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A PROJECT ON TRIANGULAR PATCH ANTENNA USING PROBE FEED OF 2.4 G.HZ.

FREQUENCY
SUBMITTED BY:BISHWAJEET KR. JHA DIVYANAND BALRAM JAT E.C.E. 4th YEAR 7th SEM.

DEFINITIONS
What is an antenna?

An antenna is a device that:

Converts RF power applied to its feed point into electromagnetic radiation. Intercepts energy from a passing electromagnetic radiation, which then appears as RF voltage across the antenna’s feed point.

It is a system of elevated conductors which couples or matches the transmitter or receiver to free space.

What is patch antenna ?

A patch antenna as its name attribute to the fact that it consists of a single metal patch suspended over a ground plane. The following drawing shows a patch antenna in its basic form: a flat plate over a ground plane (usually a PC board). The center conductor of a coax serves as the feed probe to couple electromagnetic energy in and/or out of the patch. The electric field distribution of a rectangular patch excited in its fundamental mode is also indicated.

The assembly is usually contained inside a plastic radome, which protects the antenna structure from damage as well as concealing its essential simplicity. Patch antennas are simple to fabricate and easy to modify and customize. A patch antenna is generally constructed on a dielectric substrate, usually employing the same sort of lithographic patterning used to fabricate .

What is practical importance of 2.4 and 5.8 G.Hz. frequencies ?

2.4 G.Hz. frequency is the standard frequency for Bluetooth communication. 5.8 G.Hz. frequency is the standard frequency for Wireless LAN communication.

TRIANGULAR PATCH ANTENNA

RETURN LOSS OF TRIANGULAR PATCH ANTENNA as obtained from HFSS SOFTWARE

ADVANTAGES OF PATCH ANTENNA


The advantages of patch antenna over general antenna are :it is lightweight, is inexpensive, and is easy to integrate with accompanying electronics.

ANALYSIS OF HFSS SOFTWARE
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The name HFSS stands for High Frequency Structure Simulator. Ansoft pioneered the HFSS Software. HFSS allows us to solve any arbitrary 3D geometry, especially those with complex curves and shapes, in a fraction of the time it would take using other techniques. Ansoft HFSS can be used to calculate parameters such as SParameters, Resonant Frequency, and Fields. Typical uses :PCB Board Modeling Antenna /Mobile Communications Waveguide and Filters design.

FUTURE APPLICATIONS :-

TRIANGULAR PATCH AS MICROSTRIP CIRCUIT ELEMENTS TRIANGULAR PATCH AS MICROSTRIP RADIATORS TRIANGULAR PATCH FOR ARRAY DESIGNS