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PARTS OF SPEECH

PREPARED BY:
MS. NORAINI SAID
NOUNS
Nouns name a person, place, thing, idea, animal, quality, or
action.
The words a, an, and the signal that a noun is coming. (A
chair, the dog, an apple)

Here are a few nouns: dog, cats, women, Sally, justice,
strength, departure, apples, England, Califonia, Steve
Young, mice, school, beach, kindness, food

***Nouns can be made into plural nouns by adding –s /-es/-ies
 tree--------> trees
 house------> houses
 colour-------> colours

Nouns used in sentences are below:
 1. Judy and Chad made a cake.
 2. The moon is far away from the earth.
 3. His kindness was appreciated.
 4. The plane will depart in twenty minutes.
PRONOUNS:
 Pronouns are used instead of a noun in a sentence. They
act exactly like nouns.

 Here are some commonly used pronouns: I, me, my,
mine, myself, you, your, ours, yourself, he, him, his,
she, her, hers, it, its, we, us, our, they, them, their,
this, these, who, whom, whose, which, that, one,
ones, everybody, anyone

Let's see pronouns in some sentences:
1. They went to the store.
2. Bob gave the dog to her.
3. She thought the test was on Tuesday.
4. That dog is mine.
ADJECTIVES:
 Adjectives describe a noun or pronoun. They usually appear
immediately before the word they describe. They answer the
questions "Which one?", "What kind?", and "How many?"

 For example: shy, sleepy, cute, famous, historic, three,
young, old, good, bad, green, blue, funny, loud, cold,
sick, proud, warm, this, that

Here's some sentences using adjectives (the adjectives are
highlighted):

1. The brown dog slept until Tuesday.
2. The cold and wet snow was all over Suzzy's jacket.
3. A big, red truck is stuck in the muddy road.
4. Four people went to the small meeting.
VERBS:
Verbs show action, occurrence, or existence. They indicate
number, person, tense, voice, and mood. There are MANY
verbs, here's just a few: write, look, show, ask, run,
taking, walking, playing, throw, sit, see, go, be, are, is,
was, were, been, being, am, have, has, had, will, may

***If a word ends in -ing, there's a good chance it's a verb.

Let's identify the verbs in the following sentences:
1. We are hungry.
2. The dog barks at strangers.
3. We are going to the movies.
4. The babysitter watches the children.
ADVERBS:
 Adverbs describe a verb, adjective or another adverb. They
tell how and when. (Hint: Almost all words that end in -ly
are adverbs) Here are a few adverbs: rarely, soon, very,
too, never, practically, nearly, always, clearly,
almost, honestly, slowly, closely

Here are some sentences to help you better understand where
an adverb is used:

1. John wrote his name clearly on his test.
2. The dog quickly ate all of the cake.
3. After the game, coach was too angry to talk.
4. Jamie never told a lie.
PREPOSITIONS:
Prepositions link and relate a noun or pronoun to another word in the
sentence. They tell how, where, when, and how something
happens.

 Here are some examples to help you out:
 about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around,
at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides,
between, beyond, but, by, concerning, despite, down,
during, except, excepting, for, from, in, inside, into, like,
near, of, off, on, onto, out, outside, over, past, regarding,
round, since, through, throughout, till, to, toward, under,
underneath, until, up, upon, with, within, without

 Here are some sentences with the prepositions highlighted:

1. The man went into the house.
2. John hid under his bed.
3. Before class, Bill ate a cookie.
4. Since Christmas, Rachael has been happy.
CONJUNCTIONS:
Conjunctions are connectors. They connect things
like words and sentences. Some conjunctions
are: and, but, or, for, nor, so, yet, both-and,
either-or, neither-nor, not only-but also,
whether-or, because, if, since, until, when,
where, while

Here are some examples:

1. Sue and Bob went to the store.
2. It hasn't rained, so Joe is going fishing.
3. Is Hannah or Nancy going on the trip?
4. Both Cindy and Wendy are watching a movie.
INTERJECTIONS:
 Interjections are exclamations--attention getters. They're
used to make someone notice them and to show
excitement. They are usually followed by and exclamation
point (!) or sometimes a comma.

 Here are a few interjections (these are only common ones,
many others could be included): wow, ouch, oops, hey,
watch, oh, yes, no, move, stop, help

 Here are some sentences. Can you spot the interjections?
1. Ouch! Stop pinching me.
2. Yes, she did win the game.
3. Wow! That's a surprise.
4. Oh, you're going too?

* most interjections are followed by an exclamation point, and
almost all are located at the beginning of a sentence.
Source
 http://ellerbruch.nmu.edu/CS255/cusher/
partsofspeech