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Wind Energy Project in Khyber Agency

Group Members
Sayed Muhammad Ali (Leader) Farhan Khan Muzammil Orakzai Saqib Iqbal Usman Saleh Zada Hafeez Khattak Asma Saleem Kundi Sahar Farooq Syed Zulqarnain Haider Tufail Ahmad Muhammad Imad Jan Inam Khan

OUTLINE
Wind Energy An Introduction Rationale for Selection of the Project Diagnostic Study for Wind Power Potential in FATA Region Project Methodology and WBS Stakeholders Involved and Communication Plan Time Management Cost Management Plan Quality Management Plan Risk Management Plan Cost Benefit Analysis

Rationale for Selection of the Project


Fastest growing, clean and offers electricity now and in the future. many benefits to human beings. Recently, the demand of energy has Due to increase in cost of fossil fuel increased in Pakistan. (coal, oil or natural gas) and the Wind is an indigenous resource. Does various environmental problems. not require foreign exchange
On a long term basis, costs of electricity from renewable sources are more predictable than thermal energy.

expenditure on import of fuel. Also adds security to countries energy mix.

Wind

energy

reduces

cost

of

HOW WIND IS CONVERTED TO POWER


Wind turbine obtains its power input by converting the force of the wind into a torque (turning force) acting on the rotor blades. The amount of energy which the wind transfers to the rotor depends on the:
density of the air rotor area wind speed.

In other words you can get more energy:


"heavier" the air bigger the rotor higher the wind speed

CONNECTING TO THE GRID

IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS FOR WIND TURBINE


Site Location figure out the direction from which the prevailing winds in the area usually come. Height at least 30 feet above any obstruction within 300 feet in any direction. Distance between wind generator and the batteries, the closer the better. Tower extremely sturdy, wellanchored, and tall enough to get above obstructions, spending as much on your tower and power wiring as on the wind generator itself!

Diagnostic Study for Wind Power Potential in FATA Region


Pakistan Meteorological dept. has started the Wind Mapping Project (Phase-II) in July-2005. In this phase 42 wind masts are installed in the Northern parts of Pakistan to study the Wind regime. Including areas are Swat, Dir, Chitral, Gilgit, Skardu, Haripur, Shangla, Buneer, Nowshara, Peshawar, Rawalpindi, Mohmand Agency,
Khyber Agency & Azad Kashmir.

Wind Power classification of northern Pakistan at 50 m height provided by NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) USA is shown in Fig. Upper NWFP comprising areas of district Jahangeera, , Khyber Agency, Mehmand Agency have been marked as good sites.

Data Analysis
Monthly average wind speed at three heights 10, 30 and 50 meters have been calculated and shown below in graphical as well as tabular form. Monthly Average Wind Speed at Khyber Agency Mountains

Project Charter
Scope Analysis:
In this project, sustainable energy resource i.e. wind energy is built to tackle power crisis at regional level for the sake of development. The scope of the project is to devise energy plan for Khyber Agency through public/private collaboration.

Enterprise Environmental Resources


Internal Factors
Expert Team (Technical staff)

External Factors
Weather Conditions Political Environment

Organizational Process Assets


Historical data of wind speed in the region. Detail diagram of procedures involved in the project Risk forecasting in the project (positive or negative) Guideline of the experts

Quality:
Quality needs to be maintained in each phase of the project. A quality check through a mechanism will be provided on each activity of WBS so that the work may not be hindered due to low quality material or action. A quality department is suggested in parallel to other functions in this project.

Cost Constraint
Building a new energy resource is a million dollar project and it is not possible for the humanitarian organizations to conduct such activities all alone. Therefore, it requires the public funds, loans and government security for the foreign and national investors. Though the energy need is too high but due to cost constraints, the project is entitled to one part of FATA which can be extended after the government support and success of the current project. Government support in security, logistics and taxation can reduce the constraints.

Timescale Constraint:
This is a long term project and it needs at least 4 years to complete installation and design before the energy production begins. In first phase, government is to be taken on board and then comes the finding of donors/ investors. After that procurement, design, infrastructure, grid station come in action that take several months on each step.

Stakeholders
Ministry of Water and Power

Pakistan Electric Supply Co.


KPK Government Local Community
Alternative Energy Development

Board (AEDB) Pakistan Aviation Authority Metrological Department FATA Authorities

Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB)


Established in May 2003

Wind Power, Solar power,


Micro Hydels Develop National Plans and Policies for alternative energy Encourage Private Sector Facilitate Investment

Local Community
Tribal Elders Land Owners Workers Local People

Metrological Department
Provide historical data for at least a year in order to record seasonal variation of wind resource Erecting MET Tower for wind speed, wind direction and air temperature

Village Corporations

Pakistan Aviation Authorities

Other Stakeholders

Ensure that there is no impact KPK Government to navigable airspace or aviation communications Turbines and towers be a FATA Authorities such as Governor and Political Agent to Khyber Agency

specific distance away from


public airstrips Turbines and towers should have lights installed so that they can be visible.

PESCO
Ministry of Water and Power

Project Plan (Methodology):


Project takes place with an idea generation of wind turbine installation. A lot of data research and previous studies are needed to consider implementation of

proposed findings. Data collection is carried out through


different surveys and previous statistical analysis. After data collection project design is prepared in different drafts in which different roles and responsibilities are allocated to the project team.

Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)


The work breakdown structure (WBS) defines the scope of the project and breaks the work down into components that can be scheduled, estimated, easily monitored and controlled.

Work Breakdown Structure


Wind Energy Project

Civil Work

Construction of Roads

Building for Grid Station

Accommodation

Foundation for Turbines

Mechanical Work

Installation of Turbines

Generators

Test Run

Work Breakdown Structure (Cont)


Supply Chain

Oder Placement of Turbines

Transportation of Turbines

Transportation of Construction Material

Electrical Work

Installation of Equipments in Grid Station

Control Room

Transmission Lines

WBS

WBS Dictionary
Install Wind Turbine Generator: The total equipment, talents, and services, necessary to make a wind turbine operational including the

power output and data acquisition /monitoring of the power output in


terms of electricity. 1. Form Project Team: The selection, approval, notification, and acceptance of the wind mill project team. Identify initial responsibility: The division and definition of each team members roles, duties, and interrelationships regarding the project. Define objectives and goals: Clear communication to all members the projects objectives and goals

2. Wind Turbine Sitting: The appropriate option(s) for the permanent location for the operating wind turbine.
Land Acquisition: approach landowners to negotiate option agreements to use their land. Acquire land to start project with all concerns.

Wind Assessment: assess the wind resource. Use meteorological masts to


measure wind speed and other climatic conditions use statistics and previous data to analyze the conditions and estimate how much energy the wind farm will produce. Wind farm design: Wind data is combined with the information to design the wind farm. Develop model wind flow, turbine performance, sound levels and other parameters to optimize the location of the wind turbines. Also

design the access roads, turbine foundations and local electric network, as well as the connection to the electricity grid
Determine maximum turbine height: The calculated maximum blade height of the wind turbine based on rules and regulations.

3. Wind Turbine Selection: Defining the narrow options of wind turbines for its installation at Peshawar. Manufacturing: The wind turbine parts are manufactured before installing it to the main site Assembled: Pre-assembled parts into the main components at the factory. Shipped components: Shipped the components to the wind farm site where the final assembly will take place.

4. Site Preparation: In the meantime, the crews have to prepare the site. They
build access roads and clear the areas where turbines will be erected. They then prepare the foundations; do the excavating, followed by installing the

formworks and pouring concrete


Excavation: The complete site preparation for installing the foundation and support equipment for the wind turbine.

5. Construction: Once all components have been received, the assembly can take place.
A crane is used to erect the tower and install the nacelle (covering to hold engines and fuel) and rotor with its hub and blades. On the ground, the electrical collection network is installed and connected to the grid through the substation Wind Turbine Installation: The start-to-finish phase of placing a wind turbine on the selected site.

Tower in place and rotor installed: The installation of the turbine tower and the placement of the turbine nacelle (generator and rotor assembly).
Performance trial of wind turbine power output: The actual live testing of the operation of the wind turbine and its performance (aerodynamically, mechanically and electrically) Performance check of data acquisition: The testing of the computers responsible for acquiring data and monitoring the operation of the wind turbine. This includes the testing of the data transmission to remote computers via LAN connection. Wind Turbine acceptance: The approval and acceptance of the installation and operation of the wind turbine. Electrically connect: The turbines are then finally electrically connected to generate electricity. This is the closing step of the project

6. Turbine on-line: The operation and power generation of the wind turbine generator.

Wind Energy Project


Process Process Description Id
A

Immediate Predecessor _ A A A C, D

Time Required 120 days 90 days 120 Days 120 Days 30 Days

Project Initiation and Project Planning Land Acquisition Construction of Roads Order Placement of Turbines Transportation of Turbines from port to site

B C D E

F
G H I J K L

Construction of Accommodation
Foundation of Turbines Building for Grid Station Installation of Turbines Installation of Equipments in Grid Station Installation of Transmission Line Control Room

C
F C, F E, F, H H G K

60 Days
60 Days 60 Days 90 Days 60 Days 60 Days 30 Days

Test Run

I, J, K, L

30 Days

Gantt Chart View

Note:

1 Day = 1 Month

Organizational Structure
Organizational structure is formal structure defining roles and responsibilities of people working inside organization.

Flat organizational structure is preferable to avoid layering, thus reducing cost.


PROJECT DIRECTOR

Management

Technical

Finance

HR

Maintenance & Operations

Quality Control

Resources Required for Completing the Project


Financial Resources Physical Resources
In order to accomplish the Equipment project, there requires adequate Soil Testing financial resources that can be Digital Mapping attained through following means: Satellite Imagery Loans & Grants Scaled Maps

Public funding
Private investment Power Purchase Agreement (to purchase the power by utility provider if produced by another entity) Tax Incentives

GPS Survey & Physical Identification of Boundaries Machinery


Turbines, Shaft & Hub

Generator

Land Logistics

Infrastructure

Human Resources
Technical Staff Civil Engineer Mechanical Engineer Electrical Engineer Quality Controller Management Staff Project Director Supply Chain Manager Finance & Accounts Manager HR Manager Risk Manager Manager Procurement Manager Operation

Communication Management Plan


The purpose of the Communications Management Plan is to define the communication requirements for the project and how information will be distributed to all people involved in project.

Communication Management Plan


Stakeholders Objectives of Communication Medium
Face to Face

Frequency
As needed

Deliverable
Agenda Meeting Minutes

Alternative Energy 1. Approval for wind energy project. Development Board 2. Facilitation for Project Metrological Department
1. 2.

Feasibility for project Historical data of weather, wind speed, direction etc. Assistance in all the concerns regarding space

Face to Face Email Fax Telephone Face to Face Telephone Meetings Telephone Meeting Meeting

As needed Meeting Minutes Once Meeting Minutes

Pakistan Aviation Authority PESCO

1.

1.

Ministry of Water and Power Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa Government


FATA Authorities Local Community

Discuss about transmission of electricity, transmission lines grid and technical assistance 1. Documentation and Reports Documentation and Report

Monthly Meeting Minutes Once As needed Reports Meeting Minutes Reports Meeting Minutes Feedback and support

Different issues regarding project their Involvement and safety concern

Face to Face

Frequently

Cost Management Plan


THE BUDGET THAT WE HAVE $200M INITIAL INVESTMENT $180M CONTINGENCY PLANNING $20M
TRANSPORTATION COST TOWER INSTALLATION $ BLADES INSTALLATION COST CONSTUCTION OF ROADS CONSTRUCTION OF ACCOMODATION CONSTRUCTION OF GRID STATION & CONTROL ROOM $5M $75M $7M $3M $50M

OPERATIONAL COST
Sources:

$40M

Janet L. Swain, Ph.D. Energy Policy Specialist for Greenpeace, USA www.windpower.org http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-3-142016-Pakistan-produces-first-indigenous-wind-turbine

Cost Management Plan


THE BUDGET THAT WE HAVE $200M INITIAL INVESTMENT $180M CONTINGENCY PLANNING $20M
TRANSPORTATION COST TOWER INSTALLATION $ BLADES INSTALLATION COST CONSTUCTION OF ROADS CONSTRUCTION OF ACCOMODATION CONSTRUCTION OF GRID STATION & CONTROL ROOM $5M $75M $7M $3M $50M

OPERATIONAL COST
Sources:

$40M

Janet L. Swain, Ph.D. Energy Policy Specialist for Greenpeace, USA www.windpower.org http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-3-142016-Pakistan-produces-first-indigenous-wind-turbine

TRANSPORTATION

ESIMATESD COST $5MILLION

CONSRUCTION OF ROADS

ESTIMATED COST FOR ROADS ARE $7 MILLION

CONSTRUCTION OF ACCOMODATION
ESTIMATED COST OF $3MILLION

TOWER INSTALLATION AND BLADE INSTALLATION

ESTIMATED COST OF $75M

CONSTRUCTION OF CONTROL ROOM/GRID STATION

ESTIMATED COST ON THESE TWO ARE $50M

Quality Management Plan


This Plan promotes the sustainable use of renewable and non-renewable resources to ensure that future residents enjoy the same quality of life as present citizens.

Important Considerations:
Noise Problem Navigable Air space Visual Obstructions Public health and safety

Quality Management Plan (Cont.)


Resources Quality Control Activity
Project Manager Monitoring and Controlling Section by reviewing and evaluating criteria. Project management

Skills Required Frequency

Daily

Expert Team

Review Project, Critically Analyze & Assure Progress

Critical Analysis

Weekly

Designer

Testing Design

Content and Graphic Designing

Review from Experts

Daily at the Designing Project Phase

Planning of Procurement
All heavy machinery needed for installation of turbines and construction will be procure. Brief Procurement Needs Heavy Duty Cranes Lifters Vibratory Rollers Trucks Cars & Jeeps

Risk Management Plan


Risk Identification
Risk of bad weather condition Risk of technical faults Risk of injury and accident Risk of security Risk of change in political environment

Risk Matrix
Risk Type High Moderate Matrix Score Greater than 3 Between 1 to 2.9

Low

Less than 1

Risk Management Plan (cont.)


Risk Response Plan Risk response planning is the process of developing options to minimize threats and maximize opportunities.
Risk Plan Transfer Mitigation Accept Type of Risk Risk of Security Threats Risk of Technical Faults and Injury or Accident Risk of Bad Weather

Monitoring and Evaluation


Operations & Maintenance (O&M) is a major component of maintaining a reliable wind project and must be carried out throughout the project's lifespan. Proper and regular monitoring of wind turbines and systems can prove to be valuable and is often provided through contract maintenance and by local operators.

The wind resource assessment at the site level is required to provide not only information on the mean wind field and distribution, but also on the extreme conditions at the relevant time resolutions and scales. It is, therefore, recommended that before planning any large scale farm in these areas, micro-siting analysis must be completed for promising economic benefits.

Economic Cost Benefit Analysis


Economic costs of the project:
Project itself: $180 M

Net profit : $ 200M -$180M = $20M Payback period: 7-8 years

Good Investment!

Thank You!