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WHAT IS A STITCH?

One unit of confirmation resulting from one or more strands or loops of thread inter looping or passing into or through material is called STITCH

How is a Stitch formed? The formation of a stitch begins when the needle penetrates the fabric and descends to its lowest point. The bobbin hook then slides by the needle's scarf, catching the upper thread and carries it around the bobbin and bobbin thread. The thread is then pulled up into the fabric, completing the stitch.

STITCHING consists of a series of stitches used to decorative stitch or hem a single ply of fabric.

STITCHES LOCK STITCH FORMATION

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STITCH LOCK STITCH . .

Width.STITCH PROPERTIES  Stitch Size (Length. Depth)    Stitch Length (spi) Stitch Width (Single Horizontal Span (Bight) ) Stitch Depth (Distance b/w the upper and lower surface of the stitch)   Thread Tension Stitches Consistency .

STITCH PROPERTIES       Class 100 Class 200 Class 300 Class 400 Class 500 Class 600 Chain Stitch Hand Stitch Lock Stitch Multithread Chain Stitch Overedge Stitch Cover Stitch .

.STITCH TYPES CLASS 100 .

.STITCH TYPES CLASS 300 .

STITCH TYPES CLASS 400 . .

.STITCH TYPES CLASS 400 .

STITCH TYPES CLASS 500 . .

.STITCH TYPES CLASS 600 .

.WHAT IS A SEAM? A seam is a joint consists of series of stitches used to join two or more plies of fabric together.

SEAM DIMENSIONS      Seam Length Seam Width Seam Allowance Seam Heading Seam Depth .

SEAM TYPES Superimposed Seam (SS) Fabric plies stacked on top of one another with edges even like a book with stitch near edge Characteristics:  57 different seam types  Used in major structural seams and many minor detail seams .

SEAM TYPES Lapped Seam (LS) Overlapped seam allowances of two or more plies sewn together with the plies extending in opposite directions .

setting pockets. largest seam class More casual in appearance because some type of top stitching is always used Used to attach front bands of shirts. but never an over edge stitch . side seams of quality dress shirts.SEAM TYPES Lapped Seam (LS) Overlapped seam allowances of two or more plies sewn together with the plies extending in opposite directions Characteristics    102 different seam types.  Attach waistline of underwear and sports wear for less bulk outer leg seams of jeans  Sewn with lockstitch or chain stitch.

.SEAM TYPES Bound Seam (BS) Fabric binding strips sewn to enclose raw edges.

Characteristics  18 seam types  Not used for structural seams  Attachment on the sewing machine used to sew seam  Used on edges of short sleeve on some t-shirts and necklines  Sewn with lockstitch.SEAM TYPES Bound Seam (BS) Fabric binding strips sewn to enclose raw edges. chain stitch. or cover stitch  Never sewn with over edge stitch  Found only on edges .

SEAM TYPES Flat Seam (FS) Fabric plies whose raw edges are abutted. . but not Over lapped and sewn together.

Characteristics:  6 seam types  Usually a cover stitch is used  Appears similar on both sides  Used in sweat shirts. lingerie.SEAM TYPES Flat Seam (FS) Fabric plies whose raw edges are abutted. but not Over lapped and sewn together. and long underwear .

SEAM USES .