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ELEMENTS OF LOGISTICS AND SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

K.P.B.Hinduja College of Commerce

TRANSPORTATION AND Click to edit Master subtitle style INFRASTRUCTURE Name: Gaurangi Awad Roll No.: 29 TY-BMS A
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INTRODUCTION:

The backbone of the entire supply chain management is the transportation management. Transportation management covers the areas of shipment routing, freight cost management, shipment tracking, carrier selection and parcel management. It becomes possible to achieve the seven Rs :

The right product in the right quantity and right condition, at the right place, at the right time, for the right customer at the right 12/13/12 cost.

TRANSPORTATION COST
FIXED COST VARIABLE COST Product related Market related

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D E N S IT Y

S I Z E/ S H A P E

S P A C E FI L LI N G C

D IF FI C U L T Y I N H

D is t a n c e t o c u st

G o v e r n m e n t r e

In t e r m o d e / in tr a

F r e i g h t t r a f fi

D o m es ti c/ In te rn at io n

S e a s o n e ff e ct

Transportation means movement of goods and persons from one place to another. It removes hindrances of place and time bycarrying goods and persons from one person to another.

Meaning of transportation:

Essentials features of transport system:


1. 2. 3. 4. Requires time Helpful to cover distances. Linkage between production and consumption. Involves huge cost.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Role of Transportation in Economic Development:


Widening of market. Increases the employment opportunities. It promotes industrialization. Discovery of new market. Advantage to agriculture.
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Sr Mode of Pictorial No. transpor display t


1) Roadways

Examples of Specialty goods carried


Almost anything -most popular like fast moving mode, best suited consumer for short goods, distances perishable -Container is best items, way to transport automobiles material on large with specially scale in safe way designed vehicles Heavy and -dominate bulky goods and international suitable for transportation products with long lead times

2)

Water carriers

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4) Airlines

Highly perishable items, high value items, critical maintenance items

-suitable for emergency item for some specific requirements of urgent needs.

5) Pipeline s

Gas, water , -continuous petroleum, flow of product slurry etc available

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Modes of Transport: Land transport Water transport Rail transport Air transport Pipelines Selection of mode of Transport: On the basis of -Speed Click to edit Master subtitle style -Regularity -Cost -Safety

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MIXED MODES OF TRANSPORT:


Mixed-mode commuting refers to the practice of using two or more modes of transportation. Examples: 1. Piggyback or TOFC(trailer on flatcar) or COFC(container on flatcar) :
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First By ROADWAY

then

by RAILWAY

2.FISHYBACK : roadway combines with waterway. The truck or trailer travels on the ship for a portion of its journey.

Modal characteristics and selection of transportation mode:


1. Cost Responsiveness 2. Transit time 3. Safety 4. Reliability 5. Claims 12/13/12 record 6. 7. Speed 8. Capability 9. Accessibility

Meaning of Infrastructure: Infrastructure is the basic


v

physical and organizational structures needed for the operation of a society or enterprise, or the services and facilities necessary for an economy to function. The major infrastructure in India involve Roads, Road freight industry, Railways, Ports, Shipping and Pipelines.

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ROAD NETWORK:
*India has a road network of over 4.32millionkilometers in 2011,the third largest road network in the world. *India's road network carries over 65 percent of its freight and about 85 percent of passenger traffic. Upgrading of roads by way of widening of carriageways, improved widening of surface quality, carriageways, strengthening or reconstruction surface improved of old/weak bridges etc has quality, 12/13/12

PORTS:

India has a long coastline, spanning 7517 kilometers, forming one of the biggest peninsulas in the world. It is serviced by 13 major ports (12 government and 1 corporate) and 187 notified minor and intermediate ports.

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RAILWAYS:

Indian railways is one of the world's largest railway networks comprising 1,15,000 km of track over a route of 65,000km and 7,500 stations. IR carries about 7,500 million passengers annually or more than 20 million passengers daily (more than a half of which are suburban passengers) and 2.8 million tons of freight daily. In 2011-2012 12/13/12 Indian Railways earned 104,278.79 crore which

CHALLENGES:

Indias roads are congested and of poor quality.

Rural areas have poor access.

The railways are facing severe capacity constraints.

Urban centres are severely congested.

Ports are congested and inefficient.


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KEY GOVERNMENT STRATEGIES: National Highway Launching the ambitious

Development Program which has seven phases and is expected to be completed by 2012. It includes improved connectivity between Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata, popularly called the Golden Quadrilateral. Accelerated Road Development Program for the North East Region to provide road connectivity to all State capitals and district headquarters in the region.

Improving rural access by launching the Pradhan Mantri 12/13/12 Gram Sadak Yojana (Prime Ministers Rural

Improving urban transport under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM). Upgrading infrastructure and connectivity in the country's twelve major ports by initiating the National Maritime Development Program (NMDP). Privatization and expansion of the Mumbai and New Delhi Airports and development of new international airports at Hyderabad and Bangalore. 12/13/12

World Bank Support:

The World Bank has been a major investor in the transport sector in India. At present, it has ten projects in transport portfolio which include seven state road projects and one each for national highway, rural road and urban transport with total loan commitments for the transport sector in India as US$3.48 billion.
The main activities include:

National Highway Development Project Rural Roads Program State Roads Projects Mumbai 12/13/12 Urban Transport Project

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LATEST INFRASTRUCTURES IN INDIA: BANDRA-WORLI SEALINK (RAJIV GANDHI


SEALINK)

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METRORAIL:

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EXPRESSWAYS:

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