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COMPARISION OF LNG VAPORIZERS IN PLL

TYPES OF LNG VAPORIZERS AROUND THE WORLD

Open Rack Vaporizer (ORV)

Submerged Combustion Vaporizer (SCV)

TYPES OF LNG VAPORIZER

Direct Forced Draft Ambient Air Vaporizer

Ambient Air Heat Exchanger with Heat Transfer Fluid (AAV-HTF)

Direct Natural draft Ambient Air Vaporizer (AAV)

VAPORIZER IN PLL
SHELL AND TUBE VAPORIZER
SUBMERGED COMBUSTION VAPORIZER E-109

SHELL AND TUBE VAPORIZER

AIR HEATERS

NG

COLD GW WATER

GW PUMP

WARM GW WATER

LNG

SHELL AND TUBE VAPORIZER E-104A/G E-105A/G (Units-14)


SHELL SIDE (ETHYLENE GYLCOL) INLET TOTAL FLOW(t/hr) OPERATING TEMPERTURE (C) DESIGN TEMPERATURE(C) 16 2 -165/60 OUTLET 1187.3 -156 0 -165/60 INLET TUBE SIDE (LNG) OUTLET 88.175

OPERATING PRESSURE (barG) DESIGN PRESSURE (barG)

2.5 10

91.8 130

SUBMERGED COMBUSTION VAPORIZER

E-107A/B & E-106A/B UNITS -4

COGEN MODE

BLOWER HOT WATER PUMP

BURNER MODE

FUEL GAS CONSUMPTION

BLOWER

BURNER

COMBINED COGEN MODE

SCV PRINCIPLE
The SCV system uses natural gas/ hot water from CPP as its heat source and requires electrical power to operate combustion air blowers and circulating water pumps.
LNG is routed to a stainless steel tube bundle that is submerged in a water bath.

Transfer of heat takes place from gas water mixture to the tube coil & then to process fluid.

PARAMETERS
Design Pressure: 130 barg Design Temp: 165/45 DegC
DESIGN CONDITIONS FUEL GAS CONDITIONS

Fuel Gas Design Pressure: 8 barg Fuel Gas Max Flow rate : 1200 kg/hr.

AIR CONDITIONS

CAPACITY

Excess air:20% at max firing rate. Max combustion air Flow rate: 30,100 kg/hr.

LNG Vaporizer capacity: 100,000 kg/hr

E-109

HW

NG

HW PLATE AND FIN EXCHANGER GW PUMP


COLD GW WATER

WARM GW WATER

LNG

PARAMETERS
SHELL SIDE (ETHYLENE GYLCOL) INLET OUTLET INLET TUBE SIDE (LNG) OUTLET

TOTAL FLOW(t/hr)
OPERATING TEMPERTURE (C) DESIGN TEMPERATURE(C) 90

247.3
12 -153.6

99.35
0

-165/173

-165/173

OPERATING PRESSURE (barG)


DESIGN PRESSURE (barG)

5.14
10

60
130

COST/ENERGY CALCULATIONS OF VAPORIZERS


REVIEW POWER CONSUMPTION.docx

POWER/COST CALCULATIONS
EQUIPMENT NAME TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION PER DAY(Kwh) OPERATIONAL COST PER DAY (Rs) CAPITAL COST (per vaporizer)

STV (PHASE-1)

12,048

35,023.53

18 cr

STV (PHASE-2)

12,288

35,721.21

20 cr

SCV(COGEN)

10,248

29,790.93 31.25 Cr

SCV(BURNER) (Phase-1)

7080+ Rs 233,304 2880

253,885.00

E-109

8,372.16

OUTPUT COMPARISION
EQUIPMENTS OUTPUT FLOWRATE (ton/hr) 88.175 88.175 100 PER DAY OUTPUT FLOWRATE (ton/DAY) 2116.2 2116.2 2400 FLOWRATE (MMBTU/DAY) OUTPUT GAS PRICE/Day 29,854,143 29,854,143 33,858,000

STV(PHASE-1) STV(PHASE-2) SCV(COGEN) (PHASE-1) SCV(BURNER) (PHASE-1) E-109

100,519.5 100,519.5 114,000

100

2400

114,000

33,858,000

99.35

2384.4

122,550

36,397,350

BREAKEVEN ANALYSIS

STV
24 dayz for breakeven

SCV(cogen)

38 dayz for breakeven

CONCLUSION
VAPORIZATION TECHNOLOGY TECHNICAL RISKS ENVIORNMENT AL CONCERS COSTS (CAPITAL) COSTS (OPERTING) OPERABILITY & MAINTENANCE LAYOUT ISSUES

SUBMERGED COMBUSTION VAPORIZATION

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OO

O O O

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O O O

O O O

O O

SHELL AND TUBE VAPORIZTION


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O O O

OO

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OO

OO

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O O O

OO

E-109

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O O O

O O O

O O O

OO