Reading & Reading Comprehension

A Developing Skills Workshop

Presented by Limor Cohen Nafatli – The IACC, Department of Learning
___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC, Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop

What is reading comprehension?
Understanding a written text: Extracting the required information from it as efficiently as possible

___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC, Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop

Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop .What do we read? • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Novels Short stories Tales Essays Diaries Anecdotes Biographies Poems Limericks Nursery rhymes Letters Postcards Telegrams Notes Newspapers Magazines •Reports •Reviews •Instructions •Directions •Legends •Maps •Summaries •Pamphlets •Handbooks •Textbooks •Notices •Rules & regulations •Posters •Signs •Forms •Graffiti •Menus •Statistics •Diagrams •Flow charts •Pie charts •Time-tables •Telephone directories •Phrasebooks •Dictionaries •And… •Guidebooks •Recipes •Advertisements •Travel brochures •Catalogues •Puzzles •Problems •Game rules •Price lists Tickets Comic strips Cartoons & caricatures ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC.

Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop .There are 2 main reasons for reading: • Reading for pleasure • Reading for information: – To find out something – To do something with the information you get ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC.

How do we read – the main ways of reading are: • Skimming: quickly running one’s eyes over the text • Scanning: quickly going through a text to find specific information • Extensive reading: reading long texts » Reading for pleasure • Intensive reading: reading short texts to extract information » Reading for detail ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC. Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop .

Skills involved when reading: • • • • • • • Recognizing Understanding information Interpreting Transcoding information Scanning Skimming Identifying the main point ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC. Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop .

Give flexible and varied exercises. listening and speaking. predicting. checking. Define the aim of the exercise given.responding to what is read. . 5. Make a clear distinction between teaching and testing/ ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC. 7. Use authentic texts 3. Start with global understanding of the text and afterwards move towards detailed understanding: – Builds students’ confidence – Develops awareness of how texts are organized – Encourages to find out what is in the text 2. Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop . asking questions. 6.Developing reading skills – how to? 1. Do not separate reading comprehension from other skills such as writing. Present reading is an active skill: guessing. 4.

where it appeared… Skim through the text to see if you were right Ask questions referring to the content of the text Reread the text – answer the questions asked ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC. who it is for. Make guesses: what the text is about. who wrote it. Encourage silent reading to develop efficient reading strategies – – – – – – Consider the text as a whole Accompany pictures. Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop . diagrams.What can we do in the classroom? 1.

Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop . groups – A general discussion involving the whole class ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC. The students should time themselves • Record their speed on a chart 3.2. Encourage comparisons between different interpretations and discussion – Silent reading followed by an individual activity – Comparisons in pairs.

types 1. •Inference – making use of syntactic.Reading comprehension exercise . logical and cultural clues to discover unknown elements •Understanding relations within the sentence – train to look first for the ‘core’ of the sentence: subject + verb •Linking sentences and ideas – recognizing connectors and reference words ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC. Sensitizing – develop strategies to cope with unfamiliar words and complex or obscure sentences. Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop .

Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop .2. From skimming to scanning •Predicting – predicting or guessing what is to come next •Previewing – specific reading technique using beyond the text information to find where the required information is likely to be •Anticipation – causing an expectation of the text •Skimming and scanning – from a general view of the whole text to a limited reading of the text ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC. Improving reading speed • Give students passages to read and ask them to time themselves 3.

How the aim is conveyed • Function of the text – why was it written • Organization of the text – the pattern of the text was chosen to alter the message • Thematization -order of the elements in a sentence ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC. Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop .

2. 4. 3. Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop . Use various types of questions Devise exercises in which there is no simple.Understanding meaning and content: 1. reacting to an advertisement… ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC. obvious answer Make the students active in the reading process Devise activities which are natural to the text: responding to a letter.

Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop .Assessing the text – the ability to evaluate the text: • Being aware of the writer’s intention: – Tone – Language used – Discuss and judge the ideas presented • Discriminating from facts and opinions ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC.

students choose the topics in which they wish to read about • Make the students think about the subject of the text – have them ask questions • Use pictures and titles for pre reading activities • Use key words of the text ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC.Make it friendly • Involve the students in the reading process • Before . Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop .

Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop .Don’t Forgets… • The teacher is the most important element in a successful reading class. In your class you can boost the value of reading by providing: Calm environment in which the students feel comfortable taking risks and trying new ways of reading Friendly pressure in the form of persuasion and timing A model for the kind of thinking that good reading requires Enough practice so the students can master new strategies Positive examples of how to approach a text An inspiring example of an enthusiastic reader ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC.

Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop . work quickly – the first guess is often the right one • Don’t use a dictionary – guess within context • Don’t translate – follow ideas Let’s • Add one more…….And always add thinking skills Guidelines for thinking skills exercises: • Do thinking skills exercises every week • Guess. practice! ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC.

• Before we finish – some questions ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC. Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop .

Reading is a constant process of guessing. ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC. Students should be taught to use what they know to understand unknown elements. What one brings to the text is often more important than what one finds in it. Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop .

Department of Learning Limor Cohen Naftali – Reading Comprehension Workshop .once again. Limor Cohen Naftali ___________________________________________________________________________________ The IACC.

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