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Joseph Paxton

best known for designing The Crystal Palace.Sir Joseph Paxton (3 August 1803 – 8 June 1865) was an English gardener and architect. .

at Milton Bryan •He became a garden boy at the age of fifteen for Sir Gregory Osborne Page-Turner at Battlesden Park. . which was considered one of the finest landscaped gardens of the time. These were close to the gardens of William Cavendish. •The Duke frequently met the young gardener as he strolled in his gardens and became impressed with his skill and enthusiasm. •The Duke offered the 20-year-old Paxton the position of Head Gardener at Chatsworth. the seventh son of a farming family. near Woburn. 6th Duke of Devonshire at Cheswick House.•Paxton was born in 1803. he obtained a position in 1823 at the Horticultural Society's Chiswick Gardens. After several moves.

he is best remembered for his glass houses. a collection of conifers which developed into a 40-acre (160.•One of his first projects was to redesign the garden around the new north wing of the house and to set up a 'pinetum'. was moved from Kedleston Road in Derby. . Among several other large projects at Chatsworth. The largest. such as the Rock Garden. • In the process he became skilled in moving even mature trees.000 m2) arboretum which still exists. the Emperor Fountain and the rebuilding of Edensor village. weighing about eight tons.

All of these elements were pre-fabricated and. Paxton used hollow pillars to double up as drain pipes and designed a special rafter that also acted as an internal and external gutter. the conservatory design had a ridge-and-furrow roof to let in more light and drain rainwater away. could be produced in vast numbers and assembled into buildings of varied design. like modular buildings. Cunningly.Mterials he used With a cheap and light wooden frame. .

Generally considered a landscape gardener. . he designed a ridge and furrow roof which would be at right angles to the morning and evening sun. After some experimentation. with an ingenious frame design which would admit maximum light . His position in the House of Commons as Member of Parliament for the Coventry allowed Paxton to dedicate his later years to urban planning projects. Paxton's superiority in conservatory design earned him recognition as an innovative architect.•In 1832. Paxton developed an interest in glasshouses at Chatsworth where he designed a series of buildings with "forcing frames" for espalier trees.the forerunner of the modern greenhouse. •At the time the principles of using glass houses was in its infancy and those at Chatsworth were dilapidated.

Crystal Palace Aerial View of the Crystal Palace in 1934 .

Annie Paxton standing on a Victoria amazonica leaf in the lily house. . Paxton's design for the Crystal Palace took its cue from the organic structure of this plant.

• Details .

.The Great Conservatory was the test-bed for the prefabricated glass and iron structural techniques which Paxton pioneered and would employ for his masterpiece: The Crystal Palace of the Great Exhibition of 1851. These techniques were made physically possible by recent technological advances in the manufacture of both glass and cast iron. and financially possible by the dropping of a tax on glass.



also of Derby for the iron framework. •Quite unlike any other building. and cost just £79 800. •Paxton was assisted by Charles Fox. •It required 4 500 tons of iron.•The Palace was 1 848 feet long. In its construction. After the exhibition they were employed by the Crystal Palace Company to move it to Sydenham. •Yet it took 2 000 men just eight months to build. . 408 feet (124 m) wide and 108 feet (33 m) high. and William Cubitt Chairman of the Building Committee. 60 000 cubic feet of timber and needed over 293 000 panes of glass. All three were knighted. it was itself a demonstration of British technology in iron and glass.

Thank u Pravin Suthar 08-BCTG-08 .