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Organizational Development Week-1

Definition .

teams and organizations face rapid change like never before. increasingly diverse markets have a wide variety of needs and expectations that must be understood if they are to become strong customers and collaborators. the ability to manage change.Definition Today. Thus. . while continuing to meet the needs of stakeholders. and the compensation of executives seems to be increasing while wages of others seems to be decreasing or leveling off. scrutiny of stakeholders has increased as some executives have been convicted of illegal actions in their companies. Concurrently. However. Globalization has increased the markets and opportunities for more growth and revenue. is a very important skill required by today's leaders and managers.

There are several important aspects to consider about the goal of the business organization. usually during the strategic planning process.For-Profit and . e. These features are explicit (deliberate and recognized) or implicit (operating unrecognized. Business organizations can range in size from one person to tens of thousands.Nonprofit . these features are carefully considered and established. "behind the scenes"). common goal or set of goals.g. an organization in its simplest form (and not necessarily a legal entity.. Two Basic Types of Business Organization . Ideally.Organization Definitions of Organization Basically. corporation or LLC) is a person or group of people intentionally organized to accomplish an overall.

etc. along with other subsystems. Strategies Organizations usually follow several overall general approaches to reach their goals. or mission. these systems and processes are define by plans. teams. . These values are the personality. how it should appear when things are going well. policies and procedures. Values All organizations operate according to overall values. of the organization. or goals. Mission An organization operates according to an overall purpose. or culture. Systems and Processes that Are Aligned With Achieving the Goals Organizations have major subsystems. Strategic Goals Organizational members often work to achieve several overall accomplishments. such as departments. Each of these subsystems has a way of doing things to.Organization Vision Members of the organization often have some image in their minds about how the organization should be working. divisions. or priorities in the nature of how they carry out their activities. Often. programs. as they work toward their mission. achieve the overall goals of the organization.

Our Vision To be the world’s most dynamic science company.Our Mission Sustainable Growth: Increasing shareholder and societal value while reducing our environmental footprint along the value chains in which we operate. creating sustainable solutions essential to a better. healthier life for people everywhere. safer. Our Core Values     Safety and Health Environmental Stewardship Ethical Behavior Respect for People .

mission and / or goals) and championing methods of organizational performance management to pursue that direction. . Examples are establishing strategic direction (vision. business planning. human resources. 1) Planning. the term "management" refers to the activities (and often the group of people) involved in the four general functions listed below. policies and procedures.Management Traditional Interpretation Traditionally. Examples of planning are strategic planning. etc. values. project planning. re-organizing businesses. etc. 4) Controlling. performance management processes. measures to avoid risks etc. staffing planning. 2) Organizing resources Examples are organizing new departments. Examples include use of financial controls. office and file systems. or coordinating. 3) Leading. advertising and promotions planning.

Still. that is.Management Board of Directors A board is a group of people who are legally charged to govern an organization (usually a corporation) -. they are "governing boards.thus. The nature of a board can vary widely in nature. or hands-on role." The board is responsible for setting strategic direction. . they take a strong policy-making role. follow all of the directions and guidance of the chief executive (in this case. and expect the chief executive to operate the organization according to those policies. board members arguably are not meeting their responsibilities as a board). despite their being legally responsible for the activities of the corporation. Some boards act like "policy boards". establishing broad policies and objectives. The chief executive officer reports to the board and is responsible for carrying out the board's strategic policies. other boards take a strong "working board". and hiring and evaluating the chief executive officer. including micromanaging the chief executive and organization. Some boards.

g. Top (or executive) managers are responsible for overseeing the whole organization and typically engage in more strategic and conceptual matters. Managers A classic definition is that “Leaders do the right thing and managers do things right. general managers of large organizations. vice presidents. e. etc. chief financial officers. Top managers have middle managers working for them and who are in charge of a major function or department.. middle managers and first-line managers. with less attention to day-to-day detail. chief operating officers. large organizations may have different levels of managers.” A more standard definition is usually something like “managers work toward the organization’s goals using its resources in an effective and efficient manner. this term generally applies to those people or specific positions in top levels of management. including top managers. Middle managers may have first-line managers working for them and who are responsible to manage the day-to-day activities of a group of workers. . chief executive officers.” In a traditional sense.Management Executives Usually.

For example. for example. e. Many people believe it applies only to people who oversee the productivity and development of entry-level workers. etc. employee performance management (setting goals. addressing performance issues. the person whom you report directly to in the organization. planning. Supervisors typically are responsible for their direct reports' progress and productivity in the organization. a middle manager’s supervisor typically would be a top manager. delegation and meeting management).) and ensuring conformance to personnel policies and other internal regulations. That's not true. Supervisors typically have strong working knowledge of the activities in their group. A first-line manager’s supervisor would be a middle manager. firing employees. observing and giving feedback. The term "supervisor" typically refers to one’s immediate superior in the workplace.Management Supervisors This is a widely misunderstood term. Supervisor of Customer Service.g. Many also use the term "supervisor" to designate the managerial position that is responsible for a major function in the organization. A worker’s supervisor typically would be a first-line manager. problem solving. . etc.. how to develop their product. training new employees. noticing the need for and designing new job roles in the group. Supervision often includes conducting basic management skills (decision making. carry out their service. organizing teams. that is. hiring new employees.

democratic.. delegating. including facilitation. laissez-faire (hands off). mentoring. thus. autocratic. and conducting planning that determines the goals needed to achieve the vision and mission.g. e. Anyone at any level in an organization can show leadership. The term has -. including the life cycle of the organization. participatory. etc. almost anyone can be a leader in the organization . They motivate by using a variety of methods.and should have -. directing. the leadership style depends on the situation. Leaders A leader is interpreted as someone who sets direction in an effort and influences people to follow that direction. Often. They set direction by developing a clear vision and mission.much broader usage. coaching. This term is commonly misapplied when people use the term mostly to refer to the top levels in an organization. etc.Management Individual Contributors This term is often used to refer to entry-level and/or first-line employees who do not have employees reporting to them. Leaders carry out their roles in a wide variety of styles.

e. “A leader is interpreted as someone who sets direction in an effort and influences people to follow that direction -. biggest or most powerful. .the people can be oneself.Leadership Definitions of Leadership Many people believe that leadership is simply being the first. Leadership in organizations has a different and more meaningful definition i. another individual. a group. an organization or a community.” How they set that direction and influence people depends on a variety of factors.

Leading versus Managing? The person in the top-level position in the organization is (should be) responsible for setting (or. but still use the term "leadership" mostly to refer to the top positions in the organization. this "executive" level of management is often referred to as the "leadership" of the organization. pursuing) the overall direction for the organization. . Others believe that managing and leading occur at many levels of the organization. in the case of corporations.) With recent focus on the need for transformational leadership to guide organizations through successful change. Some people believe that leadership occurs only at the top levels of organizations and managing occurs in the levels farther down the organization. the term "leadership" has also been used to refer to those who embrace change and lead the change of organizations for the betterment of all stakeholders. Some people believe that leadership occurs (or should occur) throughout the organization. Consequently (and unfortunately?).

Organizational Change & Development Change at 3 levels  Individual  Group  Organizational .

.And/or wants to change the very nature by which it operates. It also occurs when an organization evolves through various life cycles. Don't Do Change for the Sake of Change -. just like people must successfully evolve through life cycles.Organizational Change & Development Significant organizational change occurs. .Adds or removes a major section or practice. leadership and management.An organization changes its overall strategy for success. when: . they often must undergo significant change at various points in their development.Do Change to Enhance Organizational Performance . For organizations to develop. That's why the topic of organizational change and development has become widespread in communications about business. organizations.

Energy 1802 1830 1850 1900 1925 1945 1990 2000 2050 2090 .More than 200 years of innovation .Decreasing dependency on fossil fuels .Emerging markets Birth Birth Explosives Chemistry.The foundation of Sustainable Growth over decades Maturity Growth Maturity Growth Growth Birth 4 Megatrends: .Protecting people and the environment .Increasing food production .

audience. a legal procedure for a nonparty to enter an ongoing lawsuit Health intervention. a set of techniques and therapies practiced in counseling Economic interventionism.Intervention Intervention may refer to: Humanitarian intervention. when a central bank buys or sells foreign currencies in an attempt to adjust exchange rates Intervention (law). an effort to promote good health behavior or to prevent bad health behavior Art intervention. an interaction with a previously existing artwork. an attempt to compel a subject to "get help" for an addiction or other problem Cognitive interventions. or venue/space . an attempt to reduce suffering within a state through armed conflict Intervention (counseling).