2013/1/16

Security Level: INTERNAL

LTE TDD Signaling Procedure and Analysis
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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Objective
Upon the completion of this course, you will be able to:

Recognize the LTE signaling procedures. Understand the typical signaling procedures of network access, paging, and handover. Analyze basic problems.

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Contents
Chapter 1 Network Access Signaling Procedure Chapter 2 Handover Signaling Procedure Chapter 3 Paging Signaling Procedure

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Huawei Confidential Page 4 . LTD..Contents Chapter 1 Network Access Signaling Procedure 1 Cell Searching 2 PLMN and Cell Selection 3 Attach HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Huawei Confidential Page 5 . is a process to resolve primary synchronization signals (PSS) and secondary synchronization signals (SSS) on DL. CP monitoring.Cell Searching  Cell searching. TDD/FDD Initial synchronization RSRP /RSRQ PBCH decoding MIB/ SIB PSS monitoring SSS monitoring Neighboring-cell monitoring RS monitoring PLMN and cell selection PLMN/cell Idle state HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Power on Timeslot layer-1 timer ID Frame timer. known as downlink (DL) synchronization. LTD.. cell ID.

and the physical cell identifiers (PCIs) of the current cell (each cell group has three cell PCIs) can be obtained by using both PSS resolution and SSS resolution. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. and SSSs on the second OFDM symbol from the end of slot 0 and slot 10.Cell Searching  In FDD mode.. PSSs are on the second OFDM symbol from the end of slot 2 and slot 12. and SSSs on the last OFDM symbol of slot 1 and slot 11.  In TDD mode. PSSs are on the last OFDM symbol of slot 0 and slot 10. the cell group ID (504 cells are divided into 168 groups) can be obtained by using the SSS resolution.  The cell ID on the physical layer can be obtained by using PSS resolution. PSSs are the same for transmission from the two slots. Huawei Confidential Page 6 . and SSS resolution triggers a timer of 10 ms. LTD. Whereas. PSS resolution triggers a timer of 5 ms. SSSs are different for transmission from the two slots. PCIs of the current cell = Cell group ID x 3 + Cell ID.

. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 7 .Contents Chapter 1 Network Access Signaling Procedure 1 Cell Searching 2 PLMN and Cell Selection 3 Attachment HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

including DL synchronization and system bandwidth of the cell. By performing MIB resolution. and then obtains the System Information Block Type1 (SIB1) information based on the PDCCH before resolving other SIB information. UE E-UTRAN MasterInformationBlock SystemInformationBlockType1 SystemInformation HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.PLMN and Cell Selection  After cell searching is complete. detects physical dedicated control channel (PDCCH) in the SIB time domain. the UE obtains key information. Huawei Confidential Page 8 . LTD.. the UE obtains the PCIs of the current cell to resolve the master information blocks (MIBs) and system information blocks (SIBs) in the current cell.

08 MHz in the center. the physical broadcast channel (PBCH) is located in subframe 0 of each radio frame and occupies the first four symbols of slot 2 within each subframe 0. occupying 1. Huawei Confidential Page 9 . that is.PLMN and Cell Selection: MIB  The transmission period for MIBs is 40 ms. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. In a period.. PSSs and SSSs are the same in the frequency domain. the 6 RBs in the middle of the frequency domain. LTD.

the UE receives SIB1 on the physical dedicated sharing channel (PDSCH).PLMN and Cell Selection: SIB1  The transmission period for SIB1 is 80 ms. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. If there is a system information radio 
network temporary identity (SI-RNTI). and repeated transmission is performed on other evennumbered radio frames in the TTI. The UE detects the PDCCH on these subframes.. The first transmission is performed in the radio frame numbered a multiple of 8 within a TTI. Huawei Confidential Page 10 . LTD. Transmission is fixed on subframe 5 in the corresponding frame.

SIB 10 contains the primary earthquake and tsunami warning system (ETWS) notification. LTD. and CDMA2000 systems. SIB 9 contains the HNB configuration. SIB2 contains radio resource–related configuration. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. SIBs 6 to 8 contain the reselection configuration of the UTRA. Huawei Confidential Page 11 .. SIBs 3 to 5 contain the cell reselection configuration of the LTE system. GERAN. and SIB 11 contains the secondary ETWS notification.PLMN and Cell Selection: SIBn  The transmission period for SIBn is a multiple of 80 ms.

PLMN and Cell Selection  SIB1 contains the public land mobile network (PLMN) table. the NAS selects an appropriate PLMN. The access stratum (AS) of the UE transmits the resolved PLMN table to the non-access stratum (NAS) of the UE. the UE selects an appropriate cell of the PLMN to camp on a cell with the strongest signal.  After selecting a PLMN. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Then. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 12 ..

Contents Chapter 1 Network Access Signaling Procedure 1 Cell Searching 2 PLMN and Cell Selection 3 Attach HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 13 ..

PDN Connectivity Request Authentication Initial UE message DL NAS Transfer DL Information Transfer UL Information Transfer UL NAS Transfer DL NAS Transfer DL Information Transfer UL Information Transfer NAS Encryption UL NAS Transfer Initial Context Setup Request Security Mode Command Security Mode Complete UE Capability Enquiry UE Capability Information UE Capability Information Indication Radio Interface Encryption NAS message: Attach Accept. LTD. Active Default EPS Bearer Context HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Attach: Attach UE RRC connection Setup Request RRC connection Setup RRC connection Setup Complete eNB MME NAS message: :Attach Request. Active Default EPS Bearer Context Request UE capability reporting RRC connection Reconfiguration RRC connection Reconfiguration Complete UL Information Transfer UL NAS Transfer Initial Context Setup Response NAS message: Attach Complete.. Huawei Confidential Page 14 .

Huawei Confidential Page 15 .. LTD.Attach: RRC Connection Setup HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

. Huawei Confidential Page 16 . LTD.Attach: RRC Connection Setup Request HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Attach: RRC Connection Setup

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Attach: RRC Connection Setup Complete
 The UL dedicated control channel (DCCH) carries the UE registration information and NAS messages (Initial Direct Transfer messages).

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Attach: Initial UE Message (I)

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.Attach: Initial UE Message (II) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 20 . LTD.

. Huawei Confidential Page 21 . LTD.Attach: DL/UL NAS/Information Transfer Uu tracing S1 tracing HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Huawei Confidential Page 22 .Attach: Initial Context Setup Request (I) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. LTD.

LTD.Attach: Initial Context Setup Request (II) Message resolution HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. Huawei Confidential Page 23 .

Huawei Confidential Page 24 .. LTD.Attach: Initial Context Setup Request (III) Message resolution (continued) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Huawei Confidential Page 25 . LTD..Attach: RRC Security Mode Command/Complete HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 26 .Attach: UE Capability Enquiry/Information UE UE Capability Enquiry UE Capability Infomation eNB HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..

Attach: RRC Connection Reconfiguration  Used to establish signaling radio bearer (SRB) 2 and data radio bearer (DRB) 1. LTD. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 27 ..

Attach: Initial UE Context Setup Response HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 28 ..

Huawei Confidential Page 29 ..Attach: Signaling over the Uu and S1 Interfaces Signaling over the Uu interface Signaling over the S1 interface HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.

Attach: IMSI-Based Entire-Network Signaling Tracing (I) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 30 . LTD..

Attach: IMSI-Based Entire-Network Signaling Tracing (II) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 31 ..

.Attach: IMSI-Based Entire-Network Signaling Tracing (III) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 32 . LTD.

LTD.Contents Chapter 2 Handover Signaling Procedure 1 Introduction to a Handover 2 Intra-eNodeB Handover Between Cells 3 Inter-eNodeB Handover Between Cells HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 33 ..

Huawei Confidential Page 34 .. Coverage-based handover: to achieve continuity of services for a moving UE Load-based handover: load-triggered handover.Introduction to Handovers  Definition  A handover is implemented when a UE in the connected state moves to a different cell to perform the UE context update. LTD. to ensure the optimal performance of the whole system  Objective   HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

. Huawei Confidential Page 35 . LTD.Introduction to Handovers Three types of handovers in the LTE system HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

resource preparation. and then the eNodeB performs handover decision.  The whole handover procedure is performed based on UE-assisted network control. Huawei Confidential Page 36 . and handover execution. and release of original resources. handover decision. the eNodeB controls the procedure of UE handover to the target cell based on the decision. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. the UE performs measurements according to the measurement configuration delivered by the eNodeB and reports measurement results to the eNodeB.  In the handover execution phase. The eNodeB delivers measurement configuration to the UE.  In the handover decision phase.  In the handover measurement phase. to complete the handover. LTD. the eNodeB checks the measurement results reported by the UE and determines whether to initiate a handover.Introduction to Handovers: LTE System  Handover is implemented in three phases: handover measurement. the UE reports the measurement results. handover execution..

Huawei Confidential Page 37 .. LTD.Introduction to Handovers: Measurement Control HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Introduction to Handovers: Measurement Report HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 38 .. LTD.

Huawei Confidential Page 39 ..Introduction to Handovers: Handover Command HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.

LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 40 ..Contents Chapter 2 Handover Signaling Procedure 1 Introduction to a Handover 2 Intra-eNodeB Handover Between Cells 3 Inter-eNodeB Handover Between Cells HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

so are the random access procedure of the UE and the signaling interaction with the evolved packet core (EPC).  Inter-eNodeB data transfer is unnecessary. Huawei Confidential Page 41 . The eNodeBs use internal messages to apply for and release resources of the source cell and the target cell. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Intra-eNodeB Handover Between Cells Intra-eNodeB handover between cells is divided into intra-frequency handover and inter-frequency handover.. only resources on the Uu interface are updated.  In the handover. LTD.

resources of the source cell are released. Measurement Control packet data UL allocation 2. Handover Command Buffer packets from MME Detach from old cell and synchronize to new cell The eNodeB delivers a Handover Command message after completing cell admission control and radio resource allocation in the target cell. After the handover is complete. Handover Command DL allocation 4. HO decision Handover Pre paration Handover Completion Handover Execution Measurement Reports The UE reports the Measurement Report message in the source cell.Intra-eNodeB Handover Between Cells UE Source Cell Target Cell eNB MME/MMEs Serving Gateway Area Restriction Provided 1.. continue delivering in transit packets packet data packet data packet data packet data HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Flush DL buffer. packet data 5. Huawei Confidential Page 42 . Synchronization 6. Handover Confirm Handover Confirm The UE accesses the target cell. Measurement Reports packet data packet data Legend L3 signalling L1/L2 signalling User Data 3. UL allocation + TA for UE 7. LTD.

Huawei Confidential Page 43 . LTD.Intra-eNodeB Handover Between Cells Uu tracing on the UE side Uu tracing on the eNodeB side HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..

. Huawei Confidential Page 44 . LTD.Contents Chapter 2 Handover Signaling Procedure 1 Introduction to a Handover 2 Intra-eNodeB Handover Between Cells 3 Inter-eNodeB Handover Between Cells HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

LTD. The prerequisite is that the X2 relationship has been configured between the two eNodeBs.Inter-eNodeB Handover over the X2 Interface  If the target cell and source cell belong to two different eNodeBs over two different X2 links. the target eNodeB informs the source eNodeB to release radio resources of the source cell. and then informs the UE to trigger a handover to the target cell through the reconfiguration message over the radio interface. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. In addition.. an inter-eNodeB handover needs to be triggered over the X2 interface. the source eNodeB transfers non-transmitted data to the target eNodeB and updates the node relationship on the user plane and control plane. After the handover is successful. the source eNodeB applies to the target eNodeB over the X2 interface for resources for the purpose of resource preparation in the target cell. and event A3 or A4 is reported. After receiving the measurement report from the UE and deciding a UE handover to the target eNodeB. Huawei Confidential Page 45 .

LTD. The source eNodeB delivers UE measurement control information and notifies the UE of neighboring-cell measurement. completing the handover preparation. SN Status Transfer The target eNodeB returns the admission result and radio resource configuration information to the source eNodeB. integrity. Area Restriction Provided The UE returns the measurement report after detecting a cell that meets handover conditions. UL allocation 2. Huawei Confidential Page 46 . and measurement information) Serving Gateway MME of the current UE.Inter-eNodeB Handover over the X2 Interface (I) The UE has accessed to the cell and performs services. Handover Request Ack Deliver buffered and in transit packets to target eNB 8. Sequence number (SN) information is used to transfer the SN status and hyper frame number (HFN) information of the UE from the source eNodeB to the target eNodeB for the purpose of data retransmission and encryption integrity protection. DL allocation 7. 0.. The Handover Request message contains the service information and other access layer information (encryption. HO decision Handover Preparation Handover Execution The source eNodeB sends the container delivered by the target eNodeB to the UE through the radio message to inform the UE to trigger a handover. the target eNodeB performs admission control based on the contained service information and radio resource configuration. 10. Buffer packets from Source eNB Synchronisation + TA for UE After receiving the Handover Request message from the source eNodeB. UL allocation Data Forwarding Data forwarding. Handover Request 5. For details. see subsequent description in this document. Measurement Control packet data packet data Source eNB Target eNB Handover preparation: The source eNodeB sends a Handover Request message to the target eNodeB. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. 1. Admission Control User Data 6. Detach from old cell synchronize to new and cell Handover Command 4. Legend L3 signalling L1/L2 signalling 3. 9. Measurement Reports The source eNodeB decides a handover based on the handover algorithm and current state.

Contiue delivering transmited packets 18.User Plane update response 16. Huawei Confidential Page 47 Handover Completion End Marker 14.Release Resource Flush DL buffer. Path Switch Request Ack 17.. Data Forwarding End Marker After the path switch procedure.Inter-eNodeB Handover over the X2 Interface (II) UE Source eNB Target eNB MME Serving Gateway 11. After receiving the Handover Confirm message from the UE. the MME sends a Path Switch Request Ack message. Path Switch Request 13. Handover Confirm 12. the target eNodeB initiates a path switch to the MME to complete the user data transmission. the UE sends a Handover Confirm message to the target eNodeB. the target eNodeB informs the source eNodeB to release related resources. packet data HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Release Resources packet data After completing the user data transmission. 15.User Plane update request After the UE complete the random access procedure to access the target eNodeB. completing the whole handover procedure.Switch DL path . LTD.

Huawei Confidential Page 48 ..Signaling Procedure for the Inter-eNodeB Handover over the X2 Interface (I)  Uu tracing on the UE side  Uu tracing on the source eNodeB side  X2 tracing on the source eNodeB side (same as X2 tracing on the target eNodeB side) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.

Signaling Procedure for the Inter-eNodeB Handover over the X2 Interface (II)  Uu tracing on the target eNodeB side  S1 tracing on the target eNodeB side HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. Huawei Confidential Page 49 . LTD.

The only difference lies in the fact that there is no X2 link between two eNodeBs. If X2 and S1 links are configured simultaneously. an inter-eNodeB handover is preferentially performed over the X2 interface. an intereNodeB handover is performed over the S1 interface.. If no X2 link is configured. Huawei Confidential Page 50 . LTD.Inter-eNodeB Handover over the S1 Interface  Inter-eNodeB handover over the S1 interface is similar to that over the X2 interface. the Handover Request and Handover Acknowledge messages and data are transmitted over the S1 interface.  If a handover uses the S1 interface. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

which then transfers the SN information to the target eNodeB. HO decision User Data 4. 10. UL allocation + TA for UE HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. MME SN Status Transfer Data Forwarding Data Forwarding Buffer packets from MME 12. Handover Reauired Handover Preparation After completing admission control and radio resource configuration. Handover Command Detach from old cell and synchronize to new cell Deliver buffered and in transit packets to target eNB Similar to the handover over the X2 interface. Synchronization 13. eNB SN Status Transfer Handover Execution The MME transfers the Handover ACK message to the source eNodeB. Handover Request Acknologe 8.Inter-eNodeB Handover over the S1 Interface (I) UE Source eNB Target eNB MME/MMEs Serving Gateway Area Restriction Provided 1. 5. Measurement Control packet data UL allocation 2. Admission Control 7. Huawei Confidential Page 51 . Handover Command DL allocation 9. LTD. Handover Request 7.. Legend L3 signalling L1/L2 signalling 3. 11. the source target send the SN information to the MME. The source eNodeB sends a Handover Request message to the MME. the target eNodeB returns a Handover Ack message to the MME. Measurement Reports packet data The MME transfers the Handover Request message to the corresponding target eNodeB for handover preparation.

15. 16. 16. UE Context Release Completed HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Handover Notify packet data Handover Completion The UE accesses the target eNodeB.Inter-eNodeB Handover over the S1 Interface (II) UE Source eNB Target eNB MME/MMEs Serving Gateway 14. UE Context Release Command The source eNodeB returns a resource release completion message. Huawei Confidential Page 52 . Handover Confirm The target eNodeB notifies the MME of the handover completion.. The MME notifies the source eNodeB of resource release. LTD.

LTD.Signaling Procedure for the Inter-eNodeB Handover over the S1 Interface (I) Uu tracing on the UE side Uu tracing on the source eNodeB side S1 tracing on the source eNodeB side HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. Huawei Confidential Page 53 .

. Huawei Confidential Page 54 .Signaling Procedure for the Inter-eNodeB Handover over the S1 Interface (II) Uu tracing on the target eNodeB side S1 tracing on the target eNodeB side HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.

LTD.Contents Chapter 3 Paging Signaling Procedure 1 Introduction to Paging 2 Paging Signaling analysis HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. Huawei Confidential Page 55 .

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. LTD.Introduction to Paging  Paging is triggered in the following three situations:  The UE is in the idle state and the network needs to send data to the UE.  The network notifies the UE of an available ETWS notification. Huawei Confidential Page 56 .  The network notifies the UE of an SIB update.

UE RRC_Paging RRC_CONN_REQ RRC_CONN_SETUP RRC_CONN_SETUP_CMP RRC_SECUR_MODE_CMD RRC_CONN_RECFG RRC_SECUR_MODE_CMP RRC_CONN_RECFG_CMP eNB S1_Paging SAE S1AP_INITIAL_UE_MSG S1AP_INITIAL_CONTEXT_SETUP_REQ S1AP_INITIAL_CONTEXT_SETUP_RSP HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 57 .Introduction to the Paging Procedure (1)  The UE is in the idle state and the network needs to send data to the UE..

UE RRC_Paging eNB S1_Paging SAE HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 58 . the UE must resolve the SIB again and use the network configuration parameters contained in newly received SIBs.  If the UE receives a paging message containing an ETWS notification. LTD.Introduction to the Paging Procedure (2)  The network notifies the UE of an SIB update or an ETWS notification. If the SIB1 contains the SIB10 or SIB11 scheduling..  If a UE receives a paging message of SIB update. the UE must resolve SIB10 or SIB11. the UE must resolve the SIB1 immediately.

. PLMN selection. and cell selection for a UE just powered on UE attach procedure and different types of attach procedures LTE handover procedure and several common handover types in the LTE system LTE paging procedure 3 to 5 key points upon the completion of this course HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Summary Processes of cell searching. Huawei Confidential Page 59 . LTD.

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