Recap!

Growth of the New Testament
Stage 3: New Testament Writings includes 4 gospels – Letters to Various Communities – A chronicle of the early church (acts) – A Highly symbolic work (Revelation)

Letter to Various Communities
• The New Testament, there are twenty-one (21) documents that take the form of letters or epistles.
• Wherein, fourteen of these have been traditionally attributed to Paul. • “Captivity Epistles” (Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians and Philemon) • “Pastoral Epistles” (1-2 Timothy and Titus) • “Catholic Epistles”

Paul to the Philippians Remaining faithful to Christ . Paul to the Galatians Justification by faith alone Letter of St.Letter of St.

Letter of St. Paul to the Galatians .

C and retain Gaulish features of culture and language in Paul’s day • part of the country that we now call Turkey.Galatia • Is an ethnic reference to a Celtic people living in northern Asia minor but most agree that it is a geographical reference to the roman province in central Asia Minor • Settled by immigrant Celts in the 270s B. .

Churches of Galatia • • • • Antioch in Pisidia Iconium Lystra Derbe were founded by Paul Composed mainly of converts from paganism .

. that he might confirm the Galatian churches in the faith of Christ • Especially with respect to the important point of justification by faith alone.Purpose of Writing • The Churches in Galatia were formed partly of converted Jews and partly of gentile converts • Paul asserts his apostolic character and the doctrines he taught.

in this epistle (Gal.) The attention is directed to the point that men are justified by faith without the works of the law of Moses . • -.that is Justification by faith alone • However. the subject is mainly the same as that which is discussed in the epistle to the Romans.• Thus.

• Galatians was not an essay in contemporary history. • It was a protest against corruption of the gospel of Christ • The essential truth of Justification by faith had been obscured by the judaizers insistence • That believers in Christ must keep the law if they expected to be perfect before God .

.• When Paul knew that this false teaching had begun to penetrate the Galatian Churches and alienated them from their heritage of liberty. • Paul wrote the impassioned remonstrance contained in this epistle .

Who wrote it? • Paul wrote the letter to the Galatians along with “all the brothers with me”. .

most likely among the descendants of Celts • New Christians that were converts from paganism .To whom was the letter to the Galatians written? • The letter to the Galatians was written to the members of the churches in Galatia • Paul’s converts.

When was it written? • Probably written around A.D 54 or 55 • Most likely during his third missionary journey .

possibly in Antioch since this was his home base .Where was it written? • Probably from Ephesus.

Parts of the letter to the Galatians .

1:1-5) . an apostle not from human beings nor through a human being but through Jesus Christ and God the Father who raised him from the dead. to whom be glory forever and ever. to the churches of Galatia: Grace to you and peace from God our father and the Lord Jesus Christ. who gave himself for our sins that he might rescue us from the present evil age in accord with the will of our God and Father.Greetings “Paul. and all the brothers who are with me. Amen” (New American Bible. Gal.

1:6-10) “I am surprised at you! In no time at all you are deserting the one who called you by the grace of Christ.Good News Bible in Today’s English version. 1:6-7 • Distortion of the Gospel of Christ • Sacrificing their faith in Christ in order to fall back into the slavery of the old law . and are accepting another gospel. there is no “other gospel. Gal.” but I say this because there are some people who are upsetting you and trying to change the Gospel of Christ” . Actually.Loyalty to the Gospel (Gal.

1:11-2:21) • Life of St. 13-17) • Paul’s First Journey to Jerusalem as a Christian (v. 18-24) • Incident in Antioch involving Kephas and persons from James (2:11-14) .Paul’s Defense of his Gospel Authority (Gal. Paul before the call from God (v.

we are Jews by birth and not “Gentile sinners.Paul’s Defense of his Gospel Authority (Gal. too. We. For no one is put right with God by doing what the Law requires “ .” as they are called. and not by doing what the Law requires. never by doing what the law requires. 1:11-2:21) • Heart of the letter “Indeed. Yet we know that a person is put right with God only through faith in Jesus Christ. have believed in Christ Jesus in order to be put right with God through our faith in Christ.

as much as the gentiles are– does this mean that Christ is serving the cause of sin? By no means!” (Gal. 2:17) • “If I start to rebuild the system of Law that I tore down.• “ If then. we are found to be sinners. I have been put to death with Christ on his cross” (2:1819) . then show myself to be someone who breaks the Law… I am dead– killed by the Law itself– in order that I might live for God. as we try to be put right with God by our union with Christ.

I refuse to reject the grace of God. I live by Faith in the Son of God. But if a person is put right with God through the Law. it means that Christ died for nothing!” (Gal. but it is Christ who lives in me. 2:20-21) .“So that it is no longer I who live. who loved me and gave his life for me. This life I live now.

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