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INDIAN POLICE SERVICE

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FLOW OF PRESENTATION
Introduction Central Police Force Function Duties Power Responsibility The field establishment of the police force Measures to reform the IPS

INTRODUCTION

Formed : 1948 Training Ground : Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad Controlling authority: Ministry of Home Affairs Preceding service: Imperial Police (1893-1948) Cadre size : 3899 posts Service color: dark blue and red Uniform color: Khaki

CENTRAL POLICE FORCE

7 CPFs Assam Rifles (AF) Border Security Force (BSF) Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) National Security Guard (NSG) Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)

FUNCTION

Maintaining law and order Riot control Crime investigation Protection of state assets VIP protection Traffic control

DUTIES

Obey and execute all orders and warrants lawfully issued by any competent authority Collect and communicate intelligence affecting the public peace Prevent commission of offences and public nuisances Detect and bring offenders to justice Apprehend all persons whom he is legally authorized to apprehend and for whose apprehension sufficient ground exists.

POWERS

Police may arrest without warrant (sec 41) Procedure of arrest (sec 42) Arrest on refusal to give name and residence (sec 41) Arrested person must be informed the grounds of arrest and right to bail (sec 50) Power to seize offensive weapon (sec 52) Procedure of search of closed place (sec 100) Powers of police officer to see certain properties (sec 102)

RESPONSIBILITY

Public safety and security Taking care of law and order at the district level in coordination with the IAS Crime prevention and detection Traffic control Accident prevention and management

THE FIELD ESTABLISHMENT OF THE POLICE FORCE


Director General of Police (DGP) Additional Director General of Police(Addl.DGP) Inspector General of Police(IGP) Deputy Inspector General of Police (Dy.IGP) Senior Superintendent of Police(SSP) Superintendent of Police (SP) Additional Superintendent of Police(Addl. SP) Assistant / Deputy Superintendent of Police (ASP/Dy. SP)

CONTD..
Inspector of Police Sub inspector of Police Assistant Sub Inspector of Police Police Head Constable (HC) Police Constable

MEASURES TO REFORM THE IPS

A mid or high ranking police officer must not be transferred more frequently than every two years. The state government cannot ask the police force to hire someone, nor can they choose the Chief Commissioner. There must be separate departments and staff for investigation and patrolling.

Creation of 3 new authority in each state A State Security Commission for policies and direction A Police Establishment Board, which will decide the selection, promotions and transfers of police officers and other staff A Police Complaints Authority, to inquire into allegations of police misconduct.