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literary critics are not always. and have not always been. experiences and feminist politics in a variety of fields. such as anthropology and sociology. education and philosophy. psychoanalysis. It aims to understand the nature of gender inequality . Though two activities are closely related. and interpretation of literature. which is the philosophical discussion of its methods and goals. evaluation. . economics. Modern literary criticism is often informed by literary theory. Feminist Theory The extension of feminism into theoretical or philosophical discourse. communication. literary. theorists. It examines women’s social roles.Literary Criticism Is the study.
feminist research rejects Weber’s value-free orientation in favor of being overly political-doing research in pursuit of gender equality. Thus. . interests. much of feminist theory also focuses on analyzing gender inequality. art history and contemporary art.While generally providing a critique of social relations. Feminist researchers embrace two key tenets: (1) their research should focus on the condition of women in society and (2) their research must be grounded in the assumption that women generally experience subordination. objectification (especially sexual objectification). patriarchy. and the promotion of women’s rights. and aesthetics. issues. Themes explored in feminism include discrimination. stereotyping. oppression.
as part of deconstruction of existing power relations. Virginia Woolf and Margaret Fuller to cutting-edge theoretical work in women’s studies and gender studies by “third wave” authors. Since the arrival of more complex conceptions of gender and subjectivity. . It has considered gender in the terms of Freudian and Lacanian pschoanalysis. Its history has varied. feminist literary criticism has taken a variety of new routes. In the m0st general.Feminist literary criticism is literary criticism informed by feminist theories or politics. from classic works of female authors such as George Eliot. feminist literary criticism before the 1970s was concerned with politics of women’s authorship and the representation of women’s condition within literature.
. the main character in the story brings his wife who was born and raised in the city. Leon. fashionably dressed city girl thrust into rustic was of the barrio. the feminist approach is a fitting approach to the story. Feminism is obvious concept and therefore. The readers see here a typical.Manuel Arguilla’s portrayal of the title of Ilocano peasants is manifested in the story.
It started with an implied description of the city girl. She was tall. She was lovely. giving the impression of equality and treatment. suppression and deprivation of any sort.” These lines suggest tat woman in the story is free from any inhibition. . citing her demure but elegant style: “She stepped down from the carretela with a quick delicate grace. and her forehead was on a level of his mouth. She looked up to the brother with a smile.
Since the feminist approach is concerned with its impact on gender. it usually begins with a patriarchal culture description. his gender status may even be elevated into a certain extent. although at some part on the story. But the writer Arguilla reverses the process. emphasizing woman power from the start. the female character shows some equality of weakness: “I am afraid. He may not like me. in writing and reading.In some point.” .
hers skirt spread over them so that only the toes and heels of shoes were visible.” . Feminist argue that the male fear is portrayed trough female characters its seems that Maria is in a case of genuine fear: She was really concerned about Leon’s father Feminist may continue to argue that gender differences are imposed by society. as exemplified in the following: “She sat up straight on the bottom of the cart. Gender may determine nothing. legs bend together at one side.Those words from Maria is word of doubt and fear.
She loves the things and the people deer to Leon. behave or even dress like that. in the countryside was another point to consider. the beast(Carabao) used by the country folks: she sang with gusto to the tune of the song of the narrator’s brother: her amazement with the stars at night. . In other words.Typical city girl would not act. She even showed her likings and appreciation for Labang. she likes the place. Yet Maria is an exception in exposing her acquisition and assimilation of the culture of rural people. There maybe some partial imitations of the prevailing modes of the dominant tradition and some internalization of its standards. the natural surroundings and the beauty of the countryside.
as depicted by Maria. One larger purpose of literature is to teach morally and to probe some philosophical issues. related to morality.This is what happen to Maria. . emotional or psychological set –up. the moral or humanistic approach is used in the story. A feminist approach to literature is addressed to this problem. in the story . Alongside with the feminist approach. A lot of women have been some what under represented in the traditional settings.
The story is a picture of a close knit community or family. in accommodating Leon’s brother (the narrator himself) and treating him nicely and kindly. as the story unfolds. There is some mental or emotional disturbance of Leon’s Father indicated by the statement that his leg was wounded in the revolution that troubles his ailing legs. That is the one “test” of how a woman should relate to who ever she encounters in the family of one’s in-laws . . Maria makes good sense.
it shows the difference of culture in the lives of people and how it affects people's behaviour. yet Leon’s culture interrupted this to happen by simply singing the song together ”Sky Sown with Stars. One can readily see the impact of “culture” through the characters in the story. Although Maria. the cultural approach is also relevant in the story. was getting impatient and constantly “culture” embedded in her personality was also started to get loose or irritated. The pleasures enjoyed by the rural folks are simple enough which maybe denied to city folks like Maria. at the start.On the other hand. ” . Yet Maria smart enough to “adjust” in this assimilation or acculturation process.
The End .
establishing.is the collection of movements aimed at defining. economic. and social rights for women. and defending equal political. . feminism seeks to establish equal opportunities for women in education and employment. In addition.
It can also be defined as an act or instance of oppressing. cruel. adverse condition. mentally or physically. or unjust manner. and anxiety. by troubles.is the exercise of authority or power in a burdensome. . the state of being oppressed. and the feeling of being heavily burdened.
children and property. .is a social system in which the male acts as the primary authority figure central to social organization. and where fathers holds authority over women.
However. Within and across different psychology disciplines. . but that belief may or may not accurately reflect reality. though each one may also harbour unique aspects that may complement or contradict the others. there are different concepts and theories of stereotyping that provide their own expanded definition. is a belief that may be adopted about specific types of individual or certain ways of doing things. Some of these definitions share commonalities. this is only a fundamental psychological definition of a stereotype.
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