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Reading Textbook (and Translating

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Reading (text)
Transfer of meaning Language proposition features

pronunciation Vocabulary grammar

Identify TYPES of Sentences 2. Analyze Sentences into CHUNKS .Basic skill 1.

He’s not going to teach. • Question – Who’s moving next door? Did you leave after me? • Exclamation – What a nice weather! .Types of Sentences • Command – Leave! Let’s Go! Move! Get out of here! • Statement – The lecturer is leaving.

Simple sentences S+P S + Predicate S+V S+V+O S+V+C S+V+A S + Verb S + Object S + Complement S + Adverbial .

V A .1. S V 2. S S S V V C O 3. 4. The dean is Javanese. The dean spoke to his assistant. The dean went to the auditorium. The dean is speaking.

Mr Lee taught me a lesson on self defence. S V O2 O1 Mr Lee taught a lesson on self defence me. S V O1 O2 .

Parts of speech • Noun • Verb (kata benda – nominal) (kata kerja – aksi) • Adjective • Adverb (kata sifat – deskriptif) (kata keterangan) .

S NOUN V ACTION/RELATION O NOUN The instructor Students gave enter instruction building The road needs pavement .

where 4. where when 4. How 4.Adverb 4.2 The dean spoke to his assistant slowly. when How where .4 This morning the dean read seriously in his room.1 The dean is speaking in the auditorium.3 The dean was in his office just now.

The dean himself went to the auditorium. The dean is purely Javanese.5. went to the auditorium and spoke to his assistant . who is purely Javanese. 8. 6. The dean is speaking in the auditorium. The dean of the destistry faculty. 7. . The dean of the destistry faculty spoke to his assistant slowly in the auditorium. The dean spoke to his assistant slowly.

• WORD (kata & bentukan kata) 1. Formation/derivation • PHRASE (kelompok kata) • CLAUSE (kalimat bersusun) ..Extension …. Original 2.

Original word stone age rolling stone stone hard stone bridgestone 2. Formation/derivation .1.inflection to move – a move – movement long – length – to lengthen .

• Speak up. (Listen to him) He has spoken twice today. .S + V  action • • • • • • • The chairman is speaking. Did he speak to you about the survey? He was speaking when I entered the room. He will speak in the conference tomorrow. He had spoken before I asked him to. He cannot speak at the moment. he has a toothache. please.

Today’s speaking topic is how to study effectively. All welcome. . English speaking. • Speaking is easy. This is a no speaking area. doing is hard.Non-actional verbs • • • • • Speaking is his skill. Her beauty becomes the object of speaking.

Object  direct / indirect • The researcher gave us an abstract. • The researcher gave an abstract to us. • Did the teacher recommend any books to us? • Did the teacher recommend us any books? .

• The book looks interesting. • The book becomes best-seller. • The book seems old and out-of-date . inspirational. expensive. entertaining.Complement  description • The book is good. worthy.

time. • The students were doing well in the final test.Adverb  place. • I found this excellent watch in the pawn shop on the seventeenth of August. manner • The team has gone far into the jungle. . • Could you speak a little bit clearly? • Open the case very carefully.

Who can give us clarity? – This old CD has no sound clarity. isn’t it? • Adverb – Can you draw the conclusion more clearly? • Noun – This is confusing.The word: clear • Verb – For the show. • Adjective – I’ll have to give you assignment. Is it clear? – The speech has a very clear idea. we need to clear the stage. .

• Smart students don’t behave so foolishly. • Can you give me one good advice about learning English? • The student’s union has organized a peaceful demo on petrol’s price rise. the owl feed. Phrase noun adjective adverb preposition • The center of the earth consists of magma.• At the middle of the night. • Let me show you the beauty of our country. .

CHUNK Part of sentence that can be considered as forming a meaningful phrase. .

• The third year of medical students wearing blue jackets with other students from several faculties gathered in the field.Subject CHUNK • The students in blue jackets gathered in the field. . • The students of the medical faculty in blue jackets gathered in the field. • Students of the last semester who have finished their final assignment on research methodology gathered in the field.

Verb CHUNK • The students gathered in the field. . • The students will soon gather in the field. • The students must have gathered in the field. • The students are being gathered in the field. • The students have gathered in the field.

• The instructor gathered the medical students in blue jackets in the field. • The instructor gathered the students in blue jackets in the field.Object CHUNK • The instructor gathered the students in the field. . • The instructor gathered the third year of medical students in blue jackets who have submitted final assignment on research methodology in the field.

Adverb CHUNK • The students gathered in the field. . • The students gathered in the football field. • The students gathered in the green football field in front of the law faculty building on the left of the main office. • The students gathered in the green football field in front of the building.