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Adjectives DESCRIBE nouns,
correct? Well, they can also show possession.
Here are the possessive
adjectives in English: my, your, his, her, our, and their.
It ‘s like saying “my dog, your
house, his notebook, etc.”
Here are the possessive adjectives in Spanish!
Possessive adjectives show ownership or relationships between people. They are placed before the noun.
In Spanish, there are five possessive adjectives—mi, tu, su, nuestro, vuestro
singular mi / mis (my) tu / tus (your)
su / sus (his,her) or (your f.)
plural nuestro a, os, as (our) vuestro, a, os, as (your inf.) su / sus (their) or (your f.)
Three possessive adjectives only have two forms, singular and plural. Singular: Mi Tu Su Plural: Mis Tus Sus
The possessive adjective must be singular if the noun is singular and plural if the noun is plural.
**While possessive adjectives refer to the owner, their form agrees in gender and number with the noun that comes after them.
Mi, tu and su do not have masculine and feminine forms. They stay the same, regardless of the gender of the nouns they describe. **They do change based on number!** mi amigo mis amigas tus hermanos tus hermanas su abuela sus abuelos
In Spanish, the possessive adjective su has five possible meanings (his, her, its, their, or your (f). Context usually makes the meaning clear.
If the meaning of su is not clear from the context of the sentence, a prepositional phrase is used in place of su.
El hombre busca sus llaves. ▪ El hombre busca las llaves de ella.
María busca su cuaderno. ▪ María busca el cuaderno de Juan.
Two possessive adjectives (nuestro and vuestro) have four forms.
Nuestro Nuestra Nuestros Nuestras
Nuestro means "our." nuestro hermano nuestra hermana
our brother our sister
Vuestro means "your" (familiar, plural). Like vosotros, vuestro is primarily used in Spain. vuestro tío your uncle vuestra prima your cousin
Note that these possessive adjectives are not used with body parts or clothing. Rather, the article is used.
Me gusta el vestido nuevo. (I like my new dress.)
Me duele el brazo. (My arm hurts.)
Mi prima es alta. Todas mis primas son
¿Son rubios los hermanos
de Rafael? No, sus hermanos son pelirrojos.
In Spanish there are NO
apostrophes. You cannot say, for example, Jorge’s dog, (using an apostrophe)
You must say,
“The dog of Jorge,” only in
Spanish. Like this: El perro de Jorge.
This concept of showing
possession is using noun.” For example:
Tengo el cuaderno de Felipe.
La hermana de María es amable.
¿De dónde es la madre de
Juan? Su madre es de Puebla.
His notebook (cuaderno)
My parents’ car (carro) Our Spanish class Your work (plural, familiar) (trabajo) Their neighbors