COMPARING THREE DIFFERENT

FRACTURE BONE PLATE ORIENTATIONS FOR TREATING OBLIQUE LONG BONE FRACTURES

By Lokesh Patil Dept. of Bioengineering Project for MAE6310

INTRODUCTION
• Once bone plate is surgically implanted, new

bone tissue or callus starts to form in the frature gap. • The formation of callus is affected by mechanical stimuli and becomes harder as healing period elapses •Purpose of plate is to provide biomechanical stability with minimal disturbance to biological environment • The callus heals most optimally under a strain of 2-10%

ASSUMPTIONS

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Bone with a oblique fracture (0.5 mm gap) is simplified by a hybrid cylinder composed of cortical and trabecular bone Metal-Biological tissue interfaces were given frictional contact with 0.4 frictional coefficient Situation under consideration is after 4 weeks of fracture, i.e material properties of the tissue growth between fracture gap is from 4 weeks of fracture Patient is assumed to be walking with crutches and the load being put on the long bone is 10% of person’s total weight(70kg) Bone properties are assumed to be isotropic Threads on the shafts in bone plate are not considered

LOADING, BC’S AND MATERIALS
Material properties

Exploded view of the geometry

Loading and Boundary conditions

RESULTS(STRAIGHT PLATE)

RESULTS(90 DEGREE PLATE)

RESULTS(180 DEGREE PLATE)

REFERENCES
[1]Hyun-Jun Kim, Suk-Hun Kim, Seung-Hwan Chang, Bio-mechanical analysis of a fractured tibia with composite bone plates according to the diaphyseal oblique fracture angle, Composites Part B: Engineering, Volume 42, Issue 4, June 2011, Pages 666-674, ISSN 1359-8368, 10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.02.009. [2] Hyun-Jun Kim, Suk-Hun Kim, Seung-Hwan Chang, Finite element analysis using interfragmentary strain theory for the fracture healing process to which composite bone plates are applied, Composite Structures, Volume 93, Issue 11, October 2011, Pages 2953-2962, ISSN 0263-8223, 10.1016/j.compstruct.2011.05.008. [3] Hyun-Jun Kim, Seung-Hwan Chang, Ho-Joong Jung, The simulation of tissue differentiation at a fracture gap using a mechano-regulation theory dealing with deviatoric strains in the presence of a composite bone plate, Composites Part B: Engineering, Volume 43, Issue 3, April 2012, Pages 978-987, ISSN 1359-8368, 10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.09.011. [4] J. Prat, J.A. Juan, P. Vera, J.V. Hoyos, R. Dejoz, J.L. Peris, J. Sánchez-Lacuesta, M. Comín, Load transmission through the callus site with external fixation systems: Theoretical and experimental analysis, Journal of Biomechanics, Volume 27, Issue 4, April 1994, Pages 469-478, ISSN 0021-9290, 10.1016/0021-9290(94)90022-1. [5] Kotlanka Rama Krishna, Idapalapati Sridhar, Dhanjoo N. Ghista, Analysis of the helical plate for bone fracture fixation, Injury, Volume 39, Issue 12, December 2008, Pages 1421-1436, ISSN 0020-1383, 10.1016/j.injury.2008.04.013.

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