthbags. . Determine the compressive strength of the polypropylene earthbags.
Significance of the study The result of this study might show that polypropylene earthbags have the potential as an alternative building material for sustainable structure and possible disaster relief housing .
Scope and limitations of the study The study will be focused on the material properties. . specifically on its compressive and tensile strength. of polypropylene earthbags.
a frequently used material in consumer goods and some industrial applications. . Polypropylene bags-are bags made from the synthetic plastic polymer polypropylene. It is used because it is strong. flexible and can be made transparent.Definition of Terms Earthbags-are woven polypropylene that comes either in cut bags or un cut tube rolls.
.the resistance of a material to a force tending to tear it apart.refers to a structure and using process that is environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building life cycle. Compressive strength. Tensile strength. measured as the maximum tension the material can withstand without tearing.capacity of a material or structure to withstand axially directed pushing force Sustainable building.
such as flood protection and earth retaining systems. . . Their ability to be lifted by hand makes them versatile and manageable. and they can be filled with any granular material suitable for the particular application. have become very common through their usefulness in a wide variety of fields. since their invention in the 17th century for fortifying military defenses.REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Earthbags or commonly known as soilbags are woven polypropylene bags that come either in cut bags or uncut tube rolls.
Soilbags. Nevertheless. there are advantages to using quality controlled soilbags(wrapping soils in a particular type of bag) as earth reinforcement. “Donow” in Japanese. are commonly used for embankment raising at times of flood and as temporary structures during reconstruction after disasters. especially the polyethylene(PE) bags that are extremely vulnerable to ultraviolet rays. Soilbags have rarely been applied to earth reinforcement because of the deterioration of bags after long exposure to sunlight. .
This is because. when a soilbag undergoes external force or building load. which in turn enhances the bearing capacity of the soilbag. It is interesting to see that soilbags have the ability to convert the external force which is the “enemy” of the foundations into the “friend” of the foundations using the actions of the tensile forces along the bags. external forces including the self-weight of buildings. tensile force occurs along the bag. . Analogously. will strengthen the foundations reinforced by soilbags.
The bearing capacity of the foundations will be greatly improved. Inspired by these unique characteristics. although a small amount of settlement still exist in the reinforced foundations. soilbags may be applied to soft foundation reinforcement. Wrapping soils in a particular type of bag is more effective and reliable than the commonly used horizontal sheet earth reinforcement. . The advantages of the quality-controlled soilbags may be summarizes as follows: .
such as crushed concrete. Soilbags thus contribute greatly to the recycling of waste materials . Bags are cheap and easy to acquire Soilbags have almost the same unit weight as foundation soils The materials inside soilbags can be various construction wastes. asphalt and tile wastes.
in comparison to the pile driving method that is commonly used in soft/weak foundation . No special construction equipment is required. Soilbags can be constructed solely by human labor Earth reinforcement using soilbags is environmentally friendly because cement and chemical agents are avoided Less noise and vibration are produced during construction.
(Matsuoka and Liu. Wrapping frictional earth materials in a bag is an innovative idea. 2003) . In comparison with steel and concrete. quality controlled soilbags may be widely used in earth reinforcement. the materials used in soilbag construction are flexible and environmentally friendly. Soils are essentially frictional materials. Therefore.
On the other hand. Gathering of materials The polypropylene bag with a size of 50cm by 90cm will be bought in the local market and the fill materials like sand. gravel. mixed sand and gravel and soil will be collected from a stockpile located at Brgy.METHODOLOGY 1. . the materials that will be used as an anchor for the determination of the tensile strength and the straw that will be used in sealing the polypropylene bag will be bought in the construction supply. 10 Sarrat Ilocos Norte.
insert the 2-9mm steel bar on the both ends of the 2”x3”x1 ½’ lumber(figure 1) then place it inside the polypropylene bag allowing the steel bar to come out of the sides of the polypropylene bag. ◦ First. 9mm RSB .2. Preparation of samples Samples for the determination of the tensile strength using pull-out test.
mixed sand and gravel and soil. Prepare 3 samples for each fill. Then seal the bag using the straw.Do this on the other side of the polypropylene bag. gravel. (figure 2. Polypropylene bag .) Then fill the bags with sand.
gravel. .Samples for the determination of the compressive strength using compression test Fill the bags with sand. Then seal the bag using the straw. mixed sand and gravel and soil. Prepare 9 samples for each fill.
Do the same procedure in the other samples of different fills. On the other side of the bag tie a rope on the both ends of the 2-9mm steel bar and attached it to a fixed support (figure 3). Then perform the pull-out test using the UTM.3 Testing of samples Pull-out test After sealing the bag tie a rope on both ends of the 2-9mm steel bar and attach it to the universal testing machine(UTM). .
. Do the same procedure in the other remaining samples of different fill. Compression test After sealing the bag place 3 samples of the same fill piled up together in the UTM and perform the compression test.