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CHAPTER 11: DESIGNING AND IMPLEMENTING BRANDING STRATEGIES

Prepared by: Million Tekeste

Tenagnework Taye Tinbit Worku Wossen Belete Yenuse Fedlu Yetseday Haregewoin

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Presenters

Brand product matrix ----------------------Wossen Breadth of branding strategy---------Tenagnework Depth of branding strategy -----------------Tinbit Brand hierarchy -------------------------------Yenus
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Branding strategy

Branding strategy is critical because it is the means by which the firm can help consumers understand its products and services and organize them in their minds. The branding strategy for a firm reflects which brand elements can be applied to which products and the nature of new and existing brand elements to be applied to new products
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Continued

It can be characterized according to its ;

Breadth-in terms of brand-product relationship and brand extension strategy. Depth:-in terms of product- brand relationship and the brand portfolio or mix

E.g.;-a branding strategy can be seen as both deep and broad if the firm has a large number of brands, many of which have been extended into various product categories
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Continued

Two important strategic tools: The brand-product matrix and the brand hierarchy help to characterize and formulate branding strategies by defining various relationships among brands and products.

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The role of Brand Strategy

Clarify: brand awareness

Improve consumer understanding and communicate similarity and differences between individual products Maximize transfer of equity to/from the brand to individual products to improve trial and repeat purchase

Motivate: brand image

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Brand-Product Matrix
1 A Brands B M

Products 2 3

The rows of the matrix represents Brand-Product relationships and captures the brand extension strategy of the firm in terms of the number and nature of products sold under the firms brands

Line and category extensions

The column of the matrix represents:-product brand relationship and captures the brand portifoli strategy in terms of the number and nature 11.7 of

Important Definitions

Product line

A group of products within a product category that are closely related. The set of all product lines and items that a particular seller makes available to buyers. The set of all brand lines that a particular seller makes available to buyers

Product mix (product assortment)

Brand mix (brand assortment)

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It concerns the number and nature of different products linked to the brands sold by a firm. Strategic decisions have to be made concerning how many different product lines the company should carry (i.e breadth) Two authors, by the name lehmann and winer provide in depth consideration of factors affecting product category attractiveness. Aggregate market factors Category factors 11.9

Breadth of a Branding Strategy

Continued

Aggregate market factors;

Market size Market growth Stage in product life cycle Sales cyclicity Seasonality Profit

Category factors

Porters five force model

Environmental factors

PEST Regulatory
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The number and nature of different brands marketed in the product class sold by a firm Referred to as brand portfolio The reason is to pursue different market segments, different channels of distribution, or different geographic boundaries Maximize market coverage and minimize brand overlap

Depth of a Branding Strategy

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Ford Brand Portfolio

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Designing a Brand Portfolio

Basic principles:
Maximize market coverage so that no potential customers are being ignored Minimize brand overlap so that brands arent competing among themselves to gain the same customers approval

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Brand Roles in the Portfolio


Flankers Cash cows Low-end entry-level High-end prestige brands

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Brand Hierarchy

A means of summarizing the branding strategy by displaying the number and nature of common and distinctive brand elements across the firms products, revealing the explicit ordering of brand elements A useful means of graphically portraying a firms branding strategy

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Brand Hierarchy Tree: Toyota


Toyota Corporation
Toyota (Trucks) Toyota (SUV/vans) Toyota (Cars) Toyota Financial Services Lexus

Corolla
CE S LE

Camry
SE LE XLE

Avalon
Platinum Edition XL XLS

Celica
SE SLE

ECHO

Matrix

MR2 Spyder

Prius

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Brand Hierarchy Levels


Corporate Brand (General Motors) Family Brand (Buick)

Individual Brand (Park Avenue)

Modifier: Item or Model (Ultra)


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Corporate Brand Equity

Occurs when relevant constituents hold strong, favorable, and unique associations about the corporate brand in memory Encompasses a much wider range of associations than a product brand

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Family Brands

Brands applied across a range of product categories An efficient means to link common associations to multiple but distinct products

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Individual Brands

Restricted to essentially one product category There may be multiple product types offered on the basis of different models, package sizes, flavors, etc.

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Modifiers

Signals refinements or differences in the brand related to factors such as quality levels, attributes, functions, etc. Plays an important organizing role in communicating how different products within a category that share the same brand name are

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Corporate Image Dimensions Corporate product attributes, benefits or


Corporate product attributes, benefits or attitudes


Quality Innovativeness Customer orientation Concern with the environment Social responsibility Expertise Trustworthiness Likability
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People and relationships

Values and programs


Corporate credibility

Brand Hierarchy Decisions

The number of levels of the hierarchy to use in general How brand elements from different levels of the hierarchy are combined, if at all, for any one particular product How any one brand element is linked, if at all, to multiple products Desired brand awareness and image at each level

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Number of Hierarchy Levels

Principle of simplicity

Employ as few levels as possible Logic and relationship of all brand elements employed must be obvious and transparent

Principle of clarity

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Levels of Awareness and Associations

Principle of relevance

Create global associations that are relevant across as many individual items as possible Differentiate individual items and brands

Principle of differentiation

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Linking Brands at Different Levels

Principle of prominence

The relative prominence of brand elements affects perceptions of product distance and the type of image created for new products

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Linking Brands Across Products

Principle of commonality

The more common elements shared by products, the stronger the linkages

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Brand Architecture Guidelines


Adopt a strong customer focus Avoid over-branding Establish rules and conventions and be disciplined Create broad, robust brand platforms Selectively employ sub-brands as means of complementing and strengthening brands Selectively extend brands to

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Corporate Brand Campaign

Different objectives are possible:

Build awareness of the company and the nature of its business Create favorable attitudes and perceptions of company credibility Link beliefs that can be leveraged by productspecific marketing Make a favorable impression on the financial community Motivate present employees and attract better recruits Influence public opinion on issues 11.31

Using Cause Marketing to Build Brand Equity

The process offormulating and implementing marketingactivities that are characterized by an offer from the firm to contribute a specified amount to a designated cause when customers engage in revenueproviding exchanges that satisfy organizational and individual objectives
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Building brand awareness Enhancing brand image Establishing brand credibility Evoking brand feelings Creating a sense of brand community Eliciting brand engagement

Advantages of Cause Marketing

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Green Marketing

A special case of cause marketing that is particularly concerned with the environment Explosion of environmentally friendly products and marketing programs

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Crisis Marketing Guidelines

The two keys to effectively managing a crisis are that the firms response should be swift and that it should be sincere.

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