SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE

THE UNITED NATIONS (UN) DEFINITION
AAR454

UN enlists five principles of sustainable architecture
ECOLOGICALLY BENIGN MATERIAL ENVIRONMENTAL FORM RESOURCE EFFICIENCY HEALTHFUL INTERIOR ENVIRONMENT GOOD DESIGN

LIGHTING)  .RESOURCE EFFICIENCY RESOURCE NATURAL RESOURCE (SUN. ESCALATORS. RAINWATER)  APPLIED RESOURCE – APPLIED ENERGY (A/C. LIFTS. WIND. FLORA. EARTH.

RESOURCE EFFICIENCY KEY: MAXIMISE USE OF NATURAL RESOURCE – no waste. less pollution  MINIMISE APPLIED RESOURCE – reduce pollution  OPTIMISE LOCAL RESOURCES – reduce pollution  .

MINIMISING APPLIED ENERGY A clerestory window in a school typically for NATURAL light and ventilation. FSPU BUILDING?? .RESOURCE EFFICIENCY MAXIMISING NATURAL ENERGY (DAYLIGHTING).

White colour scheme to reflect light.A clerestory window in a grand shopping complex for NATURAL light and ventilation. light and airy. Large volume. .

size and glass materials should be highly considered in our climate as it could be too hot .RESOURCE EFFICIENCY Skylights Usually fixed glass on the roof Factor of orientation.

RESOURCE EFFICIENCY MEMBRANE STRUCTURE – TRANSLUCENT (alternative to glass) TO ALLOW LIGHT TO INTERIORS .

EXPLOITING NATURAL RESOURCE – SUN. WIND AND FLORA FOR COOLING & VISUAL EFFECT AND AMBIENCE .

HOUSE IN NILE VALLEY.•DESIGNING USING NATURAL LOCAL MATERIAL RESOURCE OF MUD AND CLAY . •FAÇADE DESIGN ACCORDING TO LOCAL CULTURE .

MODERN MAN EXPLOIITS ELECTRICITY BY FUNCITIONING 24 HRS. TALL BUILDINGS WITH LIFTS AND ESCALATORS . BUILDING USING A/C THAN NATURAL VENTILATION.

BUILDINGS THEN WERE HORIZONTAL (NO LIFTS. USE NATURAL RESOURCES OF MATERIALS IN THE RAW . CORRIDORS WITH NATURAL VENTILATION. NO ESCALATORS).

HEALTHY INTERIOR ENVIRONMENT ENSURE THAT MATERIALS AND BUILDING SYSTEMS DO NOT EMIT TOXIC SUBSTANCES AND GAS INTO INTERIOR ENVIRONMENT (ASBESTOS. PAINTS. AEROSOLS)  ADDITIONAL MEASURE TO FILTER AND REVITALISE INTERIOR AIR WITH GOOD AIR EXCHANGE AND PLANTINGS  .

NATURAL VENTILATION AND LIGHTING (OPEN PLANNING SYSTEM) . OFFERING GOOD AIR EXCHANGE.INTERIORS THAT INVITES THE OUTDOORS INSIDE.

DEPTH & HEIGHT OF BUILDING DETERMINES EFFICIENT USE OF DAYLIGHTING AND VENTILATION IN THE INTERIORS (INTERIORS WITHOUT PARTITIONS/ WALLS) .WIDTH .

The placement and sizing of windows significantly effects the cooling effects felt from cross ventilation. •essential that windows are located on opposite walls to encourage cross ventilation. •LOOK AT FSPU BUILDING . Important: •Keep inlet opening as low as possible to provide airflow at occupant levels. • Ventilation is most effective when the house is fairly shallow or only one room in depth.

GOOD DESIGN A GOOD DESIGN IS ONE THAT INTEGRATES ALL THE FOUR PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABLE DESIGN ECOLOGICALLY BENIGN MATERIALS ENVIRONMENTAL FORM RESOURCE EFFICIENCY HEALTHY INTERIOR ENVIRONMENT  AND INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING: .

CULTURE AND TRADITION  SYMBOLIC RELATIONSHIP WITH HISTORY. EARTH AND SPIRITUAL PRINCIPLES (FENG SHUI. TAJUL MULUK)  I SAY LEARN FROM OUR FOREFATHERS BECAUSE THEY DESIGN FROM EXPERIENCE OF THE HEART. MIND AND SOUL (TRADITIONAL DESIGNS ARE SUSTAINABLE)  .GOOD DESIGN BUILDING DESIGN IS CLOSELY RELATED TO USER’S NEEDS.

orientation (building form. solar panels) •Use of local materials (timber. •House is integrated with the site (max. site utilisation) •Consideration to climate. space orientation) •Use of natural energy at maximum (linear form. concrete roof tiles) •Custom designed to users needs (not developer’s design for the mass) .Vegas house by Beckman Architect. cross-vent.

the temperature of the ceiling is around 33oC under sunshine at 3:00p.-Tsing Yi Site Office (Hong Kong) -green roof design used to enhance thermal insulation -temperature inside the ceiling without green roof is 52oC at 2:00pm under sunshine on a day with 33oC outside -the green site office.m. . -green roof: significant reduction to the thermal loading of the site office building -green roof soil reduces rainwater run off to 50% of normal. reduces the temperature. reducing the pressure on the ground level drainage system and the possibility of flood -rainwater in the soil sustains the plants.

WHERE IS ITS LOCATION? .AQUATIC STADIUM (THE WATER CUBE).

ALIEN CRAFT HAS LANDED AT TIANANMEN SQUARE….NATIONAL THEATER. A $300 mill. . (THE EGG).

MODERN BUILDINGS WITH TRADITIONAL FORM – FAST FOOD RESTAURANT AND SHOPPLING COMPLEX SIZE AND SCALE ARE HUMANE IN PROPORTION. .

REQUIRES WATER TANK UP TO 3X THE SIZE OF A FOOTBALL FIELD (FOR SPRINKLER SYSTEM) .MODERN BUILDINGS WITH TRADITIONAL PAGODA LIKE FORM (TAIPEI 101) HOWEVER IT CONSUMES ELECTRICITY UP TO 6.000 HOMES.

SIZE OF SCALE OF MODERN BUILDINGS AND OUTDOOR SPACES ARE TOO PUBLIC (NO SENSE OF TERRITORIALITY) – PROMOTES CRIME AND INDECENT/NEGATIVE BEHAVIOUR .

GOOD DESIGN??? SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE??? WHAT SAY U??? .

GOOD DESIGN??? SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE??? WHAT SAY U??? .

GOOD DESIGN??? SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE??? WHAT SAY U??? .

THE END THANK YOU .

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