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hyperbolas. etc • Not similar to each other – rectangles. • One can be obtained from the other by uniformly scaling (enlarging or shrinking). all circles. all equilateral triangles. . possibly with additional rotation.What is SIMILARITY ?? • Two geometrical objects are called similar if they both have the same shape. • Similar to each other – all squares.

History Shadow reckoning was one of the great arts of the ancient Greeks. and was used extensively by early mathematicians. he astonished the people with his use of shadow reckoning to find the height of the Great Pyramid. especially in measuring the heights of inaccessible objects. he couldn’t get into the Pyramid to measure the distance from the center of the tip to the tip of the shadow…!!!! . When the Greek mathematician. Of course. He first waited until his shadow was exactly as long as he was tall. Thales. then measuring the length of the shadow of the pyramid. visited Egypt.

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Two sides have lengths in the same ratio. .Similar Triangles Two triangles and are said to be similar if either of the following equivalent conditions holds: • AA similarity .They have two identical angles. which implies that their angles are all identical. and the angles included between these sides have the same measure.Corresponding sides have lengths in the same ratio. • SS similarity . • SAS similarity .

Similar Triangles’ Figures .

Theorems .

. • Then. by Basic Proportionality Theorem.Basic Proportionality Theorem • The adjacent triangle ABC has another triangle DEF inscribed in it such that DE is parallel to BC. AD/DB = AE /EC. (OR) AD/AB = AE/AC.

BC and AB are the remaining two sides.Pythagoras’ Theorem • The adjacent triangle is a right angled triangle (angle B = 90 ͦ ) • In the adjacent figure. AC is the hypotenuse. • Then. by Pythagoras’ theorem AC2 = AB2 + BC2. .

• By projection theorem 1. AC2 = AB2 + BC2 – 2BC.Projection Theorem 1 • The adjacent triangle ABC is an acute angled triangle. • AD is perpendicular to BC.CD .

AB2 = AC2 + BC2 + 2CD. • AD is perpendicular to BC produced to D.BC . • By projection theorem 2.Projection Theorem 2 • The adjacent triangle ABC is an obtuse angles triangle.

• “The sum of the squares of two sides of a triangle is equal to twice the sum of the square on the median which bisects the third side and the square of half the third side.” • AB2 + AC2 = 2(AM2 + BM2) . AM is the median.Apollonius Theorem • In the adjacent triangle ABC.

• By vertical angle bisector theorem.Vertical Angle Bisector Theorem • The adjacent triangle ABC has an angle bisector AD to BC. . CA/CD = BA/BD.

.Applications of Similar Triangles….

• It is used in light beams to see the distance from light to the target.• Similar triangles It is used in aerial photography to see the distance from the sky to the ground. • It is used in construction to measure out the room and scale size. . • The Wright Brothers used similar triangles to prepare their landing.

• In architecture similar triangles are used to represent doors and how far they swing open. • You can also use it to find the height of a ramp. .

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Fabin 3.Efforts by : 1. Mahima 4. Yash . Devyani 2. Pranav 5.

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