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Matter is the one which occupies space and is made up of molecules or atoms. It is concerned with the study of two concepts – matter and energy and how they interact with each other. Matter is classified into 3 states : (i) Solid (ii) Liquid (iii) Gas . Biophysics is an interdisciplinary science which uses the principles of physics to study the biological systems. Energy is the ability to do work and it has several forms.Physics is a science dealing with nature & natural phenomenon.
4.Properties of matter 1. 9. 10. 2. 7. 8. 3. It occupies space It has weight Inertia Resistance It is divisible Compressibility Porosity Elasticity / Plasticity Cohesion Adhesion . 6. 5.
length . The units which are independent of one another and have their own standard (base) are called Fundamental Units .Unit and Measurements To study the matter and energy and understand their properties .measurements of physical quantities are needed. So. Quantities like mass. The 3 important fundamental units are (i) Length (ii) Mass (iii) Time . Unit is a quantity adopted as a standard of measurement in terms of which similar quantities can be measured.volume and pressure are called physical quantities and are measurable.
Current 5. Time 4. It is a coherent system Physical Quantities 1. km.gm.Systems of Units FPS (Foot . Mass 3.sec. Luminous intensity 7. CGS( cm.pound. Length 2.sec. the “systems international ’ units was introduced. sec. Temperature 6. They are based on properties of an atom.) SI system : In 1990. Solid angel SI Unit Meter Kilogram Second Ampere kelvin Candela radian steradian Symbol m kg s A K cd rad sr 6 Basic units 2 Supplementary units . MKS (meter.). Plane angel 8.) .
µm.Fermi(fm).Angstrom.Mass & Time 1. . . .73 wavelength of the orange-red line of krypton-86 discharge lamp kept at 15˚C and 76 cm of mercury. quintal .cm . .1 meter is the length equal to 16507630. Mass : The unit of mass is ‘kilogram’.In practice .we use : gm.france. mg.1 kilogram is the mass of the platinum-iridium cylinder of diameter equal to its height kept at the international bureau of weights and measure near paris.ton .Units of Length .mm.km 2.nm.In practice .we use : dm . Length : The unit of length is ‘meter’.
.In practice .3.min.631.192. .hr # Derived Units : The units which are not having their standard and obtained from the fundamental units are called derived units. . Examples are : Area = meter x meter = m² Velocity = meter/second = msˉ¹ Density = kilogram/meter³ = kgmˉ³ Acceleration = meter/second² = msˉ² .1 second is defined as the duration of 9.770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between two specified energylevels of cesium-133 atom.we use : µs . ms . Time : The unit of time is ‘second’.
Rotary/circular motion 3. Random motion 5. A body is said to be in motion if it changes its position with respect to its surroundings. Periodic motion .Rest and Motion A body is said to be at rest if it does not change its position with respect to its surroundings. Oscillatory motion 4. Rest and Motion are relative terms. Translatory /linear motion 2. Different kinds of motion are : 1. Motion can be defined as the change in position of a body with time.
The rate of change of position of a body is called speed. Speed in a particular direction is called velocity.has both magnitude and direction. Hence . Velocity is a vector quantity .Displacement. has only magnitude and direction. Speed is a scalar quantity.velocity of a moving body is the rate of change of displacement of the body in a particular direction. . A body is said to be in uniform velocity if body travel equal distances in equal intervals of time. SI unit is msˉ¹. Speed and Velocity Displacement(s) is defined as the shortest distance between the initial and the final positions of a body.
final velocity u – initial velocity t – total time Acceleration can be negative ( deceleration/retardation ) When the velocity of a body changes by equal amounts in equal intervals of time it is called uniform acceleration.Acceleration It is defined as the rate of change of velocity. ( msˉ²) a ‗ v – u t a – acceleration v . .
.time Specified merely by stating a number.mass . Ex.Scalar and Vector Quantities The physical quantities that have only magnitude and no direction are called scalar quantities. are : length .acceleration Represented by directed line segments ( Thus . vector is defined as a directed ) line segments in space representing quantity both in magnitude & direction. Ex. are : velocity . Quantities that have a magnitude as well as direction are called vector quantities.