.1990 GRI Study on Drilling Costs Major Categories Making Hole Changing Bits And Steel Casing Well & Formation Characteristics Total Drilling Time Drilling for Oil and Gas in the US % of Total Time 48 27 25 100% .

High-energy Laser Applications Lasers could play a significant role as a vertical boring & perforating tool in gas well drilling .

System Vision  Laser on surface or within drilling tubing applies infrared energy to the working face of the borehole. all in real time.  Excavated material is circulated to the surface as solid particles . as well as imaging of the borehole wall.  The downhole assembly includes sensors that measure standard geophysical formation information.

.  The ceramic thus formed can replace the steel casing currently used to line well bores to stabilize the well and to control abnormal pressures. some or all of the excavated material is melted and forced into and against the wall rock. When desired.

. When the well bore reaches its target depth.  All this is done in one pass without removing the drill string from the hole. the well is completed by using the same laser emergy to perforate through the ceramic casing.

MIRACL – Simulated Perf Shot A two-inch laser beam is sent to the side of a sandstone sample to simulate a horizontal drilling application. .

MIRACL – Simulated Borehole Shot After a four-second exposure to the beam. . a hole is blasted through the sandstone sample. removing six pounds of material.

because there is no need to cut the rock. Laser drilling can penetrate the at 10 to 100 times faster than the typical drilling process. it melts it instead. it reduces cost of the total drilling operations and provides enough energy to cut the rock. because the laser bit does not touch the rock. Moreover. Normal drilling operations take a lot of time and a lot of equipments while laser drilling can drill it easily with much less equipment. .ADVANTAGE  Laser drilling saves a lot of workers' time in drilling an oil well.

because now most of the wells are drilled horizontally or drilled using the "Directional Drilling" method. Drilling the rock at any angle is an important feature at the present time. It is also important. which needs a lot of equipment to do so. . That is because this feature means there is no need to bring a lot of equipment to drill horizontally. because most of time is used in drilling horizontally. Laser Drilling technique can drill at any angle.

clean the hole. However. provide a sufficient hydrostatic pressure.  Laser drilling does not need all that. Another Advantage of laser drilling is. which means it does not need much work to the fragments after drilling. That means. it does not break it. Its function is to lubricate the bit. . It will be a lot more neater than the normal drilling because it will not need mud. normal drilling needs lubricating substance called drilling mud which lubricates rotary equipment. Moreover. it needs thermal energy to drill petroleum wells. it melts the rock and creates a ceramic coat.

. Therefore. the bit must be removed and then replacing it by a normal drilling bit. However. petroleum is a highly flammable substance.DISADVANTAGE  Laser rock drilling uses optical energy that transforms into thermal energy to melt the rock (formation). That is before reaching the oil zone. using laser as a drilling bit can be highly dangerous if not used carefully.

 Unfortunately. the average depth is 6000 ft. . According to petroleum engineering text books. Laser can only drill shallow holes.

. depending on the previous disadvantage. Therefore. One of the major drawbacks of laser drilling is that it needs huge amounts of energy to be operated (6:2). it needs a lot of energy to drill only shallow holes.

= P*t/v P = power.SPECIFIC ENERGY S.E. in watts t = time in seconds v = volume of rock removed .



CONCLUSION    SE for Shale 10x Less Than SS or LS Pulsed Lasers Cut Faster & With Less Energy Than Continuous Wave Lasers. Fluid Saturated Rocks Cut Faster Than Dry Rocks.  Possible Mechanisms Include:    More Rapid Heat Transfer Away From the Cutting Face Suppressing Melting Steam Expansion of Water Contributing to Spallation .

if not air drilling will be done  A single casing will be run through to put the well head and install packer and tubing  The speed of drilling would be around 750 ft/hr .LATEST UPDATES  The first well will be drilled in 2016  Research is been going on to find out what type of mud will be used.

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