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CONTENTS
Introduction UNIT I- ASMGCS UNIT II- RADAR SYSTEM UNIT III-TRANSMITTING STATION

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MAIN FUNCTIONS OF AAI

Control and management of the Indian air space extending beyond the territorial limits of the country. Provision of communication, navigation and surveillance aids. Design, development, operation and maintenance of passenger terminals. Manage airports, civil enclaves and 12/24/12 aeronautical communication.

Introduction

AAI manages 126 airports.

11 international airports.

89 domestic airports. 26 civil enclaves at Defense airfields.

Provides Air Traffic Management Services over entire Indian Air

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ATC (AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL)

Its primary purpose is to :organize and expedite the flow of traffic, provide information and other support for pilots when required. separate aircraft to prevent collisions.

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CNS/ATM

Communica tion,
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DIFFERENT PHASES OF FLIGHT

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AIRPORT SURFACE MOVEMENT GROUND CONTROL SYSTEM (A-SMGCS)

The A-SMGCS system provides air traffic controllers with a complete picture of the airport surface in all weather conditions.
A-SMGCS functions Detection of all the movements of aircrafts/vehicles etc . In the airfield, 12/24/12 runways and taxiways in all weather

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ASMGCS- fuses five types of data

Transponder multilateration (MLAT) Surface movement radar (SMR) Automatic Dependent SurveillanceBroadcast (ADS-B) Terminal Airport Radar (TAR) Flight Plan information

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SMR RANGE
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INTRODUCTION TO RADAR SYSTEM

RADAR Radio Detection And Ranging) is basically a means of gathering information about distant objects called 'targets' by sending electromagnetic waves at them and analyzing the returns called the echoes.
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Classifications of radars:

Primary Radars Secondary Radars

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Primary Radars

In primary radars, the cooperation of the target is not required to find the range, the position, the relative velocity of the target. In other words, the role of the target is said to be passive and is limited only to reflect the Radar signals back to the Radar.

Secondary Radars

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the active cooperation of targets is

RADAR SYSTEM AT IGIA


L BAN D
Radar data from ARSR Bijwasan

S BAND
Radar data from ASR

UHF LIN K Radar data RDPS

Optical fiber

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To ATCO Radar Display

Difference Between S-Band and L-Band RADAR


S-Band RADAR

L-Band RADAR

Detects echoes that are received from 0-60 nautical miles.

Detects echoes that are received from 0-220/250 nautical miles.

Frequency range : 2-4 GHZ. 12/24/12

Frequency range :12 GHZ.

L-BAND RADAR (BIJWASAN) & ATC (NATS, DELHI)

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APPLICATIONS OF RADARS

Air Traffic Control Aircraft Navigation Marine Navigation Military Applications Meteorological Applications

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Transmission Station
HF Communication

High frequency (HF) radio provides aircraft with an effective means of communication over long distance or oceanic regions.

HF RANGE AND PROPAGATION:

In the HF range (3 MHz to 30 MHz) radio waves propagate over long distances due to reflection from the ionized layers in the upper 12/24/12 atmosphere. It uses sky wave

HF TRANSMISSION
AIRCRAFT HF HF RECEIVER RECEIVER UHF /OF C LIN K ATCO UHF LINK

VOICE COMM

HF TXMISSIO N STATION

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COMMUNICATION AIR-GROUND

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THANK YOU

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