Employee Involvement & Participation

they are able to see the big picture clearly. They can offer feedback immediately based on their experiences and improve the quality of decisions significantly.Participation      The word „participation‟ means sharing the decisionmaking power with the lower ranks of the organization in an appropriate manner. Participation has a unique motivational power & a great psychological value. .e. It promotes harmony and peace between workers and management. how their actions would contribute to overall growth of the company.. When workers participate in organizational decisions. i.

etc. Since they are treated with respect now they begin to view the job and the organization as their own and commit themselves to organizational activities wholeheartedly. . The feeling of being treated as equals. forces them to repose their confidence in management & accept plans of rationalization. Participation makes them more responsible. they tend to view the „decisions‟ as „their own‟ & try to translate the rhetoric into concrete action plans with zeal and enthusiasm.Participation      Since they are involved in the decisions from the beginning. They are willing to take initiative and contribute costsaving suggestions and growth-oriented ideas. expansion. without raising serious objections..

.Participation    Output cannot be increased unless there is effective co-operation between labour and management at all levels. The way of ensuring this is to satisfy their social and psychological need besides economic ones. Workers’ participation in management is one of the most significant modes of resolving industrial conflicts and encouraging among workers a sense of belongingness in establishment where they work.

. popularly known as Workers‟ participation in management. 1975 introduced a scheme of workers‟ participation in management at shop floor and plant levels. In order to meet this unhappy state of affairs and to secure greater measure of co-operation between labour and management to increase efficiency in public service. But could not succeed. the Government of India on October 30.Participation    The scheme of Joint Management Council. was introduced on voluntary basis.

Workers‟ Participation    In addition to these. . there are voluntary schemes of making the workers‟ shareholders and Directors in the Board of Management. After the constitutional Amendment the Central Government expressed its intention to amend the 1975-Scheme and to provide for effective participation of workers in production processes and accordingly amended the scheme in January 1977. The inclusion of the concept of workers‟ participation in management in the Directive Principles of State Policy through the Constitution (Forty-second) Amendment Act. gave a momentum to the institution of worker‟s participation in management. 1976.

g. the workers may be given an opportunity to influence managerial decisions at higher levels through their elected representatives to joint councils or the board of directors of the company. delegation and job enlargement). Participation may take two forms. ◦ But in descending participation.Workers‟ Participation   Workers‟ participation in management seeks to bridge the gap authorizing workers to take part in managerial process. This form of participation is quite popular in many organizations. It may be: (1) ascending participation. they may be given more powers to plan and to make decisions about their own work (e. . and (2) descending participation ◦ In case of ascending participation.

Workers may work more intelligently if they are informed about the reasons for and the intention of decisions that are taken in a participative atmosphere. Workers participation may foster a more cooperative attitude amongst workers and management thus raising efficiency by improving team spirit and reducing the loss of efficiency arising from industrial disputes. Workers may work harder if they share in decisions that affect them. Workers may accept decisions better if they participate in them.Implications for Participation       Workers have ideas which can be useful. Upward communication facilitates sound decision-making. . Workers participation may act as a spur to managerial efficiency.

the scope and contents of participation may change. “the participation resulting from practices which increase the scope for employee‟s share of influence in decision-making at different tiers of organizational hierarchy with concomitant assumption of responsibility”. . a common thread running through all interpretations is the idea of associating employees in managerial decision-making. Depending on the socio-political environment and cultural conditions. According to International Institute for Labour Studies.Worker‟s Participation in Management     The concept worker‟s participation in management (WPM) is a broad and complex one. In any case. WPM has been defined as.

Workers‟ Participation in Management   The concept of worker‟s participation in management indicates an attempt on the part of an employer to build his employees into a team which work towards the realization of a common objective. According to Davis. . “it is a mental and emotional involvement of a person in a group situation which encourages him to contribute to goals and share responsibilities in them.

. institutions and opinions. The word „workers‟ participation‟ is plentifully supplied with ideas.Workers‟ Participation in Management    “Worker‟s participation in management is a resounding phrase. bridging the past and the future. It echoes the millennial vision of nineteenth century thinkers while heralding the evolution of new forms of industrial organization under twentieth century pressures. Mamoria defines it as a system of communication and consultation either formal or informal by which employees of an organization are kept informed about the affairs of the undertaking and through which they express their opinion and contribute to management decisions.

. not participation. but proliferation. The participation of each should strictly confine to the field for which he is competent and concerned with. This must have been the reason why a group of practicing managers defined workers’ participation in management as involvement of workers only in such areas of activities of the enterprises where they can make some positive contribution for the betterment of the enterprise. Everybody poking his nose into everything is. therefore.Workers‟ Participation in Management    Participation results from practices which increase the scope for employees‟ share of influence in decisionmaking at different tiers of the organizational hierarchy with associated assumptions of responsibility.

It should facilitate the day-to-day functioning as well as inventions and innovations. including diversification. .Workers‟ Participation in Management   Such participation should facilitate effective utilization of available resources and effective execution of longterm expansion plans.

Need of WPM         Reduced industrial unrest Reduced misunderstanding Increased organization balance Higher productivity Increased Commitment Industrial democracy Development of Individuals Less resistance to change .

workers and society at large To provide a better understanding to employees about their role and place in the process of attainment of organizational goals To satisfy the workers‟ social and esteem needs To strengthen labour management co-operation and thus maintaining industrial peace and harmony An instrument for improving efficiency of the company and establishing harmonious industrial relations To improve the quality of working life by allowing the workers greater influence and involvement in work and the satisfaction obtained from work Development of working class .Objectives of WPM        To promote increased productivity for the advantage of the organization.

Financial participation (includes profit sharing schemes and ESOPs) .Team work (including self-managing teams) .Employee Involvement Includes .Downward communication .Two-way communication .Suggestion schemes .Problem-solving groups .

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