Scientific Assessment of Climate Change New Findings
Faculty: Dr. A. Abhyankar
Presented By: Anoop K. N. Mahim Ojha Vinayak Mahindrakar Siddhartha Kamat

• Introduction
• Introduction to IPCC and AR4

• Brief on TERI(The Energy and Resources Institute)
• Dangerous Anthropogenic Interference

• Future Projections
• Need for Mass Movement on Climate Change

• References

An appeal to our Friends…..

“The issue of climate change needs to be given a serious thought, and our Mother Earth would like you all to be responsible citizens and contribute your part in doing good to the environment”

Introduction to IPCC
• Intergovernmental Panel On Climate Change
• Established in 1988 • Its mission is to provide comprehensive scientific assessments of

current scientific, technical and socio-economic information
worldwide about the risk of climate change caused by human activity. • It does not carry out its own original research nor does it do the work of monitoring climate or related phenomena itself.

Introduction to IPCC
• The Main activity of IPCC is to publish special reports on topics relevant to Implementation of UNFCCC
• UNFCC- United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is an international treaty – acknowledging the possibility of harmful climate change.

Introduction to AR4
• It provides a great deal of new scientific knowledge which

carries learning with the special value in a world where climate
change has now come to occupy centre-stage of contemporary global issues.

• Needs public awareness and public demand for the
governments to take notice of what the public demands

• It can happen only if the manifestation is widespread and strong
• But, the ability and capacity Of IPCC to spread the findings is limited.

Introduction to TERI
• The first big foot – The conference on “Global warming and climate change: Perspectives from developing countries”, New Delhi, 1989 • The agenda was to concentrate on equity, efficiency and burden sharing needed to be evaluated in defining the role of developing countries • After conference , TERI established a Centre for Global Environmental Research • This centre did the following task • Conducted the research • Dissemination of results through message to public, school children, advising govts. and multilateral organizations on regular basis.

Dangerous Anthropogenic Interferences
• Ever since the industrial age, there has been a clear trend of rising temperatures. • A drastic increase in GHG’s due to anthropogenic interference. • Human factors have overtaken the natural factors in the second half of the 20th century. • A 17cm increase in sea level in just the past decade. • 70% increase in GHG’s since 1970 to 2004 • This highlights the ineffective nature of global action even though the UNFCC was established in 1992 and the KP in 2005

Future Projections
• IPCC has carried out projections of the future changes in temperature as well as their effects to our earth and us. • The projected increase in temperature by the end of 21st century will be within the range of 1.1-6.4 Degree Celsius. • Even with best efforts by us it will still increase by 2.5 Degree Celsius taking

into account the average of 0.74 Degree Celsius increase in the 20th Century.
• There are some very crucial effects of this future projections and increase in the climate.

Major Concerns around the Globe
• Mega Deltas extremely susceptible to major coastal flooding. • 75-250 million people living under water stress in Africa by 2020. • Decline in agricultural yields by almost 50 % by 2020 in some parts of Africa. • Arctic region is warming twice as fast than the rest of the globe. • Global Ice meltdown could leave more than 700 million as environmental refugees. • Adaptation to the impacts of climate change must be taken seriously, also there is a sense of urgency to take measures so as to bring about stabilization of the earths climate.

Major Concerns around the Globe
• In order to stabilize the temp. increase between 2-2.4 Deg. C. the extent of mitigation required would impose a cost of no more than 3% of the GGDP in 2030. • The co-benefits from such efforts include higher energy security, lower levels of air pollution, commensurate health benefits, higher levels of employment etc. • The world would incur a negative costs related to such a path of mitigation. • Very little time to embark on the preferred trajectory of mitigation.

“Need for a Mass Movement on Climate Change”

“Dealing with Climate Change-Setting a Global Agenda for Mitigation and Adaptation”-Edited by R. K. Pachauri

Thank You!

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