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Dr. Elijah Ezendu
FIMC, FCIM, FIIAN, FBDI, FAAFM, FCCM, MIMIS, MITD, ACIArb, ACIPM, PhD, DocM, MBA, CWM, CBDA, CMA, MPM, PME, CMC
At the end of this course, participants should be able to do the following: i. Explain importance of CRM Strategy ii. Explain CRM development and implementation iii. Identify methods for aligning CRM Strategy to business model iv. Explain Customer Value Added and Customer Loyalty v. Conduct proper enterprise-wide implementation of customer-centricity
“70% of CRM initiatives fail”
Source: Cap Gemini Ernst & Young
“90% of enterprises cannot show a positive return on CRM”
Source: META Group
“75% of CRM initiatives fail to substantially impact the customer experience”
A CRM Strategy shows the intent of a firm concerning its customer base, pointing out how it shall acquire, maintain and retain customers through improvement in customer value deliverables as the way to enhance corporate performance.
CRM Strategy & Implementation Model
CRM Readiness Assessment
Process 1: Strategy Development
CRM Project Management
Process 2: Value Creation
Process 3: Multi-Channel Integration
Process 4: Information Management
Process 5: Performance Assessment
Source: Adrian Payne & Pennie Frow, Customer Relationship Management
CRM Change Management
. thereafter the best option shall be adopted as the CRM strategy and the right measures for performance shall be established.Strategy Development This involves development of CRM strategic options for achieving established CRM objectives for every targeted segment.
CRM Strategy .Strategy Development Process CRM vision stands as established customer value proposition effected through customer audit Target customer segments based on value Establish CRM objectives for every targeted segment Conduct capability analysis Develop CRM strategic options & evaluate them Choose the most appropriate CRM strategy & establish the right measures for performance Review Source: Elijah Ezendu.
Customer Asset Audit Customer Potential (Value to Company) Protect Key Position Invest to Protect Invest to Build Build Selectively Manage for Profitability Secure Invest to Win Damage Limitation Win the Opportunity Manage the Revenue Manage the Revenue Vulnerable Careful Management Manage for Revenue Consider Divesting Fragile Counter Large Share Competition of Wallet Manage Some potential Profitability Manage Transactional Profitability Highly Secure Source: Gartner Strength of Relationship (Value to Customer) .
CRM Investment Framework Maintain Efficiently Invest High Claimed Importance Hygiene Factors Motivators Trim Overspending Hidden Opportunities Study/ Invest Low Low Real Relevance High Adapted from Gartner .
.Interoperability of CRM Strategy The CRM Strategy must have a high level of interoperability with the Corporate Strategy and Competitive Strategy of the Business Portfolio.
Using McKinsey 7S Framework for Testing CRM Strategy Strategy Systems Structure Shared Values/ Subordinate Goals Staff Skills Style .
Action Points for Testing CRM Strategy • Examine each of the 7S. . • Ascertain the gap between the elements and the strategic fit. • Solution should be either to amend the elements accordingly or to alter the CRM strategy. • Identify the key success factors of each ‘S’.
. The focus of strategy is determination of position and codification of aims and objectives.Aligning CRM Strategy to Business Model It’s imperative to align CRM Strategy to a firm’s Business Model due to its role. The Business Model binds Business Strategy and Business Process together and functions as link between them. Business Model is the logic behind value generation. while business process captures and implements the strategy.
Business Logic Triangle Planning Level Business Strategy Business Model Architectural Level Implementation Level Business Process .
Customer Value Added “Customer value added approach is based on providing products and services to customers that are a greater value than they could expect from purchases from competitive companies in similar markets. Customers Are People .” Source: John McKean.
and ensuring effective communication of the standard to customers.The CVA Approach Customer value added facilitates proper customer relationship management through identification the suitable value proposition which is superior to the whole bundle of offering from competitors. CVA = Perceived worth of a business’s offer Perceived worth of a competitive offer .
CRM Strategy .Steps for Implementing CVA • Identify customer values • Identify competitors’ offers • Build customer values into firm’s offer to obtain firm’s interim offer • Compare firm’s interim offer to competitors offer • Identify value gaps • Use problem analysis tools to identify root causes • Use quality improvement tools for quality enhancement in order to set new standard of value proposition Source: Elijah Ezendu.
Branding to Breed Customer Value Proposition Ascertain vision (establish customer value proposition) Communicate the value proposition Determine the fitting culture for delivering the value proposition Establish clear cut identity that highlights both functional & emotional benefits to customers Establish a character to deliver the promised customer experience Develop personality and emotional elements of the value proposition Source: Elijah Ezendu. CRM Strategy .
Customer Loyalty Customer loyalty is aggregation of attitudes and emotional disposition developed in the course of interaction with value proposition either directly or indirectly. . such that a customer would tend to purchase a particular product/service over and over again.
Ladder of Loyalty Partner Advocate Supporter Client Purchaser Prospect Partner: Someone who has the relationship of partner with you. Payne & Ballantyne. who does your marketing for you. Prospect: Someone whom you believe may be persuaded to do business with you. Purchaser: Someone who has done business just once with your organisation. Source: Christopher. Supporter: Someone who likes your organisation. towards your organisation. Client: Someone who has done business with you on a repeat basis but may be negative. Relationship Marketing . Advocate: Someone who actively recommends you to others. but only supports you passively. or at best neutral.
following orders."There are ducks. and there are eagles." . The ducks run around the ground quacking all the time. Leading at a Higher Level . stating rules. doing what they are told and often pecking at other ducks.Ken Blanchard. Eagles soar high above to get the best perspective and decide what is best for the customer.
” .Craig Bailey & Kurt Jensen . while building mutually profitable relationships.What is Customer-Centricity? “Customer-centricity involves aligning organizational resources for effectively responding to the ever-changing needs of customers.
Aligning Organizational Resources Personnel Operating practices and procedures Systems (internal and external) Products and services .
Using communication tools and techniques for highlighting the firm’s progress in customer-centricity . Training every staff on customer-centricity.Aligning Personnel • • • • Recognizing and rewarding customer-centric behaviour. Ensuring that decision-making hinges on customers.
.Entrenching Customer-Centricity via Training cum Internalization Customer-centricity can be embedded on organizational processes through adequate training and modeling of interdepartmental transactions as depiction of customer relationships that require optimization.
Managing complex and taxing conversations. Identifying and exploiting opportunities.Focus of Training • Communicating effectively and building rapport. People and communication styles • • • .
.Requirements for Building Mutually Profitable Relationships Ascertainment of customer’s request Ensuring Profitability Find out repeatability of transaction Determination of feasible term of relationship.
Voice of The Customer Process • • • • • • Obtain customer’s pulse Involve the customer Analyze information Socialize results Implement customer-focused changes Respond to the Customer .
How to Obtain Customer’s Pulse Survey the Customer Interview the Customer Get information from customer-facing personnel Observe actions and behaviours of customers Embark on mystery shopping .
Three Different Faces of a Customer • • • Business decision-maker End-user of product or service Procurement function .
Customer Survey Transactional Surveys Focuses on measuring customer satisfaction with individual or collection of Interaction with firm. . Relationship Surveys Focuses on all aspects of the firm such as • Marketing • Product Management • Service and Support • Sales/Account Management • Engineering/Development • Professional Services • Training and Education • Accounting/Finance Survey on many individuals in customer’s firm.
Factors that Aid Collection of Inputs from Customer-Facing Personnel • • • Environment of trust Establishing expectations with personnel Managing anecdotes .
Factors that determine selection of customers include strategic importance. taking cognizance of commonality in demographics. . Focus Group: For obtaining information through discussion with a group of participants. level of complexity/sophistication in use of products or service. 2. diversity of industries which the firm represents. Customer Board of Advisors: For holding periodic meetings with selected number of senior executives from firm’s customer database. attitudes or purchase patterns.Involving Customers This can be done by means of the following: 1.
Positive trends ii. Transactional history This gives rise to development of customer segmentation strategy . Issues raised by customers Such information include the following: i. Customer demographics ii. Challenging trends iii.Analyzing information Analyze customer feedback and information obtained Compare to other information held by the firm Output: i.
departmental and project action-planning .Socialize Result Top-level reporting for general awareness Comprehensive report for sectional.
Steps for Implementing Customer-Focused Changes • • • • Getting management commitment Conducting cross-functional reviews Voice of customer tracking and reviews Forecasting .
Key Performance Indicators Targeted for Improvement • • • • Customer Satisfaction Customer Retention Churn Revenue and Profitability -Overall -By Customer Segment -By Customer Product/Service Diversity By Customer • .
Responding to Customers 1. Involve senior management in customer experience. Management reporting. Engage customer in meeting v. Record account-specific results ii. Immediate Response i. 2. vi. Responding with Account Strategies The six steps for implementing Account Strategies: i. Prepare for customer review meeting iv. iii. iii. Implementing ‘immediacy’ team. ii. Inform the organization and respond resourcefully. Continue the process . Establishment of criteria for ‘immediacy’.
. Responding immediately to participants during survey.Other Methods of Updating Customers Newsletter E-mail Website E-zine Instituting the update as a component of firm’s account management practices Using interactive sessions of forum or board of advisors.
Absence of a cross-functional implementation team Biting more than one can chew Organizational unpreparedness .Common Pitfalls of CRM Accepted as a technical instead of business problem Using a top-down approach Non-involvement of senior management Lack of focus on areas of high adoption Driven by IT department instead of Sales. Marketing and Service.
services and knowledge Bottom-up. designed on the front lines Working as an insider Solutions focus Advisory relationship Team-based selling Innovation and authority at the front line with customer Incentives based on customer economics and team performance Tailored business streams Balance between customization and complexity Complexity isolated within the system Cross-organizational teaming Joint credit High degree of organizational trust Solution Mindset Narrow distribution of customer value proposition Off-the-shelf products Top-down design Perceived as outsider selling in Push product Transactional relationship Individual to individual Centrally driven Limited decision-making power in field Incentives based on product economics and individual performance “One size fits all” processes Customization adds complexity Rigid organizational boundaries Organizational silos control resources Limited trust across organizational boundaries Advice Orientation Customer Interface Business Processes Organizational Linkages & Metrics Source: Booz Allen Hamilton .From Product-Focused to Customer Centric Firm Feature Customer Orientation Product-Focused Discrete transaction at a point in time Event-oriented marketing Narrow Focus Customer-Centric Customer life-cycle orientation Work with customer to solve both immediate and long term issues Build customer understanding at each interaction Broad definition of customer value proposition Bundles that combines products.
Solutions Advance Customer Value Proposition Traditional Value Proposition Value-Added Services Customer-Centric Value Proposition “We can help you reduce life-cycle transportation costs” “We can reduce your operational costs” Industry Truck Manufacturing Traditional Product Trucks = + = “We sell and service trucks” Financing Service Application/Design support Aerospace Components Aerospace Fasteners “We sell highperformance fasteners” Utilities Electricity “We provide electricity reliability” Energy asset maintenance “We can help you reduce total energy costs” Chemicals Lubricants “We sell a wide range of lubricants” Usage and application design Lubricant analysis Product support Outcomes-driven information database “We can increase your machine performance and up-time” “We can help you better manage your patient base” Pharmaceuticals Drugs “We sell pharmaceuticals” Source: Booz Allen Hamilton .
.Developing Customer-Centric Culture Put employees in the customers’ shoes Put employees in the shoes of a particular colleague Review your habits and attitude Be evaluated in a 360-degree approach by colleagues you frequently deal with (through a random selection).
What is Customer Advocacy? It’s a cross-functional role empowered to marshal organizational resources to resolve troublesome customer issues and identify root cause while balancing the financial realities and strategic goals of the company. .
thereby managing “customer experience” effectively. inefficiencies and organizational complexities that perturb perception. .The Need for Customer Advocacy Function To steer customers away from veiled gaps.
Key Skills for Customer Advocates Straight-forward and honest Interpersonal management and communication Good business sense and judgment Organizational navigation Executive Presence Time management Project management .
Customer Advocacy Process Framework Customer segmentation Engagement process Escalation process Response planning. analysis and execution Managing customer experience through resolution Internal management review .
Factors to Consider When Crafting Message Ensure your communication stands alone Consider the audience Read it “as if” you were the recipient Acknowledge the “bigger picture” Special handling procedures when emotionally charged .
Align your organization structure with the segmented customer view 4. sales and customer service functions . Make good use of technology 5. you „got there‟ Think of loyalty as the tenure of a customer (duration of the relationship) Limit your change management efforts to the marketing.Do‟s of Customer Centricity 1. Adjust your mission and vision statement 2. Set clear goals for achieving a defined state of customer centricity by a certain point in time 10. Try to understand the true value of your customers Don‟ts of Customer Centricity Expect a brand new mission statement to make you a customer-centric company Overcomplicate the segmentation Reorganize too often and for the sake of it Expect technology to build customer relationships for you Throw out the old performance measures Confuse behaviours and attitudes with needs Rely on the customers past buying patterns 8. Communicate and engage all stakeholders in the process Allow anyone in the company to say (or think) “this is not my job/responsibility” Assume that your project/ programme were completed. Create new performance measures 6. Segment your customer base 3. attitudes and demographics of your customers 7. Study the behaviours. Empower employees. particularly customerfacing staff for proactive relationship-building 9. Encourage and seek to create customer loyalty 11.
Source: Wharton Business School iv. they know what to manage and where to invest in order to create sustainable. vii. They continually innovate by evolving their customer segments and sub-segments. iii. territories. and improve their value propositions as customer needs change. They understand in precise analytic terms exactly how their different customer relationships contribute to or subtract from the total value of the firm. They understand the different needs of different customers and group them into operational customer segments and sub-segments based on common needs. They organize their businesses into customer segment business units to establish clear ownership of the customer experience and accountability for the financial performance of each customer business unit. profitable growth and drive outstanding share price performance over time. because they manage their customer portfolio on this basis. . and they understand why. ii.The Seven Characteristics of Customer-Centric Companies i. vi. but as a portfolio of customers. They thrill their customers by delivering knockout value propositions that competitors cannot match. They conceive of themselves not as a group of products. They create a competitively unassailable customer innovation advantage based on a customer R&D model grounded in continual experimentation at key customer touch points. v. or functions. They know how much money they make or lose with each of their customers or customer segments. services.
Management Institute of Canada. Honorary Global Advisor. Institute of Business Development. Regent Business School. Fellow. Ladoke Akintola University of Technology. private and public firms including extra-governmental agencies and institutions. He is an outstanding motivational speaker with a knack for recalibration of positive influence. Part-Time Lecturer & External Examiner (MBA Programme). Institute of Analytics Professionals. He is a Certified Management Consultant. Director. He is a Chartered Manager certified by Canadian Institute of Management. Fellow. International Project Management Commission. Institute of Management Consultants. Canada and holds numerous professional qualifications including Master Project Manager. Clements University. Associate. Project Manager E-Business. international development organisations. licensed by International Council of Management Consulting Institutes which has a Special Consultative Status in United Nations Economic and Social Council. He is a prolific writer and author who had served as Editor-in-Chief. Member.Dr. Certified Institute of Cost Management. Shevach Consulting. he is an information technology management professional certified by Institute for the Management of Information Systems. Fortuna. Institute of Internal Auditors. Additionally. Director of Programmes and Member of Governing Council. Fellow. and Programme Coordinator (Nigeria). He holds a doctoral degree in Management from St. Certified Institute of Cost Management. As a result of his strides in management consulting. Director of Training. International Council of Business Development Professionals. Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (Nigeria). International Council of Management Consulting Institutes. and Examiner to various Professional Institutes. Director of Strategy and Performance. Director of MBA Programme (Nigerian Outreach). He is concurrently Senior Partner. Associate. Fellow. Chartered Institute of Personnel Management of Nigeria. who has functioned as Speaker/Facilitator at myriad programmes of professional institutes. Fellow. Member. Cost Management Journal. South Africa. Rohan Marine. Nigerian Institute of Training and Development. Refined Shipping. Lead Assessor and Member of Governing Council. and a world-class consultant. Institute of Management Consultants. Elijah Ezendu is a multidisciplinary professional whose business experience mounts through diverse fields. He is a Certified Business Development Analyst and Competitive Intelligence Professional. UK along with Microsoft Corporation. . Second Vice President and Member of Governing Council. The Institute of Business Development. he received Merit Award for Excellence in Consulting. British West Indies. Chief Operating Officer. American Academy of Financial Management. USA and stands as a Member of International Association of Software Architects. Member of Marketing Committee.
Thank You Dr.com. Elijah Ezendu elezendu@yahoo. 234 8033024596. 234 8058835237 .