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Submitted By: Bhavna Arya
•Smallest continent but sixth largest country •World’s largest island •Located in Southern Hemisphere surrounded by Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean •Total Area •Coastline •Capital •Largest city •Currency •Independence •Government •Coordinates 7,686,850 sq km 25,760 km Canberra Sydney Australian Dollar from United Kingdom Federal Parliamentary Democracy and Constitutional Monarchy 27oS 144oE
•Christianity is main religion and Hindu. . •Median age of population is 39.Muslims and the Buddhist form the minorities. •Population density is 2.km.religion and countries live here. •Estimated population is about 20 million.6 years.6 persons/sq.POPULATION •People of different races.
1% 1.264.082 19.863 6.764.3% 6.170.881.802 67.709 13.6% 2.031.589 1.936.806 .CENSUS 2006 Total population 0-14 years males females 15-64 years males females 65 years and over males females 20.478.313 1.
85 migrations/1000 population .51 deaths/1000 population Net migration rate 3.14 births/1000 population Death rate 7.CENSUS 2006 Birth Rate 12.
POPULATION STRUCTURE .
5%(June 2009) 11. •Fiscal Year •GDP(2008) •GDP Growth(2009) •GDP distribution •Inflation •Labour Force Agriculture Industries Services 1st july-30th june.44 million(May 2009) 3.AUSTRALIAN ECONOMY •World’s 14th largest economy by nominal GDP.8% 1.2%.Industries 24.3% 75.1% . US$ 824.9billion Q2 0.6% 21.6% Service 72%.Agricultural 3.
technical and other business services. up 14.3 billion. Gold. Manufactures rose 3 per cent to $45. exports of Primary products increased 11. up 37.3 per cent to $12.1 per cent to $51.6 billion.5 per cent to $21.9 billion) Iron ore ($21. included Coal.4 billion)– Education services ($14. up 23.9 billion. Coal ($24.3 billion and exports of Services increased 11. Crude petroleum.1 billion.2 billion. up 25. Exports of major items recording strong growth in 200708.4 per cent to $14. 65% of total exports. and Gold ($12. and Professional.8 per cent to $9.3 per cent to $21. Iron ore. up 13.8 per cent to $6.3 per cent to $114. . up 17.2 billion).0 billion.EXPORTS In 2007-08.3 billion) were Australia’s largest individual export items. Other merchandise exports fell 1.3 billion.3 billion. Agriculture contribute appr. Education services.8 per cent to $24.4 billion.
imports of Primary products increased 27. Imports of Crude petroleum increased 28. Personal travel services (excl education) ($14.7 billion).9 per cent to $7. Manufactures increased 7. education) were up 13.IMPORTS In 2007-08.3 per cent to $14. Other merchandise imports rose 40.2 billion.5 per cent to $50.1 per cent to $16.3 per cent to $42.2 billion) and Refined petroleum ($12.8 per cent to $12.7 billion.1 billion.8 billion.9 per cent to $15.1 billion). Passenger motor vehicles ($15. imports of Refined petroleum rose 57.5 billion.0 billion. imports of Personal travel services (excl. Passenger motor vehicles imports were up 13. Crude petroleum ($16.1 billion) were Australia’s largest import items.9 billion and imports of Services rose 12.1 per cent to $151.1 billion and .
450 944 202.044 1.498 10.325 7.960 8.602 9.288 -3.723 2.186 South Korea USA New Zealand India UK Germany Switzerland .857 34.126 -1.451 15.129 -21.722 -189 -9.679 30.240 10.606 8.034 14.967 27.076 -13.994 6.307 19.163 24.Country Total Japan China Key import/export data (financial year 2007-08) in AU$ Exports Imports Balance 180.485 7.576 2.328 8.309 1.529 9.
. each with its own individual culture. belief structure.AUSTRALIAN CULTURE Belief system Indigenous Australia's oral tradition and religious values are based upon reverence for the land and a belief in this Dreamtime here were a great many different groups. and language.
and -Greek (1.1%).9%). .are two of the most important dates in the Christian calendar. . • Christmas and • Easter. • It is believed that there were between 200 and 300 Australian Aboriginal languages at the time of first European contact. -Italian (1. -70 of these languages have survived and -20 of these are now • New Year’s Day.4%).English • The next most common languages spoken at home are -Chinese (2. which is on 1 January every year.LANGUAGE $ FESTIVALS • Australia’s official language.
• • • Visual arts rock art and bark painting Traditionally. for Tiwi Islanders.music. For example. . dance and ceremony • Ceremonial performances are seen as the core of cultural life. songs. Aborigines have painted stories from their Dreamtime.ART & MUSIC • Performance .
• • • . Malay. one of the world’s most efficient agricultural nations. buffalo. crocodile and emu can often be found on menus. -Lamingtons -Pavlovas -Vegemite Northern Australian restaurants. Australia. Food & Cuisines • Italian. Chinese. Thai. Indonesian. Japanese. -Asian and European migrant influences. Australian fare has evolved with the distinct layers of flavours that each new culture has added.• Australia has one of the most diverse cuisines in the world. French and Vietnamese restaurants are common in the capital cities. Greek. where kangaroo.
AUSTRALIA Of SPECIALITIES .
His top score 452 at the Sydney Cricket Ground in 1929 has . cricket.. Today.SPORTS The game Australian Football League or Aussie Rules. among them the legendary Donald Bradman. many internationally recognized star players have emerged. is a unique combination of Rugby and Gaelic Football. the AFL grand final is one of the greatest sporting events in Australia Australians also welcome.
and the south coastline of Western Australia.SURFING Surfing has always best surfing to be found in Australia includes the Manly and Bondi Beach in New South Wales. Surfers Paradise at the southern Queensland coast. Bushwalking is another favorite activity for Australians Since a long time ago. skiing has been a popular winter sport for many . Bells Beach in Victoria.
SPECIAL FORCE The SASR are Australia's best known and most elite special forces. and it is hands down the most difficult to get into. There selection process is the most arduous of all. .
Famous people of Australia • SIR DON BRADMAN ersally regarded as the greatest cricket player of all time and one of Australia's greatest popular heroes famous cricketer also holds other awards. including Sportsman of the Century. Wisden Cricketer of the Century ptain of the Australian Cricket Team of the Century minated in the top ten world sports figures of the century .
KYLIE MINOGUE us for : Overcoming cancer at a young age and being famous worldwide NICOLE KIDMAN Famous australian actress RUSSEL CROWE The most notable achievement of Russell Crowe was the Best Actor award for. the film Gladiator in the year 2000 HEATH LEDGER Famous for winning BAFTA and GOLDEN GLOBE AWARDS .
ught his first venomous snake (a Common Brown) at the tender age of six mily! Steve and Terri are the world’s original Wildlife Warriors. especially reptiles.Steve Irwin-The crocodile hunter ve grew up loving all wildlife. . d Robert rwin Day on November 15 . ey’ve passed on their passion and sense of adventure to their two children.an international and annual event to celebrate the nary life of one and only crocodile hunter.
businessman and aviator He is the founder of Dick Smith Electronics. Dick Smith Foods and Australian Geographic. First person to solo flight a helicopter around the world (1983 ected as the 1986 Australian of the Year .Dick Smith an Australian entrepreneur.
Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet.Robin Warren and Peter Doherty. Barry Marshall. Dr. John Carew Eccles. .Noble Prize Winners • There are a number of noble prize winners of Australia who are Sir Howard Florey. J.
Australia ) .10 must see landmarks in Australia 1. Sydney Opera House (Sydney.
2. New South Wales) . Sydney Harbor Bridge (Sydney.
Northern Territory) .3. Uluru/Ayers Rock (Uluru ? Kata Tjuta National Park.
4. Australia) . Great Barrier Reef (coast of Queensland.
5. Royal Botanic Gardens (Sydney. Australia) .
6. Port Arthur (Tasmania) .
7. Coober Pedy (South Australia) .
Kangaroo Island (South Australia) .8.
9. Western Australia) . The Bungle Bungles (Purnululu National Park.
Queensland) . Castle Hill (Townsville.10.