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KINEMATICS AND UNIFORM CIRCULAR MOTION

Victorena II A. Diesta Pia Angeli Espartinez

WHAT IS KINEMATICS? .-is a branch of classical mechanics that describes the motion of bodies and systems without consideration of forces that cause the motion.

even simple body motions such as twirling a finger. Refers to a science studying the motion of rotating bodies without consideration of forces causing the motion. electric fans.  Examples: Wheels of vehicles.a line where a rotating object rotates about Rotational Kinematics . Axis of Rotation –.

represented by ∆θ . Displacement – the change in position ROTATIONAL MOTION Position – choosing a point on the rotating object and noting the angle that a line from the axis to this point make with the reference line. Displacement – the change in angular position.Comparison of definition of terms: LINEAR MOTION Position – noting the location of an object with respect to its reference point.

 As to distinguish angular displacement occurring in opposite directions. we will assign the positive sign (+) of angular displacement to correspond to counterclockwise. . and negative sign (-) for clockwise.

LINEAR MOTION Acceleration .ratio of the change in velocity to the time it takes for the change to occur ROTATIONAL MOTION Acceleration – ratio of change in angular velocity to the time it takes for the change to occur .

. likewise.Remember! Positive acceleration doesn‟t always mean that the direction is positive. negative acceleration doesn‟t always mean the motion is counterclockwise.

The greek letter „alpha‟ is used to represent angular acceleration. .

ratio of displacement to angular displacement to time. related to how fast the object rotates fast the object moves.related to how time.ROTATIONAL MOTION LINEAR MOTION Velocity – ratio of Velocity . .

. The lowercase Greek letter.VELOCITY Angular velocity is positive when the direction is counter clockwise.negative when clockwise. “omega” is used to represent angular acceleration.

Something to Remember Rotational Motions which are counterclockwise are positive quantities while those which are clockwise are negative quantities. .

the chosen point on the body would have traced an arc whose length is equal to the radius of the circular path.Radian .a common unit used in expressing angular positions and angular displacement It is defined such that when an object has rotated by 1 radian. .

. it has traveled an arc whose length is 2(pi)r .When the point has completely traced a circle.Since every arc length traced that is equal to the radius r corresponds to angular displacement of 1 rad. we can get the total angular displacement when the arc length is 2(pi)r by ratio and proportion.