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STOWAWAYS

Student project by Sandro Krstičević & Sanjin Sušanj

port authorities) .Stowaways as a problem     international problem ever-present problem for the shipping industry growing problem problem for all subjects involved (shipowner. crew.

Definition  Resolution A.871(20) defines a stowaway: “as a person who is secreted on a ship." . without the consent of the shipowner or the master or any other responsible person and who is detected on board after the ship has sailed. or in cargo which is subsequently loaded on the ship. and is declared as a stowaway by the master to the appropriate authorities.

Conventions and Guidelines   Brusselles convention (1957) Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL convention)(1965) The Guidelines on the Allocation of Responsibilities to Seek the Successful Resolution of Stowaway Cases (1997) The United Nations Declaration on Human Rights (1948) The European Convention on Human Rights (1953)    .

Geographical risk areas    civil wars natural disasters economic downturn GEOGRAPHICAL RISK AREAS BELGIUM WEST AFRICA 2% 1% 19% 2% 1% RED SEA EAST AFRICA COLUMBIA BRAZIL 27% 44% 4% TURKEY OTHERS .

Type of ships TYPE OF SHIPS 8% 4% 9% 4% RORO CARGO TANKER BULK CARRIER 16% OFFSHORE SPECIALIST CAR CARRIER 1% 45% 2% 11% PASSANGER FERRY CONTAINER SHIPS GENERAL CARGO OTHER .

Container ships    container ships regularly trade between Europe and North America and also between African and European ports wide variety of hiding places aboard a container ship the open plan of container ports and their low level of security makes them easily accessible .

How should stowaways be treated?     they are not criminals basic human rights should be respected should not be arrested or detained should not be forced to work .

water and appropriate clothing Keep stowaways in a secure.Master’s responsibility           Check their state of health Find out their identity and the reasons they are on board Inform the shipowner. local agent and insurance company (P&I Club) Provide food. dry and well ventilated area with proper sleeping facilities Treat stowaways well and fairly because that ensures less of security risk for all Inform stowaways in an emergency procedure Search concealed weapons. drugs and other risky things Inform the officers and the crew how the situation will be managed Keep detailed record off all activities .

Master’s responsibility         Treat stowaway in aggressive manner Allow any crew member to become friendly with a stowaway Enter to his room unless two crewmember are present Allow stowaway access to any part of ship without being accompanied Add them to the crew list Give them anything that could be used as a weapon Try to hide their presence from the immigration authorities Force them to work .

Conclusion      prevention awareness of regional “hot spots” acting in accordance with “The Guidelines” close cooperation between the Master. shipowner and port authorities respecting basic human rights .

43. 145-148.References       Eltchelebi. no. in: UPP. Resolution A. available at: http://www..871(20).html [accessed 25th March 2011] International Transport Workers' Federation.com/docs/standard_safety_april_09-2.html [accessed 11th March 2011] . Resolution A. available at: http://www. 10 October 1957. April 2009.org/refworld/docid/3ae6b3a80.: Standard safety Special feature – Stowaways. 59-72 UN High Commissioner for Refugees.unhcr. 37 (1995). available at: http://www. available at: http://www. page.2/Circ. B.org/seafarers/policies. 27 November 1997.gard. 8th-10th October. Annex. International Convention Relating to Stowaways ("Brussels Convention"). D. Slijepi putnici i kaznena odgovornost. Singapore.871(20).standard-club. Guidelines on the Allocation of Responsibilities to Seek the Successful Resolution of Stowaway Cases. available at: www.unhcr. FAL. ITF policy on Stowaways.cfm [accessed 25th March 2011] Pavišić.org/refworld/docid/3ae6b31db.no/ikbViewer/Content/2287134/Guidance%20to%20st [accessed 25th March 2011] International Maritime Organization (IMO).pdf [accessed 25th March 2011] Guard Guidance on Stowaways.itfglobal.

. Rijeka Nautical Studies and Maritime Transport Technology. April.Thank you for your attention! Sandro Krstičević & Sanjin Sušanj Faculty of Maritime Studies. 2011.