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Introduction to Fluid Mechanics

Chapter 13 Compressible Flow

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Main Topics
Basic Equations for One-Dimensional Compressible Flow Isentropic Flow of an Ideal Gas Area Variation Flow in a Constant Area Duct with Friction Frictionless Flow in a Constant-Area Duct with Heat Exchange Normal Shocks Supersonic Channel Flow with Shocks Oblique Shocks and Expansion Waves
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Basic Equations for One-Dimensional Compressible Flow


Control Volume

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Basic Equations for One-Dimensional Compressible Flow


Continuity

Momentum

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Basic Equations for One-Dimensional Compressible Flow


First Law of Thermodynamics

Second Law of Thermodynamics

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Basic Equations for One-Dimensional Compressible Flow


Equation of State

Property Relations

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Isentropic Flow of an Ideal Gas Area Variation


Basic Equations for Isentropic Flow

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Isentropic Flow of an Ideal Gas Area Variation


Isentropic Flow

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Isentropic Flow of an Ideal Gas Area Variation


Subsonic, Supersonic, and Sonic Flows

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Isentropic Flow of an Ideal Gas Area Variation


Reference Stagnation and Critical Conditions for Isentropic Flow

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Isentropic Flow of an Ideal Gas Area Variation


Property Relations

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Isentropic Flow of an Ideal Gas Area Variation


Isentropic Flow in a Converging Nozzle

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Isentropic Flow of an Ideal Gas Area Variation


Isentropic Flow in a Converging Nozzle

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Isentropic Flow of an Ideal Gas Area Variation


Isentropic Flow in a Converging-Diverging Nozzle

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Isentropic Flow of an Ideal Gas Area Variation


Isentropic Flow in a Converging-Diverging Nozzle

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Flow in a Constant-Area Duct with Friction


Control Volume

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Flow in a Constant-Area Duct with Friction


Basic Equations for Adiabatic Flow

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Flow in a Constant-Area Duct with Friction


Adiabatic Flow: The Fanno Line

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Flow in a Constant-Area Duct with Friction


Fanno-Line Flow Functions for One-Dimensional Flow of an Ideal Gas

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Flow in a Constant-Area Duct with Friction


Fanno-Line Relations

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Flow in a Constant-Area Duct with Friction


Fanno-Line Relations (Continued)

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Frictionless Flow in a ConstantArea Duct with Heat Exchange


Control Volume

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Frictionless Flow in a ConstantArea Duct with Heat Exchange


Basic Equations for Flow with Heat Exchange

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Frictionless Flow in a ConstantArea Duct with Heat Exchange


Heat Exchange: The Rayleigh Line

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Frictionless Flow in a ConstantArea Duct with Heat Exchange


Rayleigh-Line Relations

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Normal Shocks
Control Volume

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Normal Shocks
Basic Equations for a Normal Shock

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Normal Shocks
Intersection of Fanno & Rayleigh Lines

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Normal Shocks
Normal Shock Relations

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Normal Shocks
Normal Shock Relations (Continued)

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Supersonic Channel Flow with Shocks


Flow in a Converging-Diverging Nozzle

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Oblique Shocks and Expansion Waves


Typical Application

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Oblique Shocks and Expansion Waves


Mach Angle and Oblique Shock Angle

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Oblique Shocks and Expansion Waves


Oblique Shock: Control Volume

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Oblique Shocks and Expansion Waves


Oblique Shock: Useful Formulas

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Oblique Shocks and Expansion Waves


Oblique Shock Relations

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Oblique Shocks and Expansion Waves


Oblique Shock Relations (Continued)

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Oblique Shocks and Expansion Waves


Oblique Shock: Deflection Angle

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Oblique Shocks and Expansion Waves


Oblique Shock: Deflection Angle

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Oblique Shocks and Expansion Waves


Expansion and Compression Waves

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Oblique Shocks and Expansion Waves


Expansion Wave: Control Volume

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Oblique Shocks and Expansion Waves


Expansion Wave: Prandtl-Meyer Expansion Function

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Oblique Shocks and Expansion Waves


Expansion Wave: Isentropic Relations

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