In a simile a comparison is made between two objects of different kinds which have however at least one point in common.

Examples :The Assyrian came down like a wolf on the fold. The righteous shall flourish as the palm tree

Examples :The camel is ship of the desert. state that one thing is like another or act as another . It does not like the simile.but takes that for granted and proceeds as if the two things were one. .METAPHOR A Metaphor is an implied simile. Revenge is the kind of wild justice.

Death lays his icy hand on kings. Examples :Laughter holding both her sides.PERSONIFICATION In Personification inanimate objects and abstract notations are spoken of as having life and intelligence. .

Examples : O Friend ! I know not which way I must look For. comfort. or to a personified objects or idea. .Apostrophe An Apostrophe is a direct address to the dead. to the absent. This figure is important to Personification. Milton ! Thou should’st living at this hour.

man. Examples :Why. . if the river were dry. I am able to fill it with tears. O Hamlet ! Thou hast cleft my heart in twain.HYPERBOLE In Hyperbole a statement is made emphatic by overstatement.

he is dead).. a lie)..e. Examples :He has fallen asleep (i. You are telling me a fairy tale(i. .e.EUPHEMISM Euphemism consists in the description of a disagreeable thing by an agreeable name.

. but few are chosen. Examples :Man proposes. God disposes. Many are called. Is employed to secure emphasis.Antithesis In Antithesis a striking apposition or contrast of words or sentiments is made in the same sentence.

Examples :So innocent arch. .OXYMORON Oxymoron is a special form of Antithesis. She accepted it as the kind cruelty of the surgeon’s knife. whereby two contradictory qualities are predicted at once of the same thing. so cunningly simple.

Art lies in concealing art.EPIGRAM An Epigram is a brief pointed saying frequently introducing antithetical ideas which excite surprise and arrest attention. . Examples :The child is father of the man.

IRONY Irony is mode of speech in which real meaning is exactly the opposite of that which is literally conveyed. Examples :“This is my brilliant son who failed out of college. . and wisdom shall die with you.” No doubt but ye are the people.

PUN A Pun is consists in the use of a word in such a way that it is capable of more than one application. An ambassador is an honest man who lies abroad for the god of his country. the object being to produce a ludicrous effect. Examples : If life worth living ?-It depends upon liver. .

for kings.METONYMY In Metonymy an object is designated by the name of the something which is generally associated with it. for British soldiers. Examples :The crown. . Red-coats.

. .SYNECDOCHE In Synecdoche a part is used to designate the whole or the whole to designate a part. Examples :Give us this day our daily bread(i.e. food). He has many mouths to feed.

TRANSFERRED EPITHET In this figure epithet is transferred from its proper word to another that is closely associated with it in the sentence. . Examples :He passed a sleepless night. A ploughman homeward plods his weary way.

Examples :I am not little(=greatly) surprised. The man is not fool(=very clever). It is the opposite of Hyperbole. . the effect being to suggest a strong expression by means of a weaker.LITOTES In Litotes an affirmative is conveyed by negation of the opposite.

but to put a point more effectively. Examples :Am I my brother’s keeper? Who is here so vile that will not love his country? .INTERROGATION Interrogation is the asking of question not for the sake of getting a answer.

Examples :What a piece of work is man! How sweet the moonlight sleeps upon this bank! .EXCLAMATION In this figure the exclamatory form is used to draw greater attention to a point than a mere bald statement of it could do.

sever. Examples :Simple. how infinite in faculties! In action.CLIMAX Climax is arrangement of a series of ideas in increasing importance. how like a god! . . austere. erect.sublime. What a piece of work is man! How noble in reason. how like an angel ! In apprehension.

It is chiefly used for the purpose of satire or ridicule. . Dalhousie. the great god of war. Examples :Here thou. And thou.ANTICLIMAX Anticlimax is opposite of Climax a sudden decent from higher to lower. Dost sometimes counsel take-and sometimes tea. great Anna ! Whom three realms obey. Lieutenant-Colonel to the earl of mar.