DRIVER SAFETY

AGENDA
 Introduction / General Discussion  15 Driver Safety Topics  Driver - Points of Information

WHY DRIVER TRAINING?
 Driving is something we do
daily.

 It’s the most dangerous thing
we do! 40,000 people die each year 115 people who leave home today
will never return

General Discussion

Why Accidents Occur?

 Most frequent causes of
accidents Inatention to detail Speeding DWI/DUI Driving too fast for conditions Failed to yield

Continuation  Other Factors: Road conditions Weather related & Physical conditions Vehicle Maintenance Tires treadwear/pressure Brakes .

Your Vehicle  Property Damage .Destroyed Property  Medical Costs .General Discussion Accident Costs?  Physical Damage .Yours & Passengers  Liability Costs .Other Vehicle(s) physical  Other(s) injuries $$$$$$$ damage .

including safe driving.General Discussion Driver Expectations?  Your Company expects high standards of performance. Right thing to do! . but award winning safety performance.  Why? Because it’s possible. Cost effective.  Your Company expects not just safe driving performance.

Safety Tips  Quick Check Step Process  Defensive Driving Techniques  Rules of the road  General Safety Rules .

15 in 30 1) Pre-Trip Inspection  Take a walk around your vehicle. Tires properly inflated / tread wear. Plates current??? . Windows clean? Lights/signals clean & working. Fluid leaks on the ground.

15 in 30 2) Inside the Vehicle  Adjust your seat and fasten seat belt  Check and adjust all Mirrors  Adust your Headrest  Assure doors fully closed and secured  Scan the gauges .

heater & airconditioner  Make sure you’re emotionally ready to focus on driving . windows.Continuation  Check windows/windshield  Adjust the vents.

15 in 30 3) Your State Of Mind  Mental State Stress / Emotions / Attitudes Drowsiness / Fatigue Vision / Hearing Alcohol .

Myths about ALCOHOL Myth: Coffee will sober up a drinker. . wet drunk. Fact: Exercise makes a hot. Fact: Coffee only makes a wide awake drunk. Myth: A cold swim will sober up a drinker. sticky drunk. Myth: Strenuous exercise will sober up a drinker. Fact: A cold shower only makes a cold. Myth: A cold shower will sober up a drinker. Fact: A cold swim could result in a dead drunk.

 Alcohol distributes itself to organs with the highest fluid content.  80% is absorbed thru the small intestine after passing thru the stomach. approximately 5% enters the blood stream directly thru the mouth and throat tissues. . concentrating on organs with large blood supplies like the brain and liver.The Alcohol Process  When ingested.

.  The liver eliminates the other 90% thru the process of oxidation.  The liver can eliminate approximately one drink per hour. and skin.The Alcohol Process (continued)  Alcohol cannot be stored in tissue. lungs. and less than 10% is eliminated by the kidneys.

Check your mirrors every 5 seconds. . 1 block) Rural (Approx.15 in 30 4) Getting the Big Picture  Scan the road ahead City (Approx. 1/4 mile)  Keep your eyes moving.

Increase your following distance.  Tailgaters Avoid quick changes. Stay 3 to 4 seconds behind. Avoid tricks. (Control emotions.) . Don’t speed up.15 in 30 5) Following Distance  Speed & Stopping distance are key.

15 in 30 6) Lane Changes  Check to make sure there is enough room.  Check your blind spot and space again. (*At all times) .  Make the lane change.  Signal your intentions. Make yourself as visible as possible.  Blind Spots Don’t drive in someone else’s.

. Broken .One way traffic.Traffic in both directions.Passing allowed. Solid .15 in 30 7) Line Markings Yellow lines . White lines .No passing.

8) Sign Postings  Regulatory .Red &White  Warning  .Blue/Back/Green .Yellow &Black  Construction .Orange  Guide Signs.

Be aware of pedestrians and school crossing.15 in 30 9) Right-Of-Way  At an intersection. . Scan the intersection/stop at the limit line Reminder: NO One is gauranteed the right of way. vehicle on the right has the right to go first.

15 in 30 10) Backing  Look at your path. .  Use a helper when possible.  Back to the driver’s side when possible.  Back slowly.

 Exits merging downhill are particularly dangerous. Adjust speed and position Be familiar with surrounding .15 in 30 11) Ramps (On / Off)  Obey speed limits posted. Speed limits designed for autos. larger vehicles need to go slower.

 These signs should be treated in the same manner as a yield sign. .15 in 30 12) Railroad Crossings  The cross buck is found at most public crossings.

Do not move left. . or to the shoulder if possible. to another lane.15 in 30 13) Emergency Vehicles  Immediately move to the right of your lane. stay where you are.  If moving right is not possible.

If the temperature is below freezing and the road looks wet. Bridges .Open the window and feel the front of the mirror and antenna. Melting Ice . Black Ice .Shady parts of the road will remain icy and slippery after open areas have melted.Slight melting will make ice wet.15 in 30 14) Winter Driving  IDENTIFYING SLIPPERY SURFACES. Vehicle Ice . Shaded Areas .Bridges freeze before roads do. (The road is icing up!) .

Release the accelerator.15 in 30 14) Winter Driving (continued) Just after the rain begins. The oil mixes the water and makes the road very slippery Hydroplaning. Occurs at speeds as low as 30 mph. Do not brake. Worn tread and low tire pressure. .

15 in 30 14) Winter Driving (continued) Equipment & Supplies Scraper with brush on one end Snow shovel Flashlight Abrasive materials (cat litter.salt) Jumper cables Warning devices (flares) Sleeping bag or blankets light/matches.sand. candle & high energy food .

 Rock the vehicle if necessary Shift from forward to reverse and lightly touch gas.15 in 30 14) Winter Driving (continued) Getting Unstuck  Turn wheels side to side a few times to push snow out of the way.  Lightly touch gas. . ease forward.

no matter how minor. . Get a police report whenever possible.15 in 30 15) Accident Reporting Report any accident immediately.

Driver Training Don’t Get Caught in an accident! .

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