(E)GPRS Network Dimensioning

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Objectives At the end of the module the participant will be able to:

• Describe the procedures of dimensioning of a (E)GPRS network

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s.Summary •BTS • GPRS territory • BTS HW considerations (TRX & other cards) • BTS SW •MS/Client parameters • GPRS/EDGE capability and release •Multislot support •RF •BSS • PCU variant & dimensioning • PCU strategy in mixed configuration • BSS SW and features •Gs •IP/MPLS/IPoATM ••backbone •2G •BSC •BTS •Abis •Gb •SGSN •Gn •TC •HLR/ •AC/ •EIR •MSC/VLR •SGSN •HLR • QoS profile • GPRS settings •TCSM • Unit capacity (PAPU etc. FR • Dimensioning •Server • load • settings (Linux/Win) • GPRS/EDGE traffic • 3 .) • BSS Gb Flow control •GGSN •Gi •Application •Applicatio •n Servers •Servers •(co ••located •RF interface • Capacity on time slots • Traffic volume •Abis interface • Abis size / dimensioning • # of E1/T1s •Gb interface • Bearer size • IP v.Network Element and Configuration Audit .

Deployment Planning • The aim behind the preparation of deployment plan is to – adapt the existing network configuration for (E)GPRS – maximize the TSL data rate (RLC/MAC) and multislot usage – minimize the impact of PSW services on CSW services (and vice versa) – take all the hardware and software considerations into account – keep investment controlled The analysis of the different options can give exact picture about the network based on: – Hardware types. software releases – Features. parameters – Current network structure and functionality – Coverage. quality and capacity characteristics of BSS • 4 .

pools. DSPs) • BTS • TRXs • Time slots (Territory) • Available time slots • Abis sharing probability • TRX/PCM • PCM usage • TRX signaling • Link management • E1/T1 links • Voice traffic load • TRX configuration • Signaling channels • Free timeslots (Guard TSL) • GPRS Territory (DED/DEF/ADD.) • Deployment • Coverage • Segment • TRX • SW version • PCU pooling • Interference • Throughput/TSL • GPRS/EDGE • Data volume • Traffic mix – Voice/Data 5 .Capacity Planning – Inputs • The following information should be available to define the available/required capacity: • BTS • BSC • Abis • BSC variant • PCU variant • Restrictions (Abis.

Air Interface Capacity Calculations • The dimensioning of the radio network can be based on two different approaches: – Available capacity: • Calculation determines how (E)GPRS resources are available in a given system • The calculation input is a pre-defined system configuration • The calculation output is the available traffic capacity • Alternatively. and performance requirements • The output is the needed amount of traffic dependent hardware and associated software configurations 6 . the available capacities for different alternative configurations can be calculated – Required capacity: • It is calculated to design a network that supports the defined amount of traffic and targeted performance level • The inputs are additional traffic volume. type.

The next step is to calculate the capacity of the air interface related to the different cell / segment options analyzed before.Air interface Capacity Calculations – Available Capacity • • • The available capacity for data services can be estimated when the existing BTS hardware and the current voice traffic load is known. The air interface capacity calculation contains the following items: – TSL data rate estimation – PSW Multislot usage (with CSW traffic volume and free TSLs) The TSL data rate calculations and the territory figures together for all the cells/segments can give the calculation results of available air interface capacity • Load CS .(Erlang-B) Margin Available for (E)GPRS Total Capacity = CS + Margin (free TSL in CS) + (E)GPRS Traffic x Territory Occupancy 7 .

45 /2.8 /1.35 •0. data user penetration must be known and user data amount per busy hour must be estimated – User profile for BH (example) • PSW BH traffic in kbps and in MB • CSW BH traffic in Erlang • Service Mix: e.1(DL) kbps •BH Traffic in MB •Voice •0. et – Traffic distribution • Number of users • Traffic density • GPRS/EGPRS multiplexing •Application •Voice •Video (Streaming) GBR •PoC •THP=ARP=1 NBR •Browsing (Interactive) NBR •Email (Background) NBR •MMS (Background) NBR •BH Traffic •12•mErl •1(UL)/32 (DL) kbps •8 (UL)/8 (DL) kbps •0.1(UL)/0.8 •1. Using subscriber information is more complicated. 45 % Voice.5 (UL)/3(DL) kbps •0.225/1.1125/0.g. 20 % PoC.8 / 2.045/0.25(UL)/1(DL) kbps •0.Air Interface Capacity Planning – Required Capacity • The required capacity calculation is the calculation of number of TSLs needed for both circuit switched traffic and packet switched traffic in each cell in order to achieve a given blocking probability for circuit switched traffic and required throughput for packet switched traffic.45 •0.8 •0. 10 % Video Streaming.045 •Bearer •Voice channel •32kbps •8kbps •NRT •NRT •NRT •GBR = Guaranteed Bit Rate = RT •NBR = Non-Guaranteed Bit Rate = NRT THP = Traffic Handling Priority ARP = Allocation Retention Priority 8 .

•Peak throughput • 12 Kbps (GPRS CS1-2) •C/I distribution •TSL Capacity •User throughput •per allocated TSL •TSL sharing •Reduces data pipeline capacity •1 TSL 9 . As GPRS traffic increases there will the need to introduce new TRX's in order to avoid excessive TSL sharing.TSL Sharing • • TSL sharing reduces data pipeline capacity if there is not enough TSL available for GPRS.

•A) •TRX 1 •TRX 2 •CCCH •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •Time = T1 •GPRS Territory = 6 TSLs •Circuit Switche d •Packet Switche d •Two 3 TS mobiles each achieve •3*12kb/s = 36kb/s DL •(CS-2 @ 10% BLER) •B) •TRX 1 •TRX 2 •CCCH •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •TS •Time = T2 •GPRS Territory = 1 TSL •Circuit Switche d •Packet Switche d •Two 3 TS mobiles now each •achieve 12/2 kb/s = 6kb/s DL 10 .Rate Reduction • CSW and GPRS traffic levels (offered loads) vary dynamically.

) and one TRX takes two TSLs from Abis •TRX Signalling •Site Level Signalling TCH 0 TCH 4 TCH 1 TCH 5 TCH 2 TCH 6 TCH 3 TCH 7 •TRX1 •Q1-management needed if TRS management under BSC TRXsig BCFsig •MCB/LCB required if loop topology is used Q1-management 11 .Abis Basic Concepts-PCM frame (E1) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 MCB LCB One 64 kbit/s (8 bits) channel in PCM frame is called timeslot (TSL) One 16 kbit/s (2bits) channel timeslot is Sub-TSL PCM frame has 32 (E1) or 26 (E1) TSLs •One Radio timeslot corresponds one 16 kbit/s Sub-TSL (BCCH. TCH/F etc.

8 kbit/s • MCS-2 11.6 kbit/s • MCS-7 44.2 kbit/s Data rate •Abis PCM allocation (fixed + pool) 12 .4 kbit/s • MCS-9 59.2 kbit/s • MCS-3 14.4 kbit/s • MCS-6 29.8 kbit/s • MCS-4 17.Transmission req. for EGPRS coding schemes in Abis • Coding scheme • MCS-1 8.8 kbit/s • MCS-8 54.6 kbit/s • MCS-5 22.

in case of PCU pooling the amount of pooled PCUs.Abis PCU-PCU Connectivity Capacity Planning •In EGPRS networks the main limitation defining the number of PCUs is the Abis channels limits. In this case one has to assume the summed capacity of all PCUs in the pool. •Abis Capacity of PCU or PSE •Capacity for dynamic territory upgrades in a certain BTS(cell) •75% •BTS 19 •BTS 20 •BTS 21 •BTS 16 •BTS 12 •BTS 13 •BTS 8 •BTS 1 •Abis3 •Abis 1 •BTS 1 •BTS 9 •BTS 2 •BTS 17 •BTS 18 •BTS 14 •BTS 15 •BTS 5 •BTS 10 •BTS 11 •BTS 3 •BTS 4 •Abis4 •Abis 2 •BTS 9 •BTS 6 •Abis 5 •BTS 7 •From planning's point of view the Default Capacity is used for each BTS(Cell) •1 RTSL = 1 Abis channel 13 . The available capacity depends on the PCU version. The distribution of the individual Pools along with the associated Radio resources between the PCUs will be done by the system. The 75% connectivity limit should still be considered.

Higher Abis pool size provides more MCS9 capable TSLs on air interfaces. but on the other side. • Abis channels limits for different logical PCUs. – The Abis Pool ** is allocated to the sites (BCFs). in brackets 75%: 14 .if the default capacity is too big more PCUs are needed.PCU Connectivity Planning • The connectivity planning for maximum capacity is based on the proper set of DEFAULT and Abis size – To provide enough capacity for territory upgrade the 75 % utilization in the connectivity limits – The DEFAULT* is allocated to the cells (BTSs(cells) in segment). higher DAP size needs more capacity on E1s and more PCUs as well.

SVS). FR provides NS with DLCI & FR bearer channel. each 64kbit/s •FR layer : end to end logical virtual circuit are created for data transmission (PVC.Gb Interface Protocol Stack SNDCP LLC RELAY RLC BSSGP BSSGP NS FR Gb SGSN MAC GSM RF BSS NS FR •Physical layer : PCM frame of 32 or 24 TSL. They addressed by e-to-e PVCI and node to node DLCI. •NS : 15 .

Logical Structure •SGSN •PAPU 1 •NSEI_1 •BVCI_0 •NS-VCI_7 •NS-VCI_2 •Bearer Channel_1 •DLCI_16 •DLCI_17 •BSS 1 •PCU 1 •NS-VCI_7 •NS-VCI_2 •NSEI_1 •BVCI_0 •BVCI_3 •BVCI_3 •Bearer Channel_2 •DLCI_16 •LA •DLCI_17 •PCU 2 •NSEI_2 •NS-VCI_5 •BVCI_0 •NS-VCI_8 •NS-VCI_3 •BVCI_6 •RA 1 •BTS_3 •BTS_6 •NSEI_2 •BVCI_0 •NS-VCI_5 •NS-VCI_8 •DLCI_18 •Bearer Channel_3 •DLCI_16 •BVCI_6 •NS-VCI_3 •RA 2 •BTS_8 •DLCI_17 •PCU 3 •PAPU 2 •NSEI_3 •BVCI_8 •BVCI_0 •BVCI_22 •NS-VCI_4 •NS-VCI_1 •NS-VCI_11 •Bearer Channel_4 •DLCI_16 •NSEI_3 •NS-VCI_4 •NS-VCI_1 •NS-VCI_11 •BTS_22 •BVCI_8 •BVCI_0 •BVCI_22 •Bearer Channel_5 •DLCI_16 •PAPU 3 •NSEI_7 •BVCI_0 •BVCI_22 •NS-VCI_6 •NS-VCI_9 •DLCI_17 •BSS 2 •PCU 3 •NSEI_7 •NS-VCI_6 •BVCI_0 •BVCI_22 •Bearer Channel_6 •LA •RA •BTS_22 •BSSGP •NS •FR •Data •Signal •Data & Signal •NS-VCI_9 16 .Gb.

In case of redundant Gb.4. The Gb should be capable of supporting the instantaneous data traffic being carried by all cells connected to a particular PCU. Because of very different coding schemes and data rates. 1. it is extremely relevant to know whether the traffic is GPRS or EDGE. two – – – – independent links are needed. If no specific information about the distribution is available the minimum (k=1.25) may be used. The k-factor is based on the estimate of the short term traffic distribution.25. which means one fully used Abis pool takes all the Gb capacity (can be seen as minimum) K-factor can range from 1. on average.(values above 2 are normally not used) • Gb EDGE dimensioning based on traffic figures: – The basic dimensioning of the Gb interface depends mainly on EGPRS traffic. Gb size = k * Maximum Abis pool size for that network area. for EGPRS traffic during a busy hour and the deviation of the traffic between the peak and minimum values. 17 .Gb dimensioning • The dimensioning of the Gb interface can be based on two different approaches: • Gb EDGE dimensioning based on Abis pool: – Each PCU has typically one Gb link towards the SGSN. 3. …. – Therefore. 2. – Data volume per PCU can be calculated (or estimated) as the total data volume per PCU or based on subscriber information. the main decision needed for Gb dimensioning is the amount of payload used.

SGSN Dimensioning Dimensioning Rules • Dimensioning criteria for the number of SGSN per basic/extension units: 1. 18 . Subscriber capacity: 30 000 subscribers simultaneously 2. Capacity of 64 kbit/s Gb interfaces: 256 ie. increment the number of units if any one of the above figures is exceeded until SGSN is fully equipped. Data processing capacity: 12 Mbit/s 3.

DIMENSIONING EXERCISE (NSN Case Study) 19 .

of BTS(cells) per abis pool i. Of sites planned per BSC : 100 Access rate (CIR) is the speed required at the GB interface : 256 Kbps 20 . of time slot used for abis pool on Abis (64 Kbps) : 3 Time slot • • • • • % of upgrade is the Teritory upgrade for the future perspective : 10 % No. of sectors prevalent : 3 No.e the No. of time slot required for the GPRS territory : DEDICATED TS=1 and DEFAULT TS=1 No.INPUT GIVEN FOR THE GPRS PLANNING • No.

of E1 required from the BSC to BTS 21 . of PCU or No. Of BCSU required No.OUTPUT REQUIRED • • • • • No. Of Gb Link required No. of sites per NSEI required No. of NSEI required in BSC No.

16 ~ 19 • So no NSEI required / BSC : 100 / 19 = 5. of EGPRS resources used in 1 sector * No.How to calculate what • No. of NSEI required is equivalent to the no. of PCU required : 6/2 = 3 • No.2 * 3 =6 • So total time slots per site 6 + 6 = 12 • 1 NSEI support 256 time slot with upgrade % as 10 so total no of time slots which can be equipped is 256 . of sectors : 2 x 3 • No. of Gb link = 3 • On 1 E1 we can get 31x64 = 1984 . so access rate can be given by 1 E1 = 1984/ access rate (256) = 1984 / 256 ~ 7 22 . of sites per NSEI is 230/12 = 19.2 +1 (for future use) ~ 6 • If 2 NSEI supports 1 BCSU so then no.10% of 256 = 230.4 ~ 230 • So no. of time slot/sector * no of time slot used for Abis pool :.

Over view of GPRS Network •ELECTRICAL ET •Metro •Hub •GB LINK •BSC •GB LINK •SGSN •GGSN 23 .

NSEI PLANNING •NSEI 1 •NSEI 2 •NSEI 3 •NSEI 4 24 .

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