3G CDMA - WCDMA and cdma2000

Rodger E. Ziemer IEEE Communications Society Distinguished Lecturer Program

Rules for Efficient Multiple Access
 Three

laws

 Know

the channel  Minimize interference to others  Mitigate interference received from others
 Requirements
 Channel

of wireless multiple access

measurement  Channel control and modification  Multiple user channel isolation
May 28-June1, 2001 R. Z. Ziemer, Colorado Springs, CO 2

CO 3 . Colorado Springs. 2001 R.Why CDMA? Higher capacity  Improved performance in multipath by diversity  Lower mobile transmit power = longer battery life  Power control  Variable transmission rate with voice activity detection  Allows soft handoff  Sectorization gain  High peak data rates can be accommodated  Combats other-user interference = lower reuse factors  May 28-June1. Z. Ziemer.

seamless coverage  Evolution from second generation systems  May 28-June1. CO 4 . Ziemer. video  High-rate interactive multimedia – video telecon-ferencing.  Mobility: quasi-stationary to high-speed platforms  Global roaming: ubiquitous.What is Third Generation? [1]  Flexible support of multiple services Voice  Messaging – email. etc. educational  High-rate multimedia – file transfer. Z. Colorado Springs. telemedicine. 2001 R. etc. fax.  Medium-rate multimedia – Internet access.

40) Turbo and convolutional Synchronous Time shifted PN correlation CDM common pilot Auxiliary pilot May 28-June1. code TDM dedicated pilot TDM dedicated pilot cdma2000 3. puncturing..6864 MHz FW – QPSK. multicode 20 ms (also 5. RV . 30. Z. Colorado Springs. Frame duration Coding Base stations synchronized? Base station acquisition/detect Forward link pilot Antenna beam forming W-CDMA 5 MHz 4. frame. 2001 R.BPSK Complex (OQPSK) 800 Hz Repet.75 MHz 3. CO 5 .096 MHz BPSK Complex (OQPSK) 1500 Hz Variable SF. multicode 10 ms Turbo and convolutional Asynchronous 3 step.W-CDMA Versus cdma2000 [2] Parameter Carrier spacing Chip rate Data modulation Spreading Power control frequency Variable data rate implement. Ziemer. slot.

Colorado Springs.667 ms slot 0 slot 1 slot i radio frame = 10 ms slot 14 TFCI = transmit format combination indicator FBI = feedback information TPC = transmit power control DPDCH = dedicated physical data channel DPCCH = dedicated physical control channel May 28-June1.WCDMA Uplink Frame Structure [1] I: data channel N data  10 * 2 k bits (k  0.6) DPDCH Tslot  2560 chips Q: sync & control Pilot: N pilot bits TFCI FBI TPC DPCCH 0. CO 6 . . Ziemer. 2001 R. Z.

CO . 2001 c long. Ziemer. Z.2 7 R.1 May 28-June1.3 DPDCH2 d cos( c t ) + +  cd . Colorado Springs.1 DPDCH3 d  + I  - pulse shape filter (SRC) c d .WCDMA Uplink Modulator Structure [1] DPDCH1 cd . 2 DPCCH d  Q + +  pulse shape filter (SRC) cc c sin(  c t ) c long.

2001 R. 4) Code phase is synchronous with information symbols.Orthogonal Variable Spreading Factor Codes Cd. desired information rate determines length of spreading sequence and therefore processing gain. no other code on the path from that code to the root and or on the subtree beneath that code may be used. i selected from this tree Notes: 1) For fixed chip rate. CO 8 . 2) When a specific code is used. Colorado Springs. 5) FDD UL processing gain between 256 and 4 FDD DL processing gain between 512 and 4 TDD UL/DL processing gain between 16 and 1 6) Multicode used only for SF = 4 00000000 0000 00001111 00 00110011 0011 00111100 0 0101 01011010 01 01100110 0110 01101001 01010101 May 28-June1. Z. Ziemer. 3) All the codes at any depth into the tree are the set of Walsh Sequences.

7) May 28-June1. CO 9 . Ziemer. Z. Colorado Springs. 2001 R.667 ms slot 0 slot 1 slot i radio frame = 10 ms slot 14 N data 2  N data 2  10 * 2 k bits (k  0. .WCDMA Downlink Frame Structure [1] DPDCH DPCCH TFCI DPDCH Data2 N data 2 DPCCH Pilot Data1 N data1 TPC Tslot  2560 chips 0.

2001 R. Ziemer. CO 10 . n Clong CP GP CS pulse shape filter (SRC) Gn e j t Secondary Sync Code c long.1 Clong G1 s/p cd .WCDMA Downlink Modulator Structure [1] dedicated traffic channels primary & secondary common pilot channels primary & secondary common control channels other channels Primary Sync Code s/p cd . Z. Colorado Springs.2 GS May 28-June1.

CO 11 . Z. 2001 R. Colorado Springs.Transmit Diversity Strategy for Downlink May 28-June1. Ziemer.

2001 R.7 4.8 9.0002-A-1 Fig 2.6 307.cdma2000 Uplink Frame Structure Radio Configuration 3 modulation symbol channel bits CRC encoder tail bits Convolutional or Turbo Coder symbol repetition symbol puncture block interleaver C Bits/ Frame 16 40 80 172 350 744 1512 3048 6120 CRC bits 6 6 8 12 16 16 16 16 16 tail bits 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 Data Rate kbps 1.1. Ziemer.1-8 May 28-June1.4 76.S.5 2.2 Code Rate 1/4 1/4 1/4 1/4 1/4 1/4 1/4 1/4 1/2 Repeats 16 8 4 2 1 1 1 1 1 Delete 1 of 5 1 of 9 none none none none none none none Symbols 1536 1536 1536 1536 1536 3072 6144 12288 12288 C.1.6 19.8 153. Z.3. Colorado Springs.1. CO 12 .2 38.

2001 d c long. Ziemer.cdma2000 Uplink Modulator Secondary Traffic 2 C wS 2 Pilot A d +  _ pulse shape cos( c t ) Control B wC Primary C Traffic c d + +  + +  wD1 Secondary Traffic 1 C pulse shape wS 1 May 28-June1. CO . Z.Q sin(  c t ) 13 R.I c long. Colorado Springs.

May 28-June1. Z. CO 14 .4 28.2 230.8 57.cdma2000 Downlink Frame Structure Radio Configuration 9 channel bits modulation symbol CRC encoder tail bits Convolutional or Turbo Coder symbol repetition symbol puncture block interleaver W Bits/ Frame 21 55 125 267 552 1128 2280 4584 9192 20712 CRC bits 6 8 10 12 16 16 16 16 16 16 tail bits 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 Data Rate kbps 1. Colorado Springs.8 3.8 Code Rate 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 Repeats 8 4 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Delete none none none none none none none none none 2 of 18 Symbols 576 576 576 576 1152 2304 4608 9216 18432 36864 Other similar tables in specification. Ziemer.2 14. 2001 R.6 115.8 1036.4 460.6 7.

3. Ziemer. 2001 R.S.0002-A-1 Fig 3.1. CO 15 . Z.1. Colorado Springs.cdma2000 1X DL Modulation Processing W modulation symbol rate + channel gain power control symbol puncture 01 1  -1 power control bits YI fwd pwr ctrl gain YQ I/Q scrambling bit extract puncture timing 800 Hz long code mask long code decimate pwr ctrl bit pos C.1-18 May 28-June1.1.

Colorado Springs. Ziemer.cdma2000 1X Downlink Modulation other channels XI +   pulse shape YI Walsh code cos( c t )  QOF code YQ  + other channels +  pulse shape XQ I channel pilot PN May 28-June1. CO 16 . Z. 2001 Q channel pilot PN sin(  c t ) R.

2001 R. CO 17 .cdma2000 3X DL Modulation Processing W modulation symbol rate + channel gain power control symbol puncture 01 1  -1 power control bits YI1 YI2 YI3 YQ1 YQ2 YQ3 fwd pwr ctrl gain I/Q scrambling bit extract puncture timing 800 Hz long code mask long code decimate pwr ctrl bit pos May 28-June1. Colorado Springs. Ziemer. Z.

CO output carrier 3 18 . Z. Colorado Springs. 2001 R. Ziemer.cdma2000 3X Downlink Modulation YI1 same as below YQ1 output carrier 1 YI2 YQ2 output carrier 2 YI3 same as above YQ3 May 28-June1.

Colorado Springs. Z. 2001 R.cdma2000 vs WCDMA  Chip rate  Coherent Pilot Channels  Transmit Diversity  Underlying Network  Single Carrier versus Multicarrier Spreading  Cell Site Synchronization May 28-June1. Ziemer. CO 19 .

“Third Generation Personal Communications: Physical Layer Status.. Ziemer and R. WCDMA for UMTS: Radio Access for Third Generation Mobile Communications. to 1XTREME. CO 20 . July 2000 [5] R. NJ: Prentice Hall.” Technology Transfer Training Class. 1. 2001 [2] Manjit Singh and Manoneet Singh. 2000 [4] “CDMA Evolution from IS-95. Ziemer. Chapter 10. Introduction to Digital Communications. Motorola. 2001 R. Peterson.References [1] R. Inc. New York: Wiley. “3G Wireless with Respect to IMT-2000 and Beyond. Colorado Springs. Upper Saddle River. Feb. 2001 May 28-June1. IS-2000.” Telecom 99 [3] Harri Holma and Antti Toskala. Z. Peterson. L.” Presentation at Clemson University.

212  25.WCDMA: More Information?  http://www. etc.)  medium access control (MAC)  radio link control (RLC)  26.214  25.org 21. Z.3gpp.  spreading and modulation  physical layer procedures (tx diversity.XXX series  voice coding R.211  25. Ziemer.  channel coding etc.213  25.101  guide to all other documents  25. Colorado Springs.321  25. CO 21 May 28-June1. 2001 .322   frame structure etc.XXX series  radio access network (RAN)  25.

002 45.060 May 28-June1.005 45.org 3GPP 45.60 multiple access.3gpp. Colorado Springs. logical channels.008 45.04 05.003 45. Ziemer.02 05.GSM/GPRS/EDGE: More Information?  http://www.08 05.05 05. Z. CO . 2001 05.001 ETSI 05.009 44.01 description general description 45.09 04. etc channel coding modulation radio transmission and channel models radio link control link adaptation RLC/MAC 22 R.03 05.004 45.

S0004-A-1  Signaling Link Access Control  C.S0002-A-1  Physical Layer Standard  C. Colorado Springs. 2001 R.3gpp2. Ziemer.org Specification Group C  cdma2000  C.cdma2000: More Information?  http://www. Z. CO 23 .S00024  1XEV-DO (high speed packet)  C.S0005  Upper Layer Signaling (L3)  Technical May 28-June1.S0003-A-1  Medium Access Control (MAC)  C.

org CDMA Development Group (CDG)  http://www.3gpp2.jp/IMT-2000/ARIB/Document/ May 28-June1. CO 24 .org International Mobile Telecommunications for the year 2000  http://www.org/standards/sfg/imt2k/ Japan ARIB IMT-2000 proposal  http://www.3G Information Sources     Third Generation Partnership Projects  http://www.cdg.tiaonline.or. 2001 R. Colorado Springs. Ziemer.arib. Z.org  http://www.3gpp.

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