Gas tragedy | Chlorine | Chemical Compounds

Bhopal Gas Tragedy

Shrinivas Tukdeo (2413618) Aniket Jalgaonkar(2415102)

Madhya Pradesh.Preview Amongst the worst Industrail Disasters of its time. Company: Union Carbide Corporation. Place of occurrence: Bhopal. India. Chemical: Methyl Isocyanate (27 tons) . Occurrence: 3rd December 1984.

000 continue to suffer devastating health effects as a result of their exposure.Among the 500.000 have died till date and 120. 20. .000 people exposed to the gas.

Bhopal Scenario Union Carbide Corporation .

Monomethlyamine. Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) and the pesticide Carbaryl. also known as Sevin. India. .Union Carbide Corporation     Started in 1969 in bhopal Phosgene. DOW refused Union Carbide’s Liabilities in Bhopal. Taken over by DOW Chemicals in 2001.

Toxic Materials in Soil and Water .

Gas Vent Scrubber Gas Vent Scrubber Stack .

It may damage the growing fetus. Cancer Hazard – Caused mutation (genetic changes). Caused Asthama. causing coughing and/or shortness of breathing. It caused cancer.May also affect fertility in men and women. Higher exposure caused build up of fluids (pulmonary edema). Reproductive Hazard – Association between exposure to Methyl Isocyanate and miscarriages. .    Traces of many toxins were found in the Brest Milk of mothers and were inturn transmitted to the recepient babies.Effects on Human Health  Respiratory Disorders – Irritation to the lungs.

Animal Slaughter .

Over to you Aniket… .

1ºC) Freezing point: -49ºF Vapor pressure: 348 mm Hg at 68ºF (20ºC) Vapor density: 1.42 (air = 1.00) Water solubility: Reactive 6.7% at 68ºF (20ºC) Flammability: Highly flammable Flammable Range: 5.3% to 26% (concentration in air) .05 daltons Boiling point (760 mm Hg): 102ºF (39.Methyl Isocyanate Physical and Chemical Characteristics               Methyl Isocyanate (C2H3NO) Liquid form Volatile Colourless Strong. sharp odour Flash Point – -7oC Molecular weight: 57.

Reason for Citation  Methyl Isocyanate is on the Hazardous Substances List and is regulated by OSHA and cited by ACGIH. EPA and others. DOT.  . Is on the Special Health Hazard Substance List because it is flammable and reactive.

4severe . 3-serious. 1-slight. 2-moderate.Emergency Information Hazard Rating Flammability Reactivity NJDHSS - NFPA 3 2 Flammable and Reactive Poison Inhalation Hazard Do not use water Poisionous Gases are produced in fire Containers may explode in fire Hazard Rating Key: 0-minimal.

Water. Soil Air. Water. Soil Air. Soil Water. Soil Air Air Air Air. Soil Air. Soil Air Air Air Air. Soil . Water. Soil Air. Soil Air Water. Water.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Chemical Methylene Chloride Methanol Ortho-idichlorobenzene Carbon tetrachloride Chloroform Tri methylamine Chloro benzyl chloride Mono chloro toluene Toluene Aldicarb Carbaryl Benzene Hexachloride Mercury Mono methyl amine Chlorine Phosgene Hydro chloric acid Chloro sulphonic acid Alpha Naphthol * Napthalin Chemical waste Tar Methyl Isocyanate Amount 100 MT 50 MT 500 MT 500 MT 300 MT 50 MT 10 MT 10 MT 20 MT 2 MT 50 MT 5 MT 1 MT 25 MT 20 MT 5 MT 50 MT 50 MT 50 MT 50 MT 50 MT 5 MT Ingredient Ingredient Ingredient Ingredient Ingredient Ingredient Ingredient Waste Ingredient Use in factory Solvent Solvent Solvent Solvent Solvent Catalyst Ingredient Ingredient Ingredient Product Product Ingredient Nature of original pollution Air Air Air. Water. Soil Air. Water. Soil Air. Water.Chemicals Dumped by Union Carbide in Bhopal S. Soil Air. Water. Soil Air.

Haphazard dumping of Hazardous Material .

Toxic Materials in Soil and Water Benzene. oxybis Dichlorobenzenes Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons Phthalates Trichlorobenzenes Trimethyl Trianzintrione 1-Napthalenol 7. 890 87. .090 Units in parts per billion (ppb) Additionally.500 2.410 24.470 59.340 9. Dichlorobenzenes and Trichlorobenzenes were found in the soil and water samples.940 9.

Mercury was found to be between 20.000. Nickel.000 times the standard level in soil.000 to 6. . Copper. Chromium.Toxic Materials in Soil and Water Lead. Hexachlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzenes were found in soil samples.

. Case was reviewed and put up in American Court. Twenty years of passiveness. India.Compensation and Legal Aspects     Compensation of $470 million ($500 per dead). DOW Refused Union Carbide’s Liabilities in Bhopal.

20.000 SEVERELY AFFECTED …And you thought only weapons could cause Mass Destruction .000 KILLED 120.

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