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Mobile Practical Overview

The Site:

(1)The Shelter

(2)The Tower

{2} Tower:
(first ant. Or there are second ant.)

Microwave links:
(transmites the E1s to the rest of sites)

Types of towers :
1) Green field 2) Stub tower or Rooftop 3) Must 4) Monopole 5) Palm

Types of Towers:
1) Greenfield: 2) Stub tower:

3) Monopole:

4) Palm:

Types of Towers:
5) Mast :

(*) Antennas:
Theoretically: Omni-directional or Sectorial Practically: Alandeck , Kathrein & Power wave
(2 ports , 4 ports , 6 ports and 10 ports)

Antennas Orientations:
(60 , 180 & 300 are usually in urban areas)

Antennas Tilts:

(*) Mechanical Tilt (*) Electrical Tilt (*) Effective tilt = Elect.+ Mech.

Kathrein Antennas:

Mechanical and electrical tilt:

Electrical Tilt

Mechanical Tilt

Power wave Antenna:

6 Down E.T

4 Down E.T

2 Down electrical tilt

The New 10 ports Antenna:

The 10 ports antenna works instead of using two antennas for the same sector, ( 4ports for the GSM 900 , 4 ports for the GSM 1800 & 2 ports for the 3G)

Measuring the orientation of the Antenna:

1. Using the Binocular:

2. Using the Compass:

(*)Microwave links:
Its diameters ranges from 0.3m to 2.4m according to the distance to be covered. In Egypt: we rarely use 3.8m There must be a LOS between the two microwave links. If there is a NLOS between them then the site will be down The E1s are transferred through the microwave link. Every link has a RAU (Radio Access Unit) OR Two RAUs (one operating and the other is Standby) The RAU acts as the Modulator & the demodulator for the Incoming & the outgoing Signal.

A (1+1) Microwave link:



A (1+0) Microwave link:

Only 1 RAU

Used Programs
(1) OMT: (Operation & Maintenance Terminal)
(*) Used for checking the status of Site & CO cabinets (*) checking Diversity and VSWR

(2) Mini Link :

(*) Used for checking the status of the Microwave link

(3) RBS Element Manager :

(*) Used for checking the status of the 3G cabinet

(*) Multi-band power splitter: (*)Multi-band Indoor Omni directional antenna:

2G Outdoor Cabinet:
GSM 900, GSM 1800 or GSM 1900 Capacity of 12 transceivers (12 TRU) Weatherproof design Temperature (-33C up to +45C) Integrated 1 hour power backup or external battery cabinet External alarms available

3G Outdoor Cabinet:

RRH Cabinet


Huawei Outdoor Cabinets:

COW (Cell on Wheels):

Used as a temporary solution to provide Coverage or Capacity for certain duration (Events).

RBS (Radio Base Station) BTS (Base Transceiver Station) HUB : Used to be allocated in the TE Centrals. Hult the cabinet (To transfer the calls to other TRU) (Local Mode) Commissioning & Alignment Site (900 MHz) (for Mobinil) Site (900 MHz) (for Vodafone) DCS (1800 MHz) (for Mobinil) CO (1800 MHz) (for Vodafone) The IDB (Installation Database) Config. is 4 or 6 or 8 or 12 TRUs from (4+4+4) till (12+12+12) TRU (for Vodafone) DRI (for Mobinil) Site Master: used for the detection of the position of the VSWR alarm