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It is used to indicate habitual actions: I exercise every morning. "The present tense designates action occurring at the time of speaking or writing: Shelives in Toronto. . . It is also used to express general truths (Time flies) and scientific knowledge (Light travels faster than sound). she is writing.  The verb tense that expressing action in the present time. . as in She writes. .

◦ to describe works of literature and the arts: Hamlet avoids avenging his father's death for one reason." . Michael returns in the morning. "Present tense also has some special uses: ◦ to indicate future time when used with time expressions: We travel to Italy next week.

. She frequently arrives here before me. Look at these examples (the adverbs are shown in bold): ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ I always come to school by cycle. The present simple tense is very often used with adverbs of repeated time. I often catch the late bus home. He never forgets to do his homework.

◦ . When we want to state a fact or ask a question without any time reference. .I live in Frankfurt. we use the present simple tense.For breakfast.She plays football but she does not play tennis. he eats rice and drinks cold milk. ◦ . ◦ .

◦ ADD –s OR –es TO THIRD PERSON SINGULAR SUBJECTS ( he . TO FORM THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE . she . WE USE do not ( don’t ) or does not ( doesn’t ) plus the verb . USE THE BASE FORM OF THE VERB FOR THE MOST FORMS. it or singular nouns )  IN NEGATIVE STATEMENTS .

 Subject + verb ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ I work You work We work They work The computers work ◦ He / She / It works ◦ The computer works .

 Subject + Do / Does + Base Verb ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ I do not work You do not work We do not work They do not work The computers do not work ◦ He / She / It does not works ◦ The computers does not works .

◦ Add -s to most verbs = walk – walks ◦ Add -es to verbs that end in sh . add – s = pay-pays / play-plays . x or o = finish – finishes / catch – catches / go –goes ◦ If a verb ends in a consonant + y . change the y to i and add –es = try-tries / study – studies ◦ If a verb ends in a vowel + y . When we add –s to base verbs . ch . we change spelling some verbs. ss.

 We use the simpe present tense when we talk about habitual actions and for things that happens all the time or are always true. ◦ Example  Mike talks on the phone a lo  He writes movie reviews on his computer everyday .

I don’t have time to help you now ◦ Formal or Emphatic= The president does not want this report to be late. . We use the full forms do not and does not in informal writing and in speech when we want to emphasize the negative ◦ Informal = I’m sorry. We use the negative contructed forms don’t and doesn’t in speech and informal writing.

4. The cat (sleep/sleeps) on the sofa every day. Milk (cost/costs) two dollars a quart. Ms.     1. 2. 5. . Jerry and Linda (come/comes) to school on time. 3. Jerry (come/comes) to school on time. Jones (teach/teaches) geography.