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# YEAR 4: FRACTIONS

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BIODATA

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## Habibah Binti Yusoff

I/C No.: 830115-01-5986 Group : KPLI/MATH/ Jan 09

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## Group : KPLI/MATH/ Jan 09

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FRACTION
What is a fraction? Equivalent fractions Reducing fractions Improper and mix numbers Multiply/divide fractions and mixed numbers Add/subtract fractions and mixed numbers

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What is a fraction?
A fraction is a part or potion of a whole

1 whole shape

Shape - Fraction

## 1/3 Shape - Fraction

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Equivalent fractions
What is an equivalent (equal) fraction? is the same as : 2/4 6/12 Why?
2/4 is of 4/4 3/6 is of 6/6 4/8 is of 8/8 5/10 is of 10/10 6/12 is of 12/12
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3/6

4/8

5/10

Reducing Fractions
1 numerator Part of the fraction above the line. 2 denominator part of the fraction below the line. To reduce a fraction to lowest term, you can : Divide the numerator and denominator by their GCD. GDC? Greatest Common Divisor. The greatest common divisor is the largest natural number That the numerator or the denominator can be divided by with no remainders.
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## Reducing Fractions (cont..)

To find the GCD of a set of numbers, find the prime factorization of each number, select each prime that appears in all factorization, and use it the smallest number of times it appears in any of them. Example 10 = 2 . 5 and 14 = 2 . 7 2 appears in both so GCD of (10,14) is 2 12 = 3 . 4 and 15 = 3 . 5 3 appears in both so GCD of (12,15) is 3 (in this set)
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## Improper & mixed fraction

An improper fraction is one in which the numerator is larger than the denominator.

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## Multiplying & dividing fractions

To multiply two fraction together, you can multiply the numerators and the denominators separately, and then reduce the result to lowest term.

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When adding or subtracting fraction with the same denominator, add or subtract the numerator only and keep the same denominator then reduce to the lowest term.

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EXAMPLE
EQUIVALENCE FRACTION FRACTON CAKE DECENDING ORDER NUMBER LINE FRACTION ORDER FIND GRANNY

FLASH MOVIE
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EQUIVALENCE FRACTION

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FRACTON CAKE

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DECENDING ORDER

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NUMBER LINE

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FRACTION ORDER

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FIND GRANNY

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FLASH MOVIE

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PRACTICE 1

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PRACTICE 2

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