Remix as an Educational Activity

Bloomfield College January 15, 2013 Dr. Christopher Shamburg cshamburg@gmail.com http://is.gd/bloomfieldkeynote2013

30 years ago…

40 years ago….

30 years ago…

Realtor

20 years ago

100 years ago…

Legal Immigration to the United States Immigration 1820-1920
1,400,000 1,200,000 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0

1820

1888

Department of Homeland Security, Office of Immigration Statistics, Yearbook of Immigration Statistics (various years). Available at http://www.dhs.gov/files/statistics/publications/yearbook.shtm.)

1920

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1880-1920

Efficiency and Industrialization

Occupations that typically need postsecondary education for entry are projected to grow faster than average, but occupations that typically need a high school diploma or less will continue to represent more than half of all jobs.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, Overview of 2010-2020 Projections, 2012.

1900-1990

1991: SCANS Report

2012

Three Premises
• More people need more formal education than they did in the past. • Education has to change to meet the demands of the 21st century.

• Technology has the ability to release an individual’s potential.

Remix

Remix means…
…to take cultural artifacts and manipulate them into new kinds of creative blends (Lankshear and Knobel, 2008).

Some Examples of Contemporary Remix Practices

http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=-ek9CchVpWE

http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=dnhKPw2NXIw

http://www.archive.org/details/DjDang erMouse-TheGreyAlbum

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2T5_0 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UtE H6wZXPA4 AGdFic

Medium
Medium: a means of effectively conveying something.
--Merriam Webster Dictionary

“O”

“O”
Sad

“O”
Angry

“O”

“O”
Surprised

“O”
You won the game.

“O”
You stubbed your toe.

“O”
You learned a secret.

Context: The situation or conditions in which something exists or occurs which can affect its meaning.

I didn’t say he ate your sandwich.

I didn’t say he ate your sandwich.

I didn’t say he ate your sandwich.

I didn’t say he ate your sandwich.

Technology
Context Medium

• • • • • •

Engine Roar Match Strike Crickets Chirp Beating Heart Phone Ring Water Splash

Camping Trip
[Crickets Chirping] Narrator: The family camping trip of '09 was one I'd never forget. [Striking a Match] Mom: Who wants s'mores? [Engine Vroom, Crickets Chirping] Sister 1: Did you hear that? Sister 2: Hear What? You are probably just hearing the crickets. [Phone Ring] Sister 1: Aaahhh! Sister 2: Calm down, it's just my phone Mom: I Thought I said no phones on this trip. [Phone Ring] [Water Splash] Sister 1: Oh my gosh, you threw it in the lake? What if we have an emergency? [Engine Vroom] [Heart Beating] Pause Sister 2: AYYYYY!!!!

http://is.gd/6sounds

DIY Media

DIY Ethos: Allows ordinary people to pursue what had hitherto been professional tasks. It’s the empowerment of non-specialists…from home improvement to media production. (Knobel and Lankshear, 2010)

Participatory Culture
1.5 million hours of content

On Major TV networks from 1948-2008

On YouTube from July–December 2008

Teaching

Scholarship

Life

Project

Food

Music

Remix as a Lens for Cognition

Remix as a Lens for Culture

1600 (
Two Views of Macbeth

) 2012

Murderers

ACT 3, SCENE 3 of Macbeth, A park near the palace.
First Murderer But who did bid thee join with us? Third Murderer Macbeth. Second Murderer He needs not our mistrust, since he delivers Our offices and what we have to do To the direction just. First Murderer Then stand with us. The west yet glimmers with some streaks of day.

www.folger.edu/remix
Third Murderer Hark! I hear horses.

More with Audio: Audio Tour

http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?msid=202821527768466554378.000001123343593be0b1c&msa=0&ll=40.854851, -74.041672&spn=0.304343,0.441513&iwloc=0000011233457d9bbb507

Remixing Text: Fanfiction

Some Genres of Fiction: When the Lit Hits the Fan
Prequels Sequels Missing Scenes Alternate Perspectives Cross Overs Alternate Universes Mary Sues Drabbles

Remix Poetry
London by William Blake I wander thro' each charter'd street, Near where the charter'd Thames does flow, And mark in every face I meet Marks of weakness, marks of woe. In every cry of every Man, In every Infant's cry of fear, In every voice, in every ban, The mind-forg'd manacles I hear. How the Chimney-sweeper's cry Every black'ning Church appalls; And the hapless Soldier's sigh Runs in blood down Palace walls. But most thro' midnight streets I hear How the youthful Harlot's curse Blasts the new born Infant's tear, And blights with plagues the Marriage hearse.

London by William Blake I wander thro' each charter'd street, Near where the charter'd Thames does flow, And mark in every face I meet Marks of weakness, marks of woe. In every cry of every Man, In every Infant's cry of fear, In every voice, in every ban, The mind-forg'd manacles I hear. How the Chimney-sweeper's cry Every black'ning Church appalls; And the hapless Soldier's sigh Runs in blood down Palace walls. But most thro' midnight streets I hear How the youthful Harlot's curse Blasts the new born Infant's tear, And blights with plagues the Marriage hearse.

I Walk Alone by Green Day

I walk a lonely road The only one that I have ever known Don't know where it goes But it's home to me and I walk alone I walk this empty street On the Boulevard of Broken Dreams When the city sleeps And I'm the only one and I walk alone I walk alone I walk alone I walk alone My shadow's the only one that walks beside me My shallow heart's the only thing that's beating Sometimes I wish someone out there will find me 'til then I walk alone

London's Boulevard of Broken Dreams
I walk a lonely road, The only one that I have ever known, And mark in every face I meet, Marks of weakness, marks of woe. In every cry of every man, On the Boulevard of Broken Dreams, In every voice, in every ban, I walk this empty street. But most, through midnight streets I hear My shallow heart's the only thing that's beating, Blasts the new-born infant's tear, Sometimes I wish someone out there will find me. http://is.gd/remixpoetry

Language in the Gutter

Machinima

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0JTFgOIhdzs

Thomas Friedman on Mashups, Globalization and Education
Let’s say you work for CNN as a computer specialist. It’s very likely you will be asked to integrate different kinds of content with different kinds of technology platforms. If schools can actually produce people who are good synthesizers, they’re going to be more effective and innovative workers...[Kids] get mash-ups. They do it naturally. And today, he who mashes best will mash most and be wealthiest…
--Thomas Friedman
From School Administrator Feb, 2008

New Industries are Remix Industries
Quick to hire industries [are] business, creative services, healthcare, science & technology, and social services…many of these sectors will overlap.
--US News and World Report on an analysis of 2012 US Department of Labor’s Job Projections.

What’s the Big Idea: Research
Supporting Ideas
PAPER REFERENCES [Remember to double space and indent all but first lines] BOOK, ONE AUTHOR MLA 5.6.1 Kaku, Michio. Hyperspace: A Scientific Odyssey through Parallel Universes, Time Warps and the Enth Dimension. New York: Oxford UP, 1994. BOOK, TWO OR THREE AUTHORS MLA 5.6.4 Maddock, Richard C., and Richard L. Fulton. Marketing to the Mind: Right Brain Strategies for Advertising and Marketing. Westport, CT: Quorum, 1996. BOOK, MORE THAN THREE AUTHORS MLA 5.6.4 Gilman, Sandra, et al. Hysteria Beyond Freud. Berkeley: U of California P, 1993. BOOK, AN EDITOR MLA 5.6.2 Lopate, Philip, ed. The Art of the Personal Essay: an Anthology from the Classical Era to the Present. New York: AnchorDoubleday, 1994.

Big Idea

http://youtu.be/idh5-P2fmQM

Remix to Research: Send a Video to Your Representative

Example http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=idh5-P2fmQM Planning Material http://is.gd/sendavideo

Assessment Rubric

Movie Trailers

http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLD41EDDA0908BB486

Example: Dred Scott, the Movie

• Book • Important Math Concept • Understudied Part of History (e.g. Whiskey Rebellion, the year 1799) • DS Example • Pi Example
For Dred Scott, look here for some starter media http://is.gd/trailermedia

Dred Scott: The Trailer
Stuff from the Movie Added Narration (student created or teacher suggested)
He was a man yearning for freedom and his family

Quotes from Primary Source: “The Legislation of the Republic is in the hands of this handful of Slaveholders!” “The conspiracy is nearly completed.” etc…
From Albany Evening Journal 1857. http://history.furman.edu/benson/docs/nyajds57309a.htm (Enlivened by students)

In a world consumed by slavery
He took his case to the highest court in the land

But some battles need to be lost, so the war can be won

Organizer

Full project description here: http://is.gd/trailerproject

Math and Science Applications
Technical innovation is often more “bricolage than breakthrough”

Guttenberg’s Printing Press
Wine Press—1st Century AD Chinese Moveable Type –10 Century AD Gutenberg Printing Press—15th Century AD

“More bricolage than breakthrough”

Design That Matters: The Car Parts Incubator

http://designthatmatters.org/portfolio/projects/incubator/

Steve Jobs
Tablet

2002

2010

MP3 Player Late 1990s 2001

From http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2011/11/14/111114fa_fact_gladwell#ixzz1dPyB1d7Q

Futuremedia @ Georgia Tech

ReSTEM: Remix Projects for Math and Science
Convey Issues Through Debate, Interview, or Discussion: Genetically Modified Food Debate

Audio to Accompany a Visual Inspection or Tour: Tour of Brooklyn Botanical Garden . Initial Advice or Hints to Problems, Equations, or Diagrams Memorization: Dehydration

• https://sites.google.com/site/podcastingmath andscience/

Photoshopping

From the BBC, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/1594600.stm

http://www.buzzfeed.com/mjs538/the-pepper-spraying-cop-meme

• • •

Be accurate and comprehensive in the representation of subjects. Resist being manipulated by staged photo opportunities. Be complete and provide context when photographing or recording subjects…

Excerpt from National Press Photographer’s Code of Ethics http://www.nppa.org/professional_development/business_practices/ethics.h tml

Presidential Primaries, 2004. John Kerry June 1971. Jane Fonda1972.

Adnan Hajj’s image of Israeli bombing of Beirut, 2006, Reuters News Service

Women removed from Israeli Cabinet for Conservative newspaper Yated Neeman

TV Guide put Oprah’s head on Ann Margret’s body.

Ralph Lauren Apologized for this extreme touchup in 2009

Iranian Missile Testing, 2008

Britain at War Exhibit, London, 2010

Time Magazine, March 2007, tear added

The Kentucky state Republican Party distributed campaign flyers that depict Steve Beshear, the Democratic nominee for Governor, as a high-roller leaning on a casino table.

French Prime Minister in French Magazine Paris Match, August 2007, had some virtual liposuction

Mussolini’s Horse Riding

Famous portrait of President Lincoln is a composite of Lincoln’s head and the southern Senator John Calhoun’s body

General Ulysses S. Grant in front of his troops at City Point, Virginia. Library of Congress Researchers discovered it was a composite.

Senator Millard Tydings’ a critic of Joseph McCarthy lost his reelection after this doctored photo of him with the leader of the American Communist Party was published.

Unfriending
Stalin, 1930

Mao Tse-tung, 1936

Hitler, 1937

Justice Minister Rachida Dati in the French newspaper Le Figaro in June, 2008

Obama v BP, 2010

Try it, ethically.

• http://is.gd/photshoppinghistory

Reading: Internal and Cognitive Literacy: Combination of skills related to society and economy
New literacies: combination of cognitive, social, technical skills tied to society and globalization

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