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Pasolink+ XPIC Training Course.

FUNCTIONAL OPERATION CHAPTER 02

FUNCTIONAL OPERATION

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1.

System Configuration

(1/3)

FUNCTIONAL OPERATION

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1. System Configuration (2/3) FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 3 .

1. System Configuration (3/3) FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 4 .

General Signal Flow for 11-38 GHz OMT (1+0) (1/4) FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 5 .2.

General Signal Flow for 6-38 GHz feeder connection (1+0) (2/4) FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 6 .2.

General Signal Flow for 11-38 GHz using OMT (1+1) (3/4) FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 7 .2.

General Signal Flow for 6-38 GHz using hybrid (1+1) (4/4) FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 8 .2.

FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 9 . *2 One of 150M INTFC.3. IDU Block Diagram for (1+0) (1/2) *1 Optional. OPT INTFC or 10/100BASE-T INTFC may be used.

IDU Block Diagram for (1+1) (2/2) *1 Optional. *2 One of 150M INTFC. OPT INTFC or 10/100BASE-T INTFC may be used.3. FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 10 .

4. ODU Block Diagram FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 11 .

Performance monitoring/metering data reporting. Optional Interface Card. Automatic laser shutdown control (OPT INTFC module). 4. 7. Automatic transmitter power control. 3. 9. 6. MS-AIS generation. XPIC reset control. 2. Loopback control. 5. Alarm indication and reporting. Alarm and Control (1/17) The functions of the alarm and control circuit are as follows: 1. 10. FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 12 . Far-end link down control. 8.5. Network Management (Optional).

Alarm and Control Block Diagram (for 1+0) FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 13 . Alarm and Control (2/17) 1.5.

Alarm and Control Block Diagram (for 1+1) FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 14 . Alarm and Control (3/17) 1.5.

5.1 Alarm and Control Alarm Indication and Reporting (4/17) FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 15 . 5.

5.) (5/17) Note: In 1 + 0 system. FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 16 . ALM LEDs are applied only No.5.1 Alarm and Control Alarm Indication and Reporting(Cont. 1 side.

4. Out of Frame Second (OFS) Background Block Error (BBE) Error Seconds (ES) Severely Error Seconds (SES) Unavailable Second (UAS) TX POWER RX LEVEL ODU PS MON Bit Error Rate (BER) FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 17 . The monitoring items are as follows: 1. 8. 5. the PM value is judged to be invalid. The CTRL module. A “invalid” displayed in the PM results screen indicates that the value is illegal. When the equipment clock setting is changed or the power is turned on/off. 2. 6.5. Alarm and Control Performance Monitoring/Metering Data Reporting (6/17) To monitor the transmission quality on the STM-1 transmission. 9. polls the different modules and gathers PM/Metering information.2 1. 2. A “MAINT” is displayed if the PM results are obtained while the equipment is in maintenance mode. 3. 5. 6. 4. the equipment is provided with the performance monitoring and the metering functions. 7. 3. 5.

(7/17) The IDU is provided with the automatic laser shutdown (ALS) function that can be enabled or disabled. Alarm and Control ALS (OPT INTFC Module). 1. the laser output is periodically turned ON and OFF when the optical cable carrying the STM-1 signal is disconnected inadvertently.3 1. If the ALS function is disabled. 5.5. If the ALS function is enabled. the laser output is always ON even if the optical cable is disconnected. 1. or intentionally during maintenance. ALS System Functional Block Diagram FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 18 .

Even if the station is set in the MTPC mode. Transmission level control can be used not only for setting the same operation (ATPC-ATPC) between own station and opposite station but also for operation in combination of stations with different operation (MTPCATPC. ATPC-MTPC) between own station and opposite station. the opposite station is likely to be set in the ATPC mode. the setting is disabled. The CPU then determines whether the transmit output power needs to be controlled. Using RFCOH bits. this control signal is detected by the MODEM module. in accordance with this control signal. A control signal (POWER CONT). This control signal is based on the result of comparison between the current receiver input level and the preset receiving threshold level. 5. and the receiving threshold level that were previously specified using the LCT or PNMT. FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 19 . the receiving level (RX IN LEV) is detected by the receiver (RX) and passed on to the CPU in the CTRL circuit of the MODEM module. setting the RX Threshold (Receiving threshold level) is required for controlling the transmission level of the opposite station. lower or maintain the current TX output power. This is based on the transmit output power. To implement ATPC. produces a control that will either raise. (8/17) The automatic transmit power control (ATPC) function automatically varies the TX output power according to path conditions. is generated by the MODEM module through the CPU circuit. The ATPC Control System of Pasolink Mx transmits the information on the receiving level to the opposite station and controls the transmission level of its own station in accordance with the receiving level of the opposite station. causing the receive signal level at the opposite station to vary. At the opposite station. fading exerts heavy influences on propagation. the minimum and maximum values of the output control range. In the 6 to 38 GHz band.5.4 Alarm and Control Automatic Transmit Power Control (ATPC). Between the stations that are respectively set in the MTPC mode. The MODEM module. The station set in MTPC mode is not controlled by the information from opposite station but is fixed in its transmitting output level. ATPC provides the following advantages: •• Improvement in up fading characteristics •• Improvement in residual BER characteristics •• Reduction of interference to intra system •• Reduction of interference to inter system ATPC improves the BER characteristics under adverse changes in climatic conditions and reduces the possibility of interference. whose function is to maintain the RX signal level by lowering or raising the TX output power of the opposite station. this control signal is sent to the opposite station to control its transmit output power. Therefore. The ATPC function operates by controlling the transmit output power of the opposite station according to the variation of the received signal level at the local station. however.

(9/17) ATPC setting parameters:1. = Nominal – (0 ~ 10dB) 2. power .ATPC RX threshold (Reference ) = -30 ~-70dB .When the RX level of the opposite site is decreased to be below the reference RX . 5.4 Alarm and Control Automatic Transmit Power Control (ATPC) Cont.The ATPC Will start increasing the TX power up to TX max.TX max.5. = Nominal – (0 ~ 20dB) 3.TX min. in one dB steps until increasing the RX level of the opposite site to be over the reference level .ATPC will start with the TX min.The ATPC will maintain the RX level within 5 dB over the reference level FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 20 .

ATPC 21 Low Deep Shallow Fading FUNCTIONAL OPERATION . Tx Lev (Provisioning) Min Tx Lev (Provisioning) Low Deep Shallow Fading Rx Lev High The ATPC Control transmits the information on the receiving level to the opposite station and controls the transmission level of its own station in accordance with the receiving level of the opposite station. ATPC hysteresis (provisioning) ATPC Rx Threshold (provisioning) The ATPC Control can be used in several configurations: ATPC . Tx Out High (10/17) Max.5. 5.4 Alarm and Control Automatic Transmit Power Control (ATPC) Cont.ATPC ATPC .MTPC MTPC .

channel. 3. The system is controlled in IF loopback (IF-LB) condition with the LCT. PNMS or PNMT. PNMS or PNMT. channel.5.5 Alarm and Control XPIC Reset Control. (11/17) The XPIC RESET control is performed when the system is in following Conditions:1. channel is lost. 4. IF signal from X-pol. XPIC Rest Remote Control FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 22 . The XPIC RESET control is executed from the LCT. The XPIC RESET control is applied from the DEM module in the Xpol. Frame Synchronization is lost (FASYNC) at the DEM module in the Co-pol. 2. 5. 5. At the DEM module in the Co-pol. channel.

6 Alarm and Control Loop Back Control.IF Loop Back. the PNMT or the PNMS.5. Loop Back Location FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 23 . C. B. (12/17) The loopback function is provided for checking the system quality during maintenance and/or to quickly isolate a fault location. The control is performed by the LCT. 5.STM-1 Near End Loop Back.STM-1 Far End Loop Back. Provided here is the control of the:A.

(13/17) One is to automatically stop the output from the LAN port to alert the equipment connected with the LAN port when the system has been disconnected by the fault in the radio section. 5. 4. 2. The other is to transmit the information for cutting the link interconnected with the LAN port in the opposite station when the link between the LAN port and equipment is faulty. Alarm and Control Far End Link Down Control.5. Far-end link down control provides two kinds of functions for 10/100BASE-T INTFC. This function can be selected by setting “Provisioning” on LCT to “Enable” or “Disable” . 3. Far End Link down Control FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 24 .7 1.

MS-AIS Generation FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 25 . or when STM-1 input signal disappears. the function of MS-AIS Generation is stopped. (14/17) When any fault occurs in the Pasolink+ equipment or radio section. 5. this function is set to “Enable”. The function of MS-AIS Generation causes the STM-1 output signal from Pasolink+ equipment to be stopped and/or non-frame signal (all “1”) to be output. This function can be selected by setting “Provisioning” on LCT to “Enable” or “Disable” . to detect the fault in the MUX equipment of the opposite station.8 Alarm and Control MS-AIS Generation.5. If this function is set to “Disable”. Normally.

5. FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 26 . The PNMT/PNMS provides real-time monitoring and control of the microwave link status and its associated Pasolink equipment. Note: This DSC channel is multiplexed on the main signal for subsequent transmission to the opposite station. thereby making it impossible to monitor or control the opposite and the subsequent stations. 5. If the IF loopback is executed the DSC channel of the station under maintenance will also be looped back. (15/17) The pasolink network management system (PNMS) is connected to the PNMS V.9 Alarm and Control Network Management System. Network Management System.11/LAN connector of the IDU located at the designated maintenance center while the pasolink network management terminal (PNMT) is connected to the PNMT connector on the IDU of remote stations. Status information from and control signals to remote stations are transmitted using RFCOH.

64K. an auxiliary transmission channel can be provided. (16/17) The LAN Card and Cluster Alarm Interface Card are provided as optional Sub-interface cards. DSC or RSOH (E1/F1). Assignment of LAN Card is selected from the “OH Assignment” menu under Provisioning. Assignment of Alarm Interface Card is selected from the “OH Assignment” menu under Provisioning.10 Alarm and Control Optional Interface Card..000 Media Access Control (MAC) address. DSC or RSOH (E1/F1) overhead channel. By mounting the LAN Card in the IDU of the system. FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 27 . LAN Card The LAN Card can provide an auxiliary transmission channel for an LAN signal using the following overhead channel: 128 QAM system :. which is updated in every 5 minutes. The LAN Card has a bridge function.5. ALARM INTERFACE The Alarm Interface Card allows extension of two cluster alarm signals for internal/external alarms to the remote station using 64K. and it can store 10. 5.

5. FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 28 .5.) (17/17) Example of Use Optional LAN Card.10 Alarm and Control Optional Interface Card (Cont.

TX PWR ALM TX LO APC ALM ODU IF INPUT ALM MOD ALM TX DPU ALM CPU ALM RX switching When the Online RX CH fails.6. TX switching In the (1+1)HS system transmit switching is carried out by setting the standby ODU out put to off by Muting it. The data signal is transmitted in parallel to both CH1 and CH2. TX and RX switchover are performed independently. traffic will be switched to the standby equipment automatically. Priority 1: Remote switching Control Switching is initiated from external equipment (LCT/PNMT) Priority 2: Automatic switching control For any alarm in the online equipment. RX LEV ALM RX LO APC ALM DEM ALM FSYNC ALM HIGH BER ALM OPR ALM CPU ALM When Hitless switch is used make sure that the difference between the two IF cable lengths are less than 50 meters FUNCTIONAL OPERATION 29 . the ALM CONT circuit in the SW Board initiate a RX SW Control signal to switch to the standby CH provided it is in normal operating condition. PROTECTION SWITCHING Protection switching in Pasolink (1+1 ) system has several switching priorities.