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Carrier AM
• The other characteristic of the amplitude
modulated signal that it does not contain a
carrier component is called a doublesideband,
uppressed carrier (DSBSC).
•It's obtained by multiplying the message signal
with the carrier signal.
DoubleSideband Suppressed
Carrier AM
F.T
The spectrum of the (DSBSC) signal
The spectrum of the message signal can be obtained
by taking the Fourier transform of
dt e t S f S
t f j
m m
c
t 2
) ( ) ( · =
}
·
· ÷
)] ( [ )] ( [ ) (
m c m m c m m
f f f S f f f S f S + + + ÷ ÷ =
 fm
fm
F.T
The spectrum of the (DSBSC) signal
So the spectrum of the (DSBSC) signal can be obtained by:
) ( cos ) ( ) ( t w t S t S
c m DSB
=
) ( f S
DSB
) (t S
DSB
dt e t S f S
t f j
DSB DSB
c
t 2
) ( ) ( · =
}
·
· ÷
t w t w A t S
c m m DSB
cos cos ) ( =
( )   t w w t w w
A
m c m c
m
) cos( cos
2
+ + ÷ =
c m
A ma A · =
t w w
A ma
t w w
A ma
t S
m c
c
m c
c
DSB
) cos(
2
) cos(
2
) ( + ·
·
+ + ·
·
=
) ( f S
DSB
fc  fm
fc + fm
fc  fm fc + fm fc + fm
fc  fm
The spectrum of the (DSBSC) signal
)] ( ) ( [
2
)] ( ) ( [
2
) (
m c m c
c
m c m c
c
DSB
f f f f f f
A ma
f f f f f f
A ma
f S
÷ + + + ÷ ·
·
+
÷ + ÷ + ÷ ·
·
=
o
o
2
c
A ma·
2
c
A ma·
2
c
A ma·
2
c
A ma·
Power Content of DSBSC Signals
We can obtain the powerdensity of the DSBSC signal by
calculate the upper and lower sideband in AM signal:
LSB USB t
P P P + =
8 8
2 2 2 2
c c
t
A ma A ma
P
·
+
·
=
4
2 2
c
A ma ·
=
2
2
ma
P P
c t
· =
Current calculations
Let( )be the unmodulated current and( ) the
total or modulated current of an AM transmitted
current, both being (rms) value. If R is the
resistance in which these currents flow, then
c
I
t
I
2
2
2
2
2
ma
I
I
R I
R I
P
P
c
t
c
t
c
t
=


.

\

= =
2
2
ma
I
I
c
t
=
2
2
ma
I I
c t
· =
To calculate the (ma) by using the following
steps:
2
2
2


.

\

=
c
t
I
I ma
2
2
2


.

\

· =
c
t
I
I
ma
2
2


.

\

· =
c
t
I
I
ma
Efficiency ( )
It's a ratio between Power Content in one side band
and total power Content in DSBSC signal:
µ
Power in one side band
Total power
= =
t
LSB USB
P
P or P ) ( ) (
µ
=
·
·
4
8
2 2
2 2
c
c
A ma
A ma
0.5 = 50%
= µ
SingleSideband Amplitude Modulation
Single sideband AM (SSBAM) is a variation
on standard AM designed to cut the
bandwidth of the modulated signal in half.
The DSBSC AM signal required a channel
bandwidth of BW =2fm Hz for transmission,
where is the bandwidth of the base band
signal.
SingleSideband Amplitude Modulation
the two sidebands are redundant. so we
demonstrate that the transmission of either
sideband is sufficient to reconstruct the
message signal at the receiver. Thus, we
reduce the bandwidth of the transmitted to
that of the base band signal.
SingleSideband Amplitude Modulation
BPF
The spectrum of (SSBAM)
The spectrum of the (SSBAM) signal can be
obtained by taking the Fourier transform of
) (t S
SSB
) ( f S
SSB
F.T
dt e t S f S
t f j
SSB SSB
c
t 2
) ( ) ( · =
}
·
· ÷
t w t w A t S
c m m SSB
cos cos ) ( =
( )   t w w t w w
A
m c m c
m
) cos( cos
2
+ + ÷ =
c m
A ma A · =
t w w
A ma
t w w
A ma
t S
m c
c
m c
c
SSB
) cos(
2
) cos(
2
) ( + ·
·
+ + ·
·
=
The spectrum of (SSBAM)
)] ( ) ( [
2
)] ( ) ( [
2
) (
m c m c
c
m c m c
c
SSB
f f f f f f
A ma
f f f f f f
A ma
f S
÷ + + + ÷ ·
·
+
÷ + ÷ + ÷ ·
·
=
o
o
By using the correctly band pass filter we can choose which side band
will be select as output from the filter, so we can select the USB or the
LSB.
The output can be
)] ( ) ( [
2
) (
m c m c
c
SSB
f f f f f f
A ma
f S ÷ + + + ÷ ·
·
= o
)] ( ) ( [
2
) (
m c m c
c
SSB
f f f f f f
A ma
f S ÷ + ÷ + ÷ ·
·
= o
The spectrum of (SSBAM)
fc  fm fc + fm
We get the USB when the filter passes all
frequencies between (fcfm) to (fc+fm)
fc + fm fc  fm
We get the LSB when the filter passes all
frequencies between (fcfm) to (fc+fm)
2
c
A ma·
2
c
A ma·
) ( f S
SSB
) ( f S
SSB
Power Content of SSBAM Signals
We can obtain the powerdensity of the (SSBAM)
signal by calculate the power in one of two side
band (the upper or the lower sideband in signal)
USB t
P P =
LSB t
P P =
8
2 2
c
t
A ma
P
·
=
4
2
ma
P P
c t
· =
or
Current calculations
To calculate the total current in (SSBAM) We used
the same way in the (DSBSC), but in this case
the total power equal the powerContent of one
side band
4
2
2
2
2
ma
I
I
R I
R I
P
P
c
t
c
t
c
t
=


.

\

= =
4
2
ma
I
I
c
t
=
4
2
ma
I I
c t
· =
To calculate the (ma) by using the same following
steps:
2
2
4


.

\

=
c
t
I
I ma
2
2
4


.

\

· =
c
t
I
I
ma
2
4


.

\

· =
c
t
I
I
ma
Efficiency ( ):
The Efficiency of the (SSBAM) signal can be obtained by:
= =
t
LSB USB
P
P or P ) ( ) (
µ 1
8
8
2 2
2 2
=
·
·
c
c
A ma
A ma
= 100%
µ
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