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Blu-ray Disc


R.Gopinath B.Muthukarthick

Why need of BD?

Blu-ray Disc, abbreviated as BD hereafter, a recording of an HDTV digital broadcast greater than two hours is needed. It was a big motivation for us to realize the recorder using the optical disc. This capacity is about 5 times that of DVDs.

and playback of highdefinition video Capable of storing information that the DVD and CD are not capable of holding Courtesy Blu-ray Disc Founders “Blu-ray Disc Format White Paper”   .DVD: digital BD: high-definition Enables recording. rewriting.Evolution  VHS: analog CD.

including the likes of Sony. Sharp. Samsung. an alliance was formed. and Royal Phillips  The “e” is intentionally left out of the name due to trademark restrictions  . called the Blu-ray Disc Association.Foundation Blu-ray disc (BD) is appropriately named after the blue laser used to write the data  The first blue laser was developed in 1996 by Shuji Nakamura (Nichia Corporation)  In 2002. Hewlett-Packard.

keeps the process more efficient (~5 mW) .      Single layer: 25 GB Dual layer: 50 GB Diameter: 120 mm Thickness: 1.2 mm Center hole diameter: 15 mm Uses GaN laser of wavelength 400 nm The smaller laser. compared to the DVD and CD.

BD-R and BD-RE: recordable formats (RE: rewritable.  BD-ROM: read-only format. R: recordable once)  . The power conservation allows the development of multi-layer platforms and high-speed recording.

the focusing power increases and the beam size decreases.  . Numerical Aperture measures the ability of a lens to gather and focus light. Phase change implies that the disc section is either an amorphous or crystalline state. As the numerical aperture increases. The reflectivity changes accordingly thus representing a binary bit.

Comparison: CD. . more precision and ultra high storage densities are made possible. DVD & Blu-ray Disc  Due to the fact that the data layer on a Blu-ray Disc is placed much “closer” to the laser lens than in DVD . Hence. there is less distortion resulting in significantly improved tolerances.

Recently the BDA has developed recorders that are BD/DVD/CD compatible.Compatibility    This issue has introduced a competitor. that based its technology around being compatible with the DVD. JVC has advanced the BD by developing a BD/DVD combo disc that stores both DVD and BD data. . It is composed of two DVD layers and a third BD layer storing 33. the HD-DVD.5 GB total.

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Pit size – 0.        Pits: spiral grooves that run from the centre of the disc to its edges Bumps: other sides of these edges.15 microns (more than twice as small as the pits on DVD) Track-pitch is: 0. Disc store digitally encoded data in PITS.32 microns Laser needed: blue-violet laser (405 nm) Data transfer rate: 36 Mbps . Track pitch: it is the distance between the two tracks (of pits) on the surface.

Audio Codec's Linear PCM (LPCM) Dolby Digital (DD) Video Codec's MPEG-2 MPEG 4-AVC  SMPTE VC-1  Dolby Digital Plus (DD+)  Dolby TrueHD DTS Digital Surround .

Features of BLU-RAY Disc ------------------------------------ MANUFACTURING  RECORDING PLAY BACK  .

Manufacturing * BD Cover Manufacturing Process .

Recording & Playback Block Diagram of BD Drive .

Modulation code and error correcting code FOR DIGITAL STORAGE SYSTEM .

If the broadcast has no copyright bit.  A Key Block and Disc ID are written into the ROM area to prevent illegal copying.  Uses the Data Encryption Standard (DES) that has a key length of 56 bits for key generating process.Protection System  HDTV contains a copyright bit that is detected by the BD recorder. then the BD recorder is allowed to store the information. .

.  The case increased the size of the disc drive. the prototype BD was enclosed in a case. Error rates increased in reading and writing after the original BD suffered scratches and fingerprints.  For protection.

.  An artificial fingerprint reagent is placed on the disc surface to resist fingerprint oils. A hard coat was derived of an ultraviolet-curable resin that has a scratch resistance similar to the DVD.

Portable)  Pc Drives  Universal players .Application of BD  BD-J BD players with Java platform as well as network connectivity leads to more primitive and rarely seamless.  Stand alone players(Recordable.

 Marvell introduced the new 88DE3010 HD soc to enable CE manufacturers to deliver a new generation. Features: Qdeo video processing low power consumption USB Ethernet .

 Look for BD with more than two layers as the technology is further refined.higher qualities with larger storage space.  The Blu-ray Tecnology is going to dominate the next decade  .  Audio and video .Future Expect the BD to become more prevalent once the HDTV market establishes its presence.

 Pioneer announced on August 5.Future(conti. 2009 .) Sony has made the Disc with size 200GB already. that they have got success in making BD with increased Disc Size of 500GB.  .

wikipedia.html?query= blu+ray+disc&searchtype        SearchBy=0&Word=blu+ray+disc .com/docs/424938/White-paper-GeneralBlu-ray-Disc-Format Technical specifications http://www. http://www.